Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2019

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.


Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
Electronic Mail: < astrocalendar@planetarium.cc > *** Internet Web Cover Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc >
This Internet Web Page: < http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2019.html >
SpaceWatchtower Blog
2019 January

Internet Web Site Master Index for the History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

SpaceWatchtower Blog


ASTRONOMICAL / CALENDAR EVENTS --

A.D. 2019

January ** February ** March

April ** May ** June

July ** August ** September

October ** November ** December


2019

Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days

Chronological Cycles and Eras

Astro Calendar
Current Month

Astro Calendar
Archives


Constellations
For Year

Star Charts
For Year

Moon Phases:
Archive * 2019 * Today

Next 27.32166 Days (Orbital Period)
(Scroll to bottom of page)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week

Solar System *** Archive

Occultations:

Archive * 2019

10,000-Year
Calendar

Astronomy Links

Science Links

Astronomical Glossary
Click here for links to the Moon, planets, star clusters, stars, and other astronomical terms referred to in this Astronomical Calendar.

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days - Archive

* Sat., Feb. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Imbolc, and also Candlemas, better known as Groundhog Day. (First traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Winter season: Feb. 1 Eve - Feb. 2).
(Groundhog Day at Gobler's Knob, Punxsutawney PA 15767, home of Punxsutawney Phil: - Sunrise: 7:26 a.m. EST / 12:26 UTC) .

* Sun., Feb. 3, 10:01 p.m. EST / Feb. 4, 3:01 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (First actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Winter season: ~Feb. 4).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Wed., March 20, 5:58 p.m. EDT / 21:58 UTC - Vernal Equinox - Season of Spring begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere: beginning of New Year (solar calendar) in Afghanistan and Iran. (~March 20)

* Wed., May 1 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Spring season (May 1).

* Sat., May 5, 2:58 p.m. EDT / 18:58 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Spring season (~May 5-6).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Fri., June 21, 11:54 a.m. EDT / 15:54 UTC - Summer Solstice - Season of Summer begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere (~June 21).
Also see 1985-1991: Summer "Solstice Day," Annual Free Day at Buhl Planetarium.

* Thur., Aug. 1 - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day, also known as “Lammas” (in the United Kingdom) and “Lughnassad” (in Ireland). Considered approximate date of First Harvest (third traditional cross-quarter day of the year), approximately between the Midsummer Solstice and the Autumnal Equinox (July 31 Eve - Aug. 1).

* Wed., Aug. 7, 3:19 p.m. EDT / 19:19 UTC - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (halfway between the June Solstice and September Equinox: ~Aug. 6 to 7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Mon., Sept. 23 - Falls Prevention Awareness Day (First day of Fall: ~Sept. 22-23).

* Mon., Sept. 23, 3:50 a.m. EDT / 7:50 UTC - Autumnal Equinox - Season of Autumn begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere. (~Sept. 22)
Also see: Harvest Moon.

* Thur., Oct. 31 / Fri., Nov. 1 / Sat., Nov. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Samhain or "All-Hallowsmas", better known as Halloween (Oct. 31 - "All Hallows Eve"), All-Saints Day (Nov. 1), All-Souls Day (Nov. 2) (fourth and last traditional cross-quarter day of year).

What is a "Cross-Quarter Day" ?
What is the Astronomical significance of
Halloween, All-Saints Day, and All-Souls Day?
Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

* Thur., Nov. 7, 12:14 a.m. EST / 17:14 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (fourth and last actual cross-quarter day of the year: ~Nov. 6-7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Sat., Dec. 21 - Homeless Persons' Memorial Day. (First day of Winter; longest night of the year: ~Dec. 21)

* Sat., Dec. 21, 11:19 p.m. EST / Dec. 22, 4:19 UTC - Winter Solstice - Season of Winter begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere. (~Dec. 21-22)
Also see: "The Stars of Winter" and "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Dramas (web sites include entire planetarium show scripts), performed each Winter in the Theater of the Stars of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Chronological Cycles and Eras Corresponding to Anno Domini (A.D.) 2019 or 2019 Common Era (C.E.) - Archive

Unless otherwise indicated, all dates are given in terms of the Gregorian Calendar.
For recent years, January 14 of the Gregorian Calendar corresponds to January 1 of the Julian Calendar.

Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.
Epact: 24.
Golden Number (Lunar Cycle): VI.
Roman Indiction: 12.
Solar Cycle (28-year cycle of the Julian calendar): 12.
Julian Period (Year of): 6732.

Byzantine Year 7528 Begins Sept. 14.
Jewish Year (A.M.) 5780 Begins at local Sunset, Sept. 29.
Chinese / Asian Lunar New Year (Lunar Calendar) - Year of the Pig 4717 Begins Feb. 5.
Roman A.U.C. (Dates from the founding of the City of Rome) Year 2772 Begins Jan. 14.
Nabonassar Year 2768 Begins April 19.
Japanese (Heisei) Year 2679 - Period or Era 30 Begins January 1.
Grecian Year (Selucidae) 2331 Begins Sept. 14 (or Oct. 14).
Indian Year (Saka) 1941 Begins March 22.
Diocletian Era (Era of the Martyrs) Year 1736 Begins Sept. 12.
Islamic (Hegira) (FCNA date) Year 1441 Begins at first viewing of lunar crescent (New Moon) on evening (after local Sunset) of Aug. 30.

NEWS: Astronomy, Space, Science

History of Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh


A.D. 2019

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 January
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Eclipses: Solar - Jan. 5 to 6 *** Lunar - Jan. 20 to 21

Quadrantid Meteor Shower: Jan. 3 to 4

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory. (Nov. 1 to April 30)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31 - Make Up Your Mind Day. (Dec. 31)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31 - Eve of New Year's Day (Traditional). (Dec. 31)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31, 7:00:00 p.m. EST / 2019 Jan. 1, 00:00:00 UTC - Marks the beginning of the New Year by the Coordinated Universal Time scale, the time scale used by many scientists. (Dec. 31)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31, 9:20 p.m. EST / 2019 Jan. 1, 2:20 UTC - Mars enters Constellation Aries the Ram.

* Tue., Jan. 1 - Feast of the Circumcision of Christ - Eighth day of the 12 days of Christmas: Dec. 25 to Jan. 5. During the Gregorian Calendar reform, Pope Gregory XIII, chose the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ as the beginning of the New Year in the Roman Catholic Church's Liturgical Year; previously, the Feast of the Annunciation on March 25 (also the Vernal Equinox in the "original" Julian Calendar adopted by the second King of Rome, Numa Pompilius, in the 7th century B.C.) had been considered the beginning of the New Year. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1 - Last day of Kwanzaa - Week-long holiday observance honoring African-American heritage. (Dec. 26 to Jan. 1)

* Mon., Jan. 1 (1863) - Anniversary: Emancipation Proclamation issued by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, which decreed that slaves in the rebellious states are free forever. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1 - First Day Hikes in America’s State Parks. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1, 12:00:00 Midnight (00:00:00) Prevailing Local Time - For Eastern Standard Time (EST) Zone in North America: 12:00:00 Midnight EST / 5:00:00 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) which correlates with 12:00:00 Midnight EST - New Year's Day: New Calendar Year begins. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1, 12:33 a.m. EST / 5:33 UTC - NASA's New Horizons interplanetary space probe (which flew-past Dwarf Planet Pluto on 2015 July 14) flies-by Kuiper Belt object (similar to small asteroid or comet) Ultima Thule.
First photograph of Ultima Thule received by NASA

* Tue., Jan. 1, 5:00 p.m. EST / 22:00 UTC - Venus 1.3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Wed., Jan. 2, 1:00 a.m. EST / 6:00 UTC - Saturn in conjunction with the Sun (Saturn not visible, even with a telescope).

* Thur., Jan. 3 - U.S. Congress begins first session of 116th Congress, U.S. Capitol Building, Washington DC. (Jan. 3)

* Thur., Jan. 3, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Earth at perihelion (closest Earth approach to the Sun in New Year): 91,403,553 statute miles / 147,099,761 kilometers. (Jan. 2 to 4)

* Thur., Jan. 3, 3:00 a.m. EST / 8:00 UTC - Jupiter 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., Jan. 3, 6:14 a.m. EST / 11:14 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Moon approaches closest to Jupiter.

* Thur., Jan. 3, 10:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 4, 3:00 UTC - (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Quadrantid Meteor Shower. (Jan. 3 to 4)

* Fri., Jan. 4 - Latest time of sunrise, for the year, for locales (such as Pittsburgh) at or near +40 North Latitude. (Jan. 4)

* Fri., Jan. 4, 1:00 p.m. EST / 18:00 UTC - Mercury 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Sat., Jan. 5 - National Bird Day. (Jan. 5)

* Sat., Jan. 5 - National Returns Day - When the most UPS returns packages are sent back to retailers. (Jan. 5)

* Sat., Jan. 5, Evening - "12th Night" of Christmas; end of the 12 days of Christmas, which began on Christmas Day. (Jan. 5)

***

* Sat., Jan. 5, 8:28 p.m. EST / Jan. 6, 1:28 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1188.

* Sat., Jan. 5, 8:41:27 p.m. EST / Jan. 6, 1:41:27 UTC - Time of greatest eclipse for Partial Solar Eclipse / Partial Eclipse of the Sun, visible in northeastern section of Asia (including Japan and portions of Russia and China) and the North Pacific Ocean, and a small part of the eclipse may be visible in extreme western Alaska -
Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3
SOLAR ECLIPSE / ECLIPSE OF THE SUN: TIPS FOR SAFE VIEWING

***

* Sun., Jan. 6 - Feast of the Epiphany; the day after the "12th Night" of Christmas. Tradition celebrates Epiphany as day the Magi arrived in Bethlehem to present gifts to the Christ child. (Jan. 6)

* Mon., Jan. 7 - Orthodox Christmas - As determined by Julian Calendar. (Jan. 7)

* Mon., Jan. 7, 6:18 a.m. EST / 11:18 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Venus enters Constellation Sagittarius the Archer.

* Mon., Jan. 8 (1851), 2:00 a.m. Paris Time - Earth's Rotation Day - Anniversary: French physicist Jean Leon Foucault develops a simple device to finally demonstrate and prove that the Earth rotates on its axis: Foucault Pendulum. He demonstrated the Foucault Pendulum, before scientists at the Paris Observatory, on 1851 February 3.
Near the end of his life, Jean Leon Foucault also developed the Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope. (Jan. 8)

* Tue., Jan. 8 (1918) - Mount Wilson Observatory Astronomer Harlow Shapley discovered true magnitude of Milky Way Galaxy and true location of Earth and our Solar System in the Milky Way Galaxy.
On 1941 November 19, Harvard College Observatory Director Harlow Shapley delivered the keynote address at the dedication for a rather unique 10-inch Siderostat-Type Refractor Telescope at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Jan. 8)

* Tue., Jan. 8, 11:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 9, 4:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,349 statute miles / 406,117 kilometers.

* Wed., Jan. 9 (1793) - First balloon flight in America. (Jan. 9)

* Thur., Jan. 10 (1920) - Founding of the League of Nations. (Jan. 10)

* Thur., Jan. 10, 5:00 p.m. EST / 22:00 UTC - Neptune 3 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., Jan. 11 - Learn Your Name in Morse Code Day. (Jan. 11)

* Fri., Jan. 11 - National Milk Day. (Jan. 11)

* Fri., Jan. 11 - National Human Trafficking Awareness Day. (Jan. 11)

* Sat., Jan. 12 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Sat., Jan. 12, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Mars 5 degrees north of the Moon (appears closest visually 6:51 p.m. EST / 23:51 UTC).

* Sun., Jan. 13 - New Year's Eve, according to the Julian Calendar. (Jan. 13)

* Mon., Jan. 14 - Beginning of the New Year, according to the Julian Calendar. (Jan. 14)

* Mon., Jan. 14 - National Clean Off Your Desk Day. (2nd Monday of January)

* Mon., Jan. 14, 1:45 a.m. EST / 6:45 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Mon., Jan. 14, 7:00 a.m. EST / 12:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Tue., Jan. 15 (1929) - Anniversary of the Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Observed - USA: Third Monday in January): Birth of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. (Jan. 15)

* Tue., Jan. 15 (2001) - Anniversary of launch of Wikipedia, free-of-charge, on-line encyclopedia. (Jan. 15)

* Thur., Jan. 17 - Kid Inventors’ Day (K.I.D.), on January 17 in honor of the birth of famous inventor Benjamin Franklin, who invented the first swim flippers at the age of 12. (Jan. 17)

* Mon., Jan. 21 - Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (Observed - USA: Third Monday in January): Birth of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: 1929 Jan. 15. (Third Monday in January)

* Mon., Jan. 21 - Squirrel Appreciation Day. (Jan. 21)

***

* Mon., Jan. 21, 12:12:16.0 a.m. EST / 5:12:16.0 UTC - Time of greatest eclipse for Total Lunar Eclipse / Total Eclipse of the Moon, visible throughout the Western Hemisphere as well as portions of the eclipse visible in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East - Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4
ALWAYS SAFE TO LOOK AT A LUNAR ECLIPSE / ECLIPSE OF THE MOON WITH THE NAKED-EYE (ONE-POWER), BINOCULARS, OR A TELESCOPE.

* Mon., Jan. 21, 12:16 a.m. EST / 5:16 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon (Wolf Moon).
As this Full Moon is near the monthly Lunar Perigee, some consider this a so-called "Super-Moon."

* Mon., Jan. 21, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 222,042 statute miles / 357,342 kilometers.
Large Tides Along Ocean Coast-Lines Predicted, due to Primary Moon Phase of Full Moon (and Total Lunar Eclipse / Total Eclipse of the Moon) only hours before Lunar Perigee.

***

* Mon., Jan. 21, 11:00 a.m. EST / 16:00 UTC - Moon 0.6 degree south of Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44).

* Jan. 22 to 27 - National Drug & Alcohol Facts Week. (4th week of January)

* Tue., Jan. 22, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Venus 2 degrees north of Jupiter (appears visually closest 5:43 a.m. EST / 10:43 UTC).

* Thur., Jan. 24 - National Compliment Day. (Jan. 24)

* Fri., Jan. 25 (1915) - First transcontinental telephone call. (Jan. 25)

* Fri., Jan. 25 - Earned Income Tax Credit Awareness Day. (Last Friday in January)

* Fri., Jan. 25, 1:17 a.m. EST / 6:17 UTC - Uranus enters Constellation Aries the Ram.

* Sat., Jan. 26 - Australia Day, commemorating the first landing in Australia by Captain Arthur Phillip. (Jan. 26)

* Jan. 27 to Feb. 2 - National Catholic Schools Week. (End of January / Beginning of February)

* Jan. 27 to Feb. 5, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Monthly Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Sun., Jan. 27 - Holocaust Remembrance Day (UN). (Jan. 27)

* Sun., Jan. 27 (1967) - Anniversary of Apollo 1 fire; three astronauts perished: Gus Grissom, Ed White, Roger Chaffee. (Jan. 27)

* Sun., Jan. 27 (1926) - First public demonstration, in London, of a black-and-white, mechanical television system. (Jan. 27)

* Sun., Jan. 27, 4:10 p.m. EST / 21:10 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Jan. 28 to Feb. 1 - Tax Identity Theft Awareness Week. (Last business week of January / first business week of February).

* Mon., Jan. 28 (1986) - Anniversary of STS Space Shuttle Challenger explosion; seven astronauts perished: Francis Scobee, Michael Smith, Elison Onizuka, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Gregory Jarvis, Christa McAuliffe (Teacher-in-Space). (Jan. 28)
Viewed at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center).

* Mon., Jan. 28 - Data Privacy Day. (Jan. 28)

* Mon., Jan. 28 - National Bubble-Wrap Appreciation Day, first used by IBM to safely ship computers in 1961. (Last Monday of January)

* Tue., Jan. 29 - Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Awareness Day. (Jan. 29)

* Tue., Jan. 29 - Puzzle Day. (Jan. 29)

* Tue., Jan. 29, 10:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 30, 3:00 UTC - Mercury in superior conjunction (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope).

* Wed., Jan. 30, 7:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 31, 0:00 UTC - Jupiter 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., Jan. 31 (1958) - Anniversary of the first successful launch, by the USA, of an artificial satellite: Explorer 1. (Jan. 31)

* Thur., Jan. 31, 1:00 p.m. EST / 18:00 UTC - Venus 0.1 degree south of the Moon; occultation: eastern portion of Micronesia, Polynesia but not including Hawaii, Galapagos Islands, southern portion of Central America, northwestern portion of South America.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 February
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory. (Nov. 1 to April 30)

* Jan. 27 to Feb. 2 - National Catholic Schools Week. (End of January / Beginning of February)

* Jan. 27 to Feb. 5, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Monthly Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Jan. 29 to Feb. 2 - Tax Identity Theft Awareness Week. (Last business week of January / first business week of February).

* Fri., Feb. 1 (2003) - Anniversary of STS Space Shuttle Columbia disintegration during re-entry; seven astronauts perished: Rick Husband, William McCool, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Michael Anderson, Laurel Clark, Ilan Ramon. (Feb. 1)

* Fri., Feb. 1 (1865) - National Freedom Day -Date in 1865 when U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signed a resolution proposing the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibiting slavery. (Feb. 1)

* Fri., Feb. 1 - National Change Your Password Day!. (Feb. 1)

* Fri., Feb. 1 - World Read Aloud Day. (Feb. 1)

* Fri., Feb. 1 - National Wear Red Day - Go Red for Women movement to heart disease in women (American Heart Association). (First Friday in Feb.)

* Feb. 2 to 9 - World Orphan Week. (1st full week of February)

* Sat., Feb. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Imbolc, and also Candlemas, better known as Groundhog Day. (First traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Winter season: Feb. 1 Eve - Feb. 2).
(Groundhog Day at Gobler's Knob, Punxsutawney PA 15767, home of Punxsutawney Phil: - Sunrise: 7:25 a.m. EST / 12:25 UTC) .
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Sat., Feb. 2, 2:00 a.m. EST / 7:00 UTC - Saturn 0.6 degree south of the Moon; occultation: central and southern portions of Europe, Middle East, northern and northeastern portions of Africa, portions of southern Russia, western portion of Asia.

* Sat., Feb. 2, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.6 degree south of the Moon; occultation: central and western sections of North America (however, not visible in Alaska except visible in Aleutian Islands), Hawaii, northern portion of Micronesia.

* Sun., Feb. 3 (1851) - Anniversary: Jean Leon Foucault first demonstrates, before scientists in the Meridian Room of the Paris Observatory, the Foucault Pendulum, which is a proof that the Earth rotates on its axis. He had invented the device on 1851 January 8.
Near the end of his life, Jean Leon Foucault also developed the Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope. (Feb. 3)

* Sun., Feb. 3, 5:29 p.m. EST / 22:29 UTC - As it appears from Earth, Venus enters Constellation Capricornus the Horned Goat.

* Sun., Feb. 3, 10:01 p.m. EST / Feb. 4, 3:01 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (First actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Winter season: ~Feb. 4).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Mon., Feb. 4 - Transit Equity Day to honor Rosa Parks on her birthday, for her act of resistance by refusing to give up her seat on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955, which was a catalyst for the civil rights movement. (Feb. 4 - birthday of Rosa Parks)

* Mon., Feb. 4 - World Cancer Day (WCD). (Feb. 4)

* Mon., Feb. 4 - Thank A Mailman Day. (Feb. 4)

* Mon., Feb. 4 - Lichun - Beginning of first Solar term (of 24 Solar terms in one year) of traditional East Asia calendars (begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 315° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 330°); also known as the start of Spring (Occurs each year around Feb. 4)

* Mon., Feb. 4, 4:03 p.m. EST / 21:03 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1189.

* Tue., Feb. 5 - Chinese / Asian Lunar New Year, based on a lunisolar calendar of which dates indicate both the moon phase and the time of the solar year. This marks the beginning of the Chinese / Asian Lunar New Year Year of the Pig.

* Tue., Feb. 5 - National Weatherperson's Day - Birth of one of America's first weather observers, John Jeffries (picture): 1744 February 5. (Feb. 5)

* Tue., Feb. 5 - Safer Internet Day. [Second day (Tuesday) of the second (business) week of February]

* Tue., Feb. 5 - African American Coaches Day about the benefits of working with a personal or business coach. (First Tuesday in February)

* Tue., Feb. 5, 4:00 a.m. EST / 9:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,621.56506 statute miles / 406,555 kilometers.

* Wed., Feb. 6, 3:00 a.m. EST / 8:00 UTC - Asteroid / Minor Planet 4 Vesta 1.1 degrees south of the Moon; occultation: portions of western Russia.

* Thur., Feb. 7 (1863) - Periodic Table (of Chemical Elements) Day. (Feb. 7)

* Thur., Feb. 7, 1:00 a.m. EST / 6:00 UTC - Neptune 3 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., Feb. 8 (1910) - Anniversary of founding of the Boy Scouts of America. (Feb. 8)

* Sun., Feb. 10 - Autism Sunday / International Day of Prayer for Autism and Asperger Syndrome. (Second Sunday of February)

* Sun., Feb. 10, 11:00 a.m. EST / 16:00 UTC - Mars 6 degrees north of the Moon.

* Sun., Feb. 10, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Mon., Feb. 11 (1732) - Anniversary of birth of first American President, George Washington, according to Julian Calendar (also known as "Old Style Calendar"), at use at that time; according to Gregorian Calendar, which we use today, George Washington's birthday occurred on Feb. 22. (Feb. 11)
See also: Washington's Birthday Observed / Presidents' Day * Washington's Birthday Actual (Julian Calendar) * Washington's Birthday Actual (Gregorian Calendar) * Lincoln's Birthday.

* Mon., Feb. 11 - National Inventors' Day, anniversary of the birth of the inventor Thomas Alva Edison. (Feb. 11)

* Mon., Feb. 11 - National Clean Out Your Computer Day. (Second Monday in February)

* Tue., Feb. 12 (1809) - Anniversary of birth of 16th American President, Abraham Lincoln. (Feb. 12)
See also: Washington's Birthday Observed / Presidents' Day * Washington's Birthday Actual (Julian Calendar) * Washington's Birthday Actual (Gregorian Calendar) * Lincoln's Birthday.

* Tue., Feb. 12 (1809) - Anniversary of birth of English naturalist, Charles Darwin; Darwin Day. (Feb. 12)

* Tue., Feb. 12, 5:26 p.m. EST / 22:26 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Wed., Feb. 13 - World Radio Day (WRD). (Feb. 13)

* Wed., Feb. 13 - Galentine’s Day - Fun holiday for women, created in 2010 by the NBC-TV program, Parks and Recreation. (Feb. 13 - always day before St. Valentine's Day)

* Wed., Feb. 13, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Mars 1.1 degrees north of Uranus.

* Wed., Feb. 13, 11:00 p.m. EST / Feb. 14, 4:00 UTC - Star Aldebaran 1.7 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., Feb. 14 - St. Valentine's Day. (Feb. 14)

* Thur., Feb. 14 - Library Lovers Day. (Feb. 14)

* Thur., Feb. 14 - International Book Giving Day. (Feb. 14)

* Thur., Feb. 14 - National Have a Heart Day to promote awareness of our food choices so as to get or maintain a healthy heart. (Feb. 14)

* Thur., Feb. 14 - National Organ Donor Day. (Feb. 14)
Also see: Story of the youngest heart-lungs transplant recipient, who received her first transplant operation shortly after visiting Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium in November of 1985.

* Thur., Feb. 14, 5:51 a.m. EST / 10:51 UTC - As it appears from Earth, Mars enters Constellation Taurus the Bull.

* Fri. through Mon., Feb. 15, 16, 17, 18 - CITIZEN SCIENCE: The Great Backyard Bird Count. (Presidents' Day holiday weekend, starting on Friday)

* Fri., Feb. 15 (1564) - Anniversary of the birth of Italian Astronomer Galileo Galilei. (Feb. 15)

* Fri., Feb. 15 (2013) - Chelyabinsk, Russia Meteor, a super-bolide caused by an approximately 20 m (66 ft) near-Earth asteroid, which caused wide-spread damage in Chelyabinsk, Russia. (Feb. 15)

* Fri., Feb. 15 (1820) - Susan B. Anthony Day - Anniversary of the birth of Susan B. Anthony and commemoration of women's suffrage in the United States. (Feb. 15)

* Feb. 17 to 23 - National Engineers Week. [Third or fourth week in February (Sunday through Saturday), which includes George Washington's actual birthday of February 22]

* Feb. 17 to 23 - National Brotherhood Week. (Week which includes Feb. 22, which coincides with George Washington's birthday)

* Sun., Feb. 17 (1869) - 150th Anniversary: Periodic Table of Chemical Elements. (Feb. 17)

* Sun., Feb. 17 (2015) - Fireball over Pittsburgh seen in several states. (Feb. 17)

* Sun., Feb. 17 - Random Acts Of Kindness Day. (Feb. 17)

* Sun., Feb. 17, 11:00 p.m. EST / Feb. 18, 4:00 UTC - Moon 0.6 degree south of the Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44).

* Feb. 18 to 22 - Fair Use / Fair Dealing Week, commissioned by the Association of Research Libraries. (Last full business week of February)

* Mon., Feb. 18 (1930) - Anniversary: Date of discovery of Planet Pluto (now designated Dwarf Planet 134340 Pluto) discovered by Clyde Tombaugh working at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona. (Feb. 18)

* Mon., Feb. 18 - Washington's Birthday Observed / Presidents' Day. (USA Federal Holiday: Third Monday in Feb.)
See also: Washington's Birthday Observed / Presidents' Day * Washington's Birthday Actual (Julian Calendar) * Washington's Birthday Actual (Gregorian Calendar) * Lincoln's Birthday.
Also see: The Astronomy President.

* Mon., Feb. 18, 9:00 a.m. EST / 14:00 UTC - Venus 1.1 degrees north of Saturn (closest approach of the two planets: 5:42 a.m. EST / 10:42 UTC).

* Tue., Feb. 19 (1473) - Anniversary: Birth of famous Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. (Feb. 19)
A portrait of Nicolaus Copernicus, donated to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science by the Polish Arts League of Pittsburgh, hung on the Mezzanine of Buhl Planetarium.
Also see photograph of the inscription of the name "Copernicus," just under the outer planetarium dome of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Tue., Feb. 19 (1968) - Anniversary: National premiere on National Educational Television (NET - predecessor of PBS, the Public Broadcasting Service) of landmark children's television program, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, which included puppet character King Friday the 13th (originated at WQED-TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh). (Feb. 19)

* Tue., Feb. 19, 4:00 a.m. EST / 9:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 221,681.00791 statute miles / 356,761 kilometers.
Large Tides Along Ocean Coast-Lines Predicted, due to Primary Moon Phase of Full Moon only hours after Lunar Perigee.

* Tue., Feb. 19, 10:53 a.m. EST / 15:53 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon (Snow Moon).
Largest Full Moon visible from Earth, and closest Full Moon to Earth, in 2019, due to Lunar Perigee only hours earlier - what some refer to as a so-called "Super-Moon."

* Wed., Feb. 20 (1491) - Anniversary: "Comet of 1491" which, until 2002, was considered the closest comet to ever approach the Earth. Today, this comet is not considered the closest comet to ever approach the Earth, due to the unreliability of data. (Feb. 20)
More information.

* Thur., Feb. 21 - Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day. (Thursday of National Engineering Week)

* Thur., Feb. 21 - International Mother Language Day. (Feb. 21)

* Thur., Feb. 21 - Zodiacal Light visible, with difficulty after evening twilight (visible for up to an hour after dusk) in the western sky of the Northern Hemisphere, for the next two weeks. (February, March)

* Feb. 22 to 24 - National Girl Scout Cookie Weekend. (Last weekend of February / first weekend of March)

* Fri., Feb. 22 (1732) - Anniversary of birth of first American President, George Washington, according to Gregorian Calendar, which we use today; according to Julian Calendar (also known as "Old Style Calendar") at use at that time, George Washington's birthday occurred on Feb. 11. (Feb. 22)
See also: Washington's Birthday Observed / Presidents' Day * Washington's Birthday Actual (Julian Calendar) * Washington's Birthday Actual (Gregorian Calendar) * Lincoln's Birthday.

* Fri., Feb. 22 - National Brotherhood Day. (Feb. 22 - coincides with George Washington's birthday)

* Feb. 24 to March 2 - Montessori Education Week. (Last week of February / first week of March)

* Sun., Feb. 24 (1914) - Anniversary of the concept of the Projection Planetarium. (Feb. 24)

* Feb. 25 to March 2 - America Saves Week. (Last week of Feb. - Same week as Military Saves Week)

* Feb. 25 to March 2 - Military Saves Week. (Last week of Feb. - Same week as America Saves Week)

* Mon., Feb. 25 - Equilux when considering Civil Twilight (Dawn before sunrise and Dusk after sunset) - When considering Civil Twilight, the day when daylight and darkness, both, have the same length of hours and minutes. Occurs twice each year, approximately 23 days before the Vernal Equinox and 23 days after the Autumnal Equinox. (Feb. 25-26, Oct. 15)

* Mon., Feb. 25 - Mercury at perihelion.

* Feb. 26 to March 7, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Monthly Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Tue., Feb. 26 - World Spay Day. (Last Tuesday of every February)

* Tue., Feb. 26, 6:28 a.m. EST / 11:28 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Wed., Feb. 27 - International Polar Bear Day. (Feb. 27)

* Wed., Feb. 27, 9:00 a.m. EST / 14:00 UTC - Jupiter 2 degrees south of the Moon (as it appears from Earth, closest approach of Jupiter, by the Moon, at 4:25 a.m. EST / 9:25 UTC).

* Thur., Feb. 28 - Digital Learning Day. (4th Thursday in February)

* Thur., Feb. 28 - Rare Disease Day. (Last day of February: Feb. 28 or 29)

* Thur., Feb. 28, ~4:55 a.m. Prevailing Local Time - Andromeda Galaxy (M31) rises in the northeastern sky.

* Fri., March 1 (1504 Feb. 29 to March 1) - Anniversary of total lunar eclipse used by Christopher Columbus, to scare the natives of Jamaica into providing food and other provisions for his sailors. (Feb. 29 to March 1)
Also see first recorded lunar eclipse in continental North America.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 March
Monthly Observances This Month

"March roars in like a lion and goes out like a lamb."
(Origin: Constellations Leo the Lion & Aries the Ram)

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Daylight Saving Time Begins March 10

Spring Begins: ~ March 19, 20, 21

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory. (Nov. 1 to April 30)

* Feb. 24 to March 2 - Montessori Education Week. (Last week of February / first week of March)

* Feb. 25 to March 2 - America Saves Week. (Last week of Feb. - Same week as Military Saves Week)

* Feb. 25 to March 2 - Military Saves Week. (Last week of Feb. - Same week as America Saves Week)

* Feb. 26 to March 7, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Monthly Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Fri., March 1 (1504 Feb. 29 to March 1) - Anniversary of total lunar eclipse used by Christopher Columbus, to scare the natives of Jamaica into providing food and other provisions for his sailors. (Feb. 29 to March 1)
Also see first recorded lunar eclipse in continental North America.

* Fri., March 1 - Beginning of Meteorological Spring Season in Northern Hemisphere. (March 1)

* Fri., March 1 - Beginning of Autumn Season in Australia. (March 1)

* Fri., March 1 - St. David's Day. (March 1)

* Fri., March 1 - World Compliment Day. (March 1)

* Fri., March 1 - Read Across America sponsored by the National Education Association to motivate children to read, in addition to helping them master basic skills. (Annual--on or near March 2, birthday of Dr. Seuss)

* Fri., March 1 - Employee Appreciation Day. (First Friday of March)

* Fri., March 1, 1:00 p.m. EST / 18:00 UTC - Saturn 0.3 degree south of the Moon; occultation: southern portion of North America, Central America, Pacific Islands of northern portion of Polynesia, most of Micronesia, but NOT Hawaii.

* Sat., March 2, 2:49 a.m. EST / 7:49 UTC - First launch of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft, without a crew, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Back-up launch date is March 5.
Artist's rendering of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft.

* Sat., March 2, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.6 degree south of the Moon; occultation: northeastern portion of Africa, southwestern portion of Europe, Middle East, India, most of southern and eastern portions of Asia, most of China, most of Mongolia.

* Sat., March 2, 4:00 p.m. EST / 21:00 UTC - Venus 1.2 degrees north of the Moon.

* Sun, March 3 - World Wildlife Day. (March 3)

* March 3 to 9 - Teen Tech Week.

* March 3 to 9 - National Consumer Protection Week. (First full week of March)

* March 4 to 8 - Open Education Week. (First week of March)

* March 4 to 8 - National School Breakfast Week. (First school week of March)

* Mon., March 4 (1681) - Pennsylvania Charter Day - William Penn received charter, for what became the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from Great Britain's King Charles II on 1681 March 4. (March 4)

* Mon., March 4 (1793 until 1933, on years divisible by four) - U.S. Presidential Inauguration Day. (March 4)

* Mon., March 4 - National Grammar Day. (March 4)

* Mon., March 4, 6:00 a.m. EST / 11:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,519.66018 statute miles / 406,391 kilometers.

* Tue., March 5 - Mardi Gras / Fat Tuesday / Carnival Tuesday / Shrove Tuesday / Pancake Tuesday / Pancake Day. (Day before Ash Wednesday)

* Tue., March 5 (1868) - Anniversary: Railway Air Brake patented by George Westinghouse in Pittsburgh. (March 5)

* Wed., March 6 - Ash Wednesday, the beginning of Lent. (First Wednesday in Lent, 46 days before Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Wed., March 6 - World Maths Day. (First Wednesday in March)

* Wed., March 6 (1869) - Professor Dimitri Ivanovich Mendeleev's first Periodic Table of the Elements was presented to, and published by, the Russian Chemical Society. (March 6)

* Wed., March 6, 11:04 a.m. EST / 16:04 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1190.

* Wed., March 6, 8:00 p.m. EST / March 7, 1:00 UTC - Neptune in conjunction with the Sun (Neptune not visible, even with a telescope).

* Thur., March 7, 5:00 p.m. EST / 22:00 UTC - Asterioid 4 Vesta in conjunction with the Sun (Vesta not visible, even with a telescope).

* Fri., March 8 - International Women's Day. (March 8)

* Sat., March 9, 11:00 p.m. EST / March 10, 4:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* March 10 to April 12, September 24 through November 5 - Tsunami Preparedness Weeks. (mid-March through April, mid-September through early November)

* March 10 to 16 - Sleep Awareness Week®. (Coincides, each year, with conversion to Daylight Saving Time)

* March 10 to 16 - Wildfire Prevention Week. [Pennsylvania: Spring (Second week of March), Autumn]

* Sun., March 10 (1982) - 1982 date of first alignment of our Solar System's nine planets (including Pluto, which at that time was still considered a planet) since A.D. 1128. A 1974 book, The Jupiter Effect, had erroneously predicted several catastrophes to occur on this date in 1982, including a major earthquake on the San Andreas Fault in California. (March 10)

* Sun., March 10 (1876) - Anniversary: First successful telephone transmission of clear speech - when Alexander Graham Bell transmitted, "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you." Three days earlier, on March 7, Alexander Graham Bell received a U.S. patent for the telephone. (March 10)

* Sun., March 10 - Day of Planetaria. (Sunday in mid-March)

* Sun., March 10, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time (Standard Time) - DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME BEGINS - Beginning in 2007, EARLY DUE TO NEW FEDERAL LAW. Civil Time changes from 2:00 a.m. Standard Time to 3:00 a.m. Daylight Saving Time (Second Sunday in March, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time).
Some States to Abandon Daylight Saving Time ?
Science of Daylight Saving Time.

* March 11 to 17 - Brain Awareness Week. (Second full week of March: Monday through Sunday)

* Mon., March 11 - Napping Day. (Monday after the annual beginning of Daylight Saving Time)

* Mon., March 11, 8:00 a.m. EDT / 12:00 UTC - Mars 6 degrees north of the Moon.

* Tue., March 12 - World Day Against Cyber Censorship. (March 12)

* Tue., March 12 (1989) - Anniversary of the original proposal founding the World Wide Web on the Internet. (March 12)

* Tue., March 12 (1912) - Anniversary of the founding of the Girl Scouts of the United States of America. (March 12)

* Wed., March 13 (1781) - Anniversary of the Planet Uranus discovery announced by Sir Frederick William Herschel. (March 13)

* Wed., March 13 (1938), 8:00 a.m. Prevailing Time - Anniversary of beginning of the radio news program CBS World News Roundup, the longest-running, network news broadcast in America. (March 13)

* Wed., March 13, 7:00 a.m. EDT / 11:00 UTC - Star Aldebaran 1.9 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., March 14 - Pi Day, a holiday commemorating the mathematical constant π (pi). (March 14: 3.14)

* Thur., March 14, 6:27 a.m. EDT / 10:27 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Thur., March 14, 3:14 p.m. EDT / 19:14 UTC - Scheduled launch, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, of Soyuz MS-12 to the International Space Station with three astronauts: NASA astronauts Nick Hague and Christina Hammock Koch and Alexey Ovchinin of the Russian space agency Roscosmos.

* Thur., March 14, 10:00 p.m. EDT / March 15, 2:00 UTC - Mercury in inferior conjunction with the Sun (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope).

* Fri., March 15 - Ides of March. (March 15)
Also see: Ides of March article on StarDate.

* Fri., March 15 - Buzzards return to Hinckley, Ohio (Cleveland suburb). (March 15)

* Fri., March 15 (1892) - First patent granted for the invention of the escalator, which resulted in production of the first escalator installed on the Old Iron Pier at Coney Island in New York City in 1896. (March 15)

* Sat., March 16 - Equilux - The actual day with equal hours and minutes of the Sun above the horizon, and equal hours and minutes of the Sun below the horizon. Occurs twice each year, approximately 3-to-4 days before the Vernal Equinox and 3-to-4 days after the Autumnal Equinox. (March 16, September 25)

* Sat., March 16 - Anniversary: American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled (gasoline and liquid oxygen) rocket. (March 16)

* Sat., March 16 - Freedom of Information Day, the birthday of James Madison, who is widely regarded as the Father of the Constitution and as the foremost advocate for openness in government. (March 16)

* Sun., March 17 - St. Patrick's Day. (March 17)

* Sun., March 17, 9:00 a.m. EDT / 13:00 UTC - Moon 0.5 degree south of the Beehive Open Star Cluster.

* March 18 to 22 - Solar Week. (Mid-to-Late March, Mid-to-Late October)

* March 18 to 24 - Fix-a-Leak Week. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - third week of March: Monday through Sunday)

* Mon., March 18 - Transit Driver Appreciation Day. (March 18)

* Mon., March 18 - Awkward Moments Day. (March 18)

* Mon., March 18, 1:33 a.m. EDT / 5:33 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Mon., March 18, 2:54 a.m. EDT / 6:54 UTC - Mercury closest to Earth.

* Tue., March 19 (1918) - Anniversary: Standard Time Act authorized by the U.S. Congress, which legally established time zones in the United States. The law also established Daylight Saving Time (DST) to conserve energy during World War I, after being promoted by Pittsburgh business and civic leader Robert Garland. (March 19)
Previously, five North American time zones had been established by the American and Canadian railroads at precisely 12:00 Noon on 1883 November 18, upon a time signal sent over the telegraph from the Allegheny Observatory in Pittsburgh.

* Tue., March 19 - St. Joseph's Day - Swallows return to Mission San Juan Capistrano, California. (March 19)

* Tue., March 19 - World Monopoly Day. (March 19)

* Tue., March 19, 4:00 p.m. EDT / 20:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 223,306.51495 statute miles / 359,377 kilometers.

* March 20 to 26 - Pennsylvania Medicine Cabinet Clean-up Week. (Week Beginning with the Vernal Equinox)

* March 20 to April 14 - Annual National Cherry Blossom Festival, Washington DC. (~ Vernal Equinox to mid-April)

* Wed., March 20 - Sun - Earth Day. (NASA: Day of, or near, the Vernal Equinox, the first day of Spring)

* Wed., March 20 - Hypatia Day / Women in Science Day. (March 20)

* Wed., March 20, 5:58 p.m. EDT / 21:58 UTC - Vernal Equinox - Spring Season begins in Northern Hemisphere of Earth. (~March 20)
Beginning of New Year (Solar Calendar) in Afghanistan and Iran / Persia (Nowruz), including being a holy day for the Zoroastrian Religion, and Bahá'í Naw-Rúz, one of nine holy days of the Bahá'í Faith. (~ March 19, 20, 21)

* March 20, Sunset to March 21, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh - p.m. EDT / 23:10 UTC; March 21: p.m. EDT / 23:12 UTC) - Purim - Jewish holiday that commemorates the saving of the Jewish people from Haman, in the ancient Persian Empire, who was planning to kill all the Jews.

* Wed., March 20, 9:43 p.m. EDT / March 21, 1:43 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Worm Moon.

* Thur., March 21 - Zodiacal Light visible, with difficulty, after evening twilight in the western sky of the Northern Hemisphere, for the next two weeks. (February, March)

* Thur., March 21 - Kick Butts Day to prevent youth use of tobacco products. (March 21).

* Thur., March 21 - Rosie The Riveter Day, commemorating the World War II poster, created by Pittsburgh's Westinghouse Company, which promoted women doing their part in the war effort. (March 21)

* Thur., March 21 - World Poetry Day. (March 21)

* Thur., March 21 (1617) - Anniversary of the Funeral of Native American Pocahontas (a.k.a. Rebecca Rolfe) at age ~ 21. (March 21)

* Fri., March 22 - World Water Day. (March 22)

* Sat., March 23 - The Martian New Year (the time of the Vernal Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere of Mars, beginning Mars Year 35) begins on March 23. Once again, there will be a celebration in the small borough of Mars, Pennsylvania (about 25 miles / 40 kilometers north of Pittsburgh). The New Year on Mars occurs every 686.98 Earth days; the next Martian New Year will occur on 2021 February 7. (Once every 686.98 days): Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3

* Sat., March 23 (1989) - National Near-Miss Day - Apollo Asteroid 1989FC, with a diameter of 300 meters, comes within 690,000 kilometers of the Earth in 1989. (March 23)

* Sat., March 23, 8:35 a.m. EDT / 12:35 UTC - As seen from Earth, Mars enters Constellation Taurus the Bull.

* March 24 to 30 - National Week of the Ocean.

* March 25 to 29 - Flood Safety Awareness Week. (Pennsylvania: March).

* Mon., March 25 - Scheduled launch of India's Chandrayaan-2 mission to the Moon, from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India.

* Mon., March 25 - Feast of the Annunciation observed nine full months before Christmas Day. The Feast of the Annunciation on March 25 (also the Vernal Equinox in the "original" Julian Calendar adopted by the second King of Rome, Numa Pompilius, in the 7th century B.C.) had been considered the beginning of the New Year, until the Gregorian Calendar reform, when Pope Gregory XIII chose the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ (Jan. 1) as the beginning of the New Year in the Roman Catholic Church's Liturgical Year. (March 25)

* Mon., March 25 - Lady Day in England, the first of the four traditional English quarter days, was New Year's Day up to 1752 when, following the move from the Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar, January 1 became the start of the year. Lady Day (for the Virgin Mary) is the traditional name of the Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin (March 25) in some English-speaking countries. (March 25)

* Mon., March 25 - National Medal of Honor Day. (March 25)

* Mon., March 25, 4:06 a.m. EDT / 8:06 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Tue., March 26 - Diabetes Alert Day. (Fourth Tuesday of March)

* Tue., March 26 - Make Up Your Own Holiday Day. (March 26)

* Tue., March 26, 3:43 p.m. EDT / 19:43 UTC - Venus enters Constellation Pisces the Fishes.

* Tue., March 26, 10:00 p.m. EDT / March 27, 2:00 UTC - Jupiter 1.9 degrees south of the Moon (as it appears from Earth, the Moon approaches closest to Jupiter March 27, 4:16 a.m. EDT / 20:16 UTC).

* March 27 to April 5, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Monthly Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Thur., March 28, 12:10 a.m. EDT / 4:10 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Fri., March 29 (1848) - Anniversary: Ice jam stops flow of Niagara Falls for about 30 hours. (March 29)

* Fri., March 29, 1:00 a.m. EDT / 5:00 UTC - Saturn 0.05 degree north of the Moon; occultation: eastern limb of Brazil, southern portion of Africa, Madagascar, southern tip of India, Sri Lanka.

* Fri., March 29, 8:00 a.m. EDT / 12:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.3 degree south of the Moon; occultation: southern and western portions of Mexico, Central America, northern half of South America, Madeira (Portugal), Cape Verde Islands, western limb of Africa .

* Sat., March 30 - Pennsylvania Female Veterans' Day. (March 30)

* Sat., March 30 - National Doctors' Day. (March 30)

* Sat., March 30 - World Bi-Polar Day, International Society for Bi-Polar Disorders, Pittsburgh. (March 30)

* Sat., March 30, 8:30 to 9:30 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - Earth Hour annual environmental observance. (Saturday Late in March, 8:30 to 9:30 p.m. Prevailing Local Time)

* Sun., March 31 - World Back-Up Day. (March 31)

* Sun., March 31 - Last day of Calendar Year First Quarter. (March 31)

* Sun., March 31 - National Crayon Day. (March 31)

* Sun., March 31 (1851) - Anniversary: Jean Leon Foucault first demonstrates, to the general public, in the Pantheon in Paris, the Foucault Pendulum, which is a proof that the Earth rotates on its axis. He had invented the device on 1851 January 8 and first demonstrated it to scientists on 1851 February 3.
Near the end of his life, Jean Leon Foucault also developed the Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope. (March 31)

* Sun., March 31 (1918) - Anniversary: Daylight Saving Time (DST) established in the United States by the Standard Time Act, to conserve energy during World War I, after being promoted by Pittsburgh business and civic leader Robert Garland. However, DST was not popular, and the U.S. Congress repealed the law after the War. (March 31)

* Sun., March 31 (1949) - 70th Anniversary: RCA Victor releases first 45-RPM (revolutions-per-minute) phonograph record format. (March 31)

* Sat., March 31, 8:00 p.m. EDT / April 1, 0:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,013.86403 statute miles / 405,577 kilometers.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 April
Monthly Observances This Month

" April showers bring May flowers !"

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Meteor Shower -
Lyrid: April 22

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory. (Nov. 1 to April 30)

* March 10 to April 12, September 24 through November 5 - Tsunami Preparedness Weeks. (mid-March through April, mid-September through early November)

* March 20 to April 14 - Annual National Cherry Blossom Festival, Washington DC. (~ Vernal Equinox to mid-April)

* March 26 to April 1 - National Week of the Ocean.

* March 27 to April 5, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* March 30 to April 6 - Money Smart Week®. (Last week of April)

* March 31 to April 7 - International Dark-Sky Week. (Week of the New Moon in April)

* Sat., March 31, 8:00 p.m. EDT / April 1, 0:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,013.86403 statute miles / 405,577 kilometers.

* April 1 to 30 - National Kite Month. (April; plus in some years: some days in March and May)

* April 1 to 7 - National Public Health Week. (First week of April)

* Mon., April 1 - First day of calendar year Second Quarter. (April 1)

* 2020 April 1 - NEXT YEAR - U.S. Census Day - As required by the U.S. Constitution, the day once every ten years when a census is taken of all people living in the United States of America.

* Mon., April 1 - April Fools' Day - The end of a week-long (March 25 to April 1) New Year's festival in France during the Middle Ages, until January 1 was declared New Year's Day in 1564. After 1564, people in France who celebrated New Year's on April 1 were considered "April Fools." (April 1)

* Mon., April 1 (1960) - Anniversary of launch of first successful weather satellite, TIROS-1. (April 1)
Also see: Space Race To Create Quantum Satellite.

* Mon., April 1 (1954) - Anniversary of first broadcast of educational television station WQED-TV 13 in Pittsburgh, the nation's first community-supported television station. (April 1)

* Mon., April 1, 7:54 a.m. EDT / 11:54 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Tue., April 2 (1968) - Anniversary: World Premiere of the very influential, science-fiction motion picture, 2001: A Space Odyssey, which was presented in many theaters, including Pittsburgh's Warner Theater, in "Cinerama," an early wide-screen format that preceded the Omnimax format. (April 2)

* Tue., April 2 - Equal Pay Day - This date symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men earned in the previous year. (Early to mid-April)

* Tue., April 2 - Light It Up Blue, in North America, is dedicated to raising awareness of autism (April 2) / World Autism Awareness Day. (April 2)

* Tue., April 2 - Reconciliation Day. (April 2)

* Tue., April 2, 12:00 Midnight EDT / 4:00 UTC - Venus 3 degrees north of the Moon (as it appears in Earth's sky, Moon moves closest 6:15 a.m. EDT / 10:15 UTC).

* Tue., April 2, 3:00 p.m. EDT / 19:00 UTC - Mercury 0.4 degree north of Neptune.

* Tue., April 2, 7:00 p.m. EDT / 23:00 UTC - Mercury 4 degrees north of the Moon.

* Wed., April 3 - Global Day of the Engineer. (Early April: First Wednesday of April)

* Wed., April 3 - National Walking Day / Move More in April. (First Wednesday of April)

* Wed., April 3 (1513) - Anniversary of the Discovery of Florida by Ponce de Leon. (April 3)

* Thur., April 4 - Anniversary: Assassination of American Baptist Minister and civil rights activist Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (April 4)
Dr. King's writing on how small the Earth is, compared to the great expanse of the Universe.

* Thur., April 4 - Land-Mine Awareness Day. (April 4)

* Fri., April 5, 4:50 a.m. EDT / 8:50 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1191.

* April 6 to 14 - National Robotics Week. (Early to mid-April)

* Sat., April 6 (2019) - GPS Week Number Roll-Over Event on Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) derived from GPS devices. The potential problem revolves around the way that GPS handles the week element of the data that forms part of the navigation signal; specifically the CNAV and MNAV message types. The week number is encoded into the data stream by a 10-bit field. A binary 10-bit word can represent a maximum of 1,024 weeks, which is approximately 19.7 years. Each 19.7 year period is known in GPS terms as an “epoch”. At the end of each epoch the receiver resets the week number to zero and starts counting again – a new epoch begins. The first epoch started when GPS was launched in January 1980; hence the first epoch of GPS time came to an end on 21st August 1999. As we approach the end of the second epoch, which will fall on 6th April 2019, we may well see problems caused by the rollover. Some GPS receivers, or other systems that utilise the date and time function, may not be able to cope.

* Sat., April 6 (1965) - Anniversary of launch of Early Bird satellite (Intelsat I), first commercial communications satellite placed in a geo-stationary orbit above the Earth. (April 6)

* Sat., April 6 (1917) - Anniversary of United States entry into World War I. (April 6)

* Sat., April 6 - Tartan Day - Celebration of Scottish heritage. (April 6)

* Sat., April 6 - Park Day - Annual hands-on preservation event to help Civil War — and now Revolutionary War — battlefields and historic sites take on maintenance projects large and small. (First Saturday of April)

* April 7 to 13 - National Library Week. (Second week of April)

* April 7 to 13 - National Volunteer Week. (Mid-April)

* April 7 to 13 - U.S. CFTC’s SmartCheck Week - To Emphasize Continual Background Checks of Financial Professionals. (Second week of April)

* April 7 to 13 - National Crime Victims' Rights Week. (Early to mid-April)

* April 7 to 13 - National Dog-Bite Prevention Week. (Second full week of April)

* Sun., April 7 - National Alcohol Screening Day (Early April: April 7)

* Sun., April 7 - Good Deeds Day. (Sunday in late March or early to mid-April)

* Sun., April 7 - No Housework Day. (April 7)

* Sun., April 7, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time (Daylight Saving Time) - DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME CONTINUES - Change in Federal law, thus that change from Standard Time to Daylight Saving Time occured the second Sunday in March: 2:00 a.m. Standard Time then became 3:00 a.m. Daylight Saving Time on the second Sunday in March. (Previously, first Sunday of April)
Some States to Abandon Daylight Saving Time ?
Science of Daylight Saving Time.

* April 8 to 12 - The Week of the Young Child™. (Mid-April)

* April 8 to 14 - Pan American Week. (Week of April 14, Pan American Day)

* April 8 to 12 - National Work Zone Awareness Week. (Early to mid-April)

* April 8 to 12 - National Retirement Planning Week®. (Early to mid-April)

Mon., April 8 - Scheduled Space-Walk (7 hours) outside of International Space Station: NASA astronaut Anne McClain and Canadian Space Agency astronaut David Saint-Jacques (NASA-TV for live coverage beginning 6:30 a.m. EDT / 10:30 UTC).

* Tue., April 9 - National Library Workers Day. (Tuesday of National Library Week)

* Tue., April 9 (1865) - American Civil War ended with the surrender by Confederate General Robert E. Lee. (April 9)
Also see the Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall in Carnegie, Pennsylvania.

* Tue., April 9, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC - Mars 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Tue., April 9, 9:00 p.m. EDT / April 10, 1:00 UTC - Asteroid 2 Pallas at opposition (Pallas visible approx. local sunset to local sunrise).

* Wed., April 10 - National Bookmobile Day. (Wednesday of National Library Week)

* Wed., April 10 (1996) - World record fastest wind gust on the Earth's surface (not related to a tornado) recorded by automated, unstaffed weather instrument station on Australia's Barrow Island during Tropical Cyclone Olivia: 253 miles per hour. (April 10)
Also see: Western and Northern Hemispheres' record fastest wind gust on the Earth's surface.

* Wed., April 10 - Siblings Day. (April 10)

* Wed., April 10 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Wed., April 10, 12:00 Midnight EDT / 4:00 UTC - Venus 0.3 degree south of Neptune.

* Thur., April 11 - Planned landing of Israel's SpaceIL's Beresheet mission on the Moon. If successful, Israel will become the fourth nation to land a spacecraft on the Moon.

* Thur., April 11 - Teen Literature Day. (Thursday of National Library Week)

* Thur., April 11 - National Pet Day. (April 11)

* Fri., April 12 (1961) - International Day of Human Space Flight - Anniversary of when Russia launched the first human into space and orbit of the Earth, Yuri Gagarin. (April 12)

* Fri., April 12 (1981) - First launch of an American Space Shuttle (STS), Columbia. (April 12)

* Fri., April 12 (1934) - World record fastest wind gust on the Earth's surface (not related to a tornado), until 1996 April 10, recorded at Mount Washington Weather Observatory, New Hampshire: 231 miles per hour. This is still the fastest wind gust on the Earth's surface (not related to a tornado) recorded in the Western Hemisphere and in the Northern Hemisphere, and the fastest wind gust on the Earth's surface (not related to a tornado) observed by humans. (April 12)
Also see: World record fastest wind gust on the Earth's surface.

* Fri., April 12 (1955) - Announcement of successful polio vaccine, developed by University of Pittsburgh virology researcher Dr. Jonas Salk. (April 12)

* Fri., April 12 (1861) - The American Civil War began. (April 12)
Also see the Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall in Carnegie, Pennsylvania.

* Fri., April 12 - Drop Everything and Read Day in honor of the birthday of children's author Beverly Cleary. (April 12)

* Fri., April 12, 3:06 p.m. EDT / 19:06 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Sat., April 13 - Citizen Science Day. (April 13)

* Sat., April 13 - Scrabble Day. (April 13)

* Sat., April 13 - FND International Awareness Day - Regarding Functional neurological symptom disorder (FNsD). (April 13)

* Sat., April 13 (1970), 10:07:53 p.m. EST / April 14, 3:07:53 UTC (Note: In 1970, Daylight Saving Time did not begin until April 26) - Apollo 13 aborted mission to land on the Moon after an oxygen tank explosion severely crippled the spacecraft. After a 1970 April 11 launch, the three astronauts, James A. Lovell, John A. "Jack" Swigert, and Fred W. Haise, returned safely to Earth on 1970 April 17. Due to the plan to return Apollo 13 to Earth, after going around the Moon, the Apollo 13 astronauts flew farther from Earth than any other humans, to-date. (April 13)

* Sat., April 13 - Be My Neighbor Day Volunteer Day in Pittsburgh. (2nd Saturday in April)

* Sat., April 13, 5:00 p.m. EDT / 21:00 UTC - Earth's Moon visible, as seen in the sky, in the Beehive Open Star Cluster.

* April 14 to 15 (1865) - Assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. (April 14 to 15)
Also see the Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall in Carnegie, Pennsylvania.

* April 14 to 20 - National Minority Cancer Awareness Week. (Third week of April)

* April 14 to 22 - Holy Week. (Week of Palm Sunday through Holy Saturday; Traditionally, also including Easter Sunday, and possibly including Easter Monday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Sun., April 14 - Palm Sunday. (Sunday before Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Sun., April 14 - Pan American Day. (April 14)

* Sun., April 14 (1970), 7:21 p.m. EST / April 15, 0:21 UTC (Note: In 1970, Daylight Saving Time did not begin until April 26) - Due to the Moon being nearly at apogee (farthest point in lunar orbit from the Earth, for month of 1970 April), the Apollo 13 astronauts became the first humans to travel farther from the Earth than any other humans, which is still true to-date; distance from Earth: 248,655 mile / 400,171 kilometers. This record was necessary, due to the abort of the lunar landing mission of Apollo 13. (April 14)

* Sun., April 14 (1912), 11:40 p.m. (Ship Time) Anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Titanic on the ship's maiden voyage. (April 14)
Also see: Titanic Sunk by the Moon?

* Mid-April - Big Night for Spring Peepers - First night (or first several nights), after the ground has thawed, with temperatures ~ +40 to +50 degrees Fahrenheit (F), and it rains, when there is a massive migration of frogs and salamanders in New Hampshire and other New England states. (Mid-April)

* Mon., April 15 - Tax Day (USA) - Individual Federal tax returns due or postmarked by end of day. (April 15, unless delayed by a holiday)

* Mon., April 15 - Patriots' Day. (Third Monday of April)

* Mon., April 15, 12:00 Noon LOCAL SUN TIME - In the middle of April of each year, Sundial Time and Local Clock Time are in general agreement, for locales which lie on a Time-Zone Meridian (such as Philadelphia, which lies on the Eastern Time Zone Meridian, or Greenwich, England, which lies on the Greenwich Time Zone Meridian or Prime Meridian). (~ April 15)

* April 16 to 22 - Earth Week. (Week leading to and including Earth Day, April 22: April 16 to 22)

* Tue., April 16 - National Healthcare Decisions Day. (April 16)

* Tue., April 16 - National Stress Awareness Day. (April 16)

* Tue., April 16 - World Voice Day. (April 16)

* Tue., April 16, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 226,306 statute miles / 364,205 kilometers.

* Wed., April 17 - Holy Wednesday. (Wednesday before Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Wed., April 17 - World Hemophilia Day. (April 17)

* Wed., April 17 - Blah, Blah, Blah Day. (April 17)

* Thur., April 18 - Maundy Thursday / Holy Thursday. (Thursday before Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Thur., April 18 - Electrical Lineman Appreciation Day. (April 18)

* Thur., April 18 - Venus at aphelion.

* April 19, local sunset to April 27, local sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh - April 19, 8:03 p.m. EDT / April 20, 0:03 UTC; April 27, 8:11 p.m. EDT / April 28, 0:11 UTC) - Jewish festival of Passover.

* Fri., April 19 - Good Friday. (Friday before Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Fri., April 19, 7:12 a.m. EDT / 11:12 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon. (Pink Moon)

* April 20 to 28 - National Park Week. (Third or fourth week of April, including both weekends)

* Sat., April 20 - National Junior Ranger Day. (Saturday in National Park Week)

* April 20, Nov. 29 - Record Store Day. (Second or third Saturday in April & Black Friday in November)

* Sat., April 20 - Holy Saturday. (Saturday before Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Sat., April 20 (1946) - Dissolution of the League of Nations; succeeded by the United Nations (UN), which was formed on 1945 October 24. (April 20)

* Sat., April 20, Evening - World Night in Defence of the Starlight. (April 20, Evening)

* April 21 to 27 - National Sky Awareness Week (SAW), a week set-aside to “look up” and to see the myriad of cloud patterns and formations that grace the sky. (Last full week of April)

* April 21 to 27 - Preservation Week for library and archive materials. (Last week of April)

* April 21 to 27 - National Infertility Awareness Week®. (Last week of April)

* April 21 to 27 - Administrative Professionals Week. (Last full week of April)

* April 21 to 27 - National Re-entry Week. (Last week of April)

* Sun., April 21 (Sunrise in Pittsburgh: 6:33 a.m. EDT / 10:33 UTC) - Easter Sunday. [46 days after Ash Wednesday; the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the March equinox (ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on March 21, even though the equinox occurs, astronomically speaking, on March 20 in most years)]
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Sun., April 21 - Orthodox Palm Sunday. (Sunday before Orthodox Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* April 22 to 26 - National Environmental Education Week. (EE Week - Week near Earth Day: April 22)

* April 22 to 26 - Severe Weather Awareness Week. (Pennsylvania: Mid-April)

* Mon., April 22 - Easter Monday. (Monday after Easter Sunday)
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Mon., April 22 - Earth Day. (April 22)

* Mon., April 22 (1994) - Announcement of discovery of the Top Quark, the most massive of all observed elementary particles. (April 22)

* Mon., April 22, 7:00 p.m. EDT / 23:00 UTC - Uranus in conjunction with the Sun (Uranus not visible, even with a telescope).

* Mon., April 22, 8:00 p.m. EDT / April 23, 0:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Lyrid Meteor Shower. (April 22)

* Tue., April 23 - World Laboratory Day. (April 23)

* Tue., April 23 - World Book and Copyright Day / World Book Night. (April 23)

* Tue., April 23, 8:00 a.m. EDT / 12:00 UTC - Jupiter 1.6 degrees south of the Moon (as it appears in Earth's sky, Moon moves closest 3:05 a.m. EDT / 7:05 UTC).

* April 24 to 30 - World Immunization Week. (April 24 to 30)

* Wed., April 24 (1800) - Library of Congress established by an act of the U.S. Congress. (April 24)

* Wed., April 24 - Administrative Professionals Day. (Wednesday of Administrative Professionals' Week, last full week of April)

* April 25 to May 4, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Thur., April 25 (1953) - DNA Day - Commemorates the day in 1953 when James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin, and colleagues published papers in the journal Nature on the structure of DNA. (April 25)

* Thur., April 25 - World Penguin Day. (April 25)

* Thur., April 25 - World Malaria Day. (April 25)

* Thur., April 25 - National Take Our Daughters and Sons To Work Day. (Fourth Thursday of April)

* Thur., April 25, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Saturn 0.4 degree north of the Moon; occultation: western portion of South America, eastern portion of Australia, New Zealand.

* Thur., April 25, 4:00 p.m. EDT / 20:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.1 degree south of the Moon; occultation: Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia, Melanesia, southeastern portion of Micronesia, northwestern portion of Polynesia.

* Fri., April 26 (1920) - The 1920 Great Debate on the Scale of the Universe between Harlow Shapley of the Mount Wilson Observatory (who gave the keynote address at the 1941 dedication of the rather unique 10-inch Siderostat-Type Refractor Telescope at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science) and Allegheny Observatory Director Heber D. Curtis. (April 26)

* Fri., April 26 - Arbor Day - National Arbor Day Foundation. (Last Friday of April)

* Fri., April 26 - Teach Children to Save Day. (Last Friday of April)

* Fri., April 26 - World Intellectual Property Day. (April 26)

* Fri., April 26 - Help a Horse Day. (April 26)

* Fri., April 26, 6:18 p.m. EDT / 22:18 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* April 27 to May 4 - National Infant Immunization Week (NIIW). (Mid-to-late April)

* Sat., April 27 - Save the Frogs Day. (Last Saturday in April)
Also see news article.

* Sat., April 27, 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - National Prescription Drug Take-Back Day sponsored by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. (Last Saturday in April)

* April 28 to May 6 (2001) - First Outer Space Tourist: Dennis Tito. (April 28 to May 6)

* April 28, 29 - Holocaust Remembrance Days (USA). (April 28, 29)

* Sun., April 28 (Sunrise in Pittsburgh: 6:23 a.m. EDT / 10:23 UTC) - Orthodox Easter Sunday. [46 days after Orthodox Ash Wednesday; the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the March equinox (ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on March 21, even though the equinox occurs, astronomically speaking, on March 20 in most years)]
Will Christians Agree to Fix the Date of Easter?

* Sun., April 28, 2:00 p.m. EDT / 18:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 251,395 statute miles / 404,582 kilometers.

* Sun., April 28 - Workers' Memorial Day. (April 28)

* April 30, Sept. 30 - National PrepareAthon ! Day - Day to emphasize preparation for disasters and emergencies. (April 30, Sept. 30)

* Tue., April 30 - International Jazz Day. (April 30)

* Wed., May 1 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Spring season. (May 1)
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Sun., May 5, 2:58 p.m. EDT / 18:58 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Spring season (~May 5-6).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 May
Monthly Observances This Month

" April showers bring May flowers !"

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Meteor Shower -
n-Aquarid (Eta Aquarid): May 4 to 7

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Science Experiments Children & Teens Can Do At Home !

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* April 25 to May 4, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* April 28 to May 6 (2001) - First Outer Space Tourist: Dennis Tito. (April 28 to May 6)

* April 29 to May 3 - Bi-annual Planetary Defense Conference (defense against asteroid strikes), sponsored by the International Academy of Astronautics, in suburban Washington DC.

* April 29 to May 5 (2019: Centennial) - Children's Book Week (Last week of April and / or first week of May, beginning on Monday; Moved from 2007 Nov. 12 to 18).

* May 1 to 7 - Choose Privacy Week. (May 1 to 7)

* Wed., May 1 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Spring season. (May 1)
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Wed., May 1 - Law Day. (May 1)

* Wed., May 1 - Loyalty Day. (May 1)

* Wed., May 1 - Bike to School Day. (First Wed. in May)

* Thur., May 2, 8:00 a.m. EDT / 12:00 UTC - Venus 4 degrees north of the Moon (as it appears in the sky, Moon moves closest to Venus 5:35 a.m. EDT / 9:35 UTC).

* Thur., May 2, 9:00 a.m. EDT / 13:00 UTC - Asteroid 4 Vesta 0.2 degree south of the Moon; occultation: Galapagos Islands, northern portion of South America, Azore Islands, Cape Verde Islands, northwestern portion of Africa, southern portion of Europe.

* Fri., May 3 - International Space Day: Link 1 *** Link 2. (First Friday in May)

* Fri., May 3 - Sun Day. (May 3)

* Fri., May 3 - World Press Freedom Day (May 3).

* Fri., May 3 - Password Day. (May 3)

* Fri., May 3 (1971) - Anniversary of the National Public Radio (NPR) news program, "All Things Considered" (ATC). (May 3)

* Fri., May 3 - National Day of Prayer. (~ May 3)

* Fri., May 3, 2:00 a.m. EDT / 6:00 UTC - Mercury 3 degrees north of the Moon.

* Sat., May 4 - "Star Wars" Day - "May the Fourth Be With You." (May 4)

* Sat., May 4 - Bird Day - Created in 1894 in the Western Pennsylvania community of Oil City. (May 4)

* Sat., May 4 - Greenery Day / Japan Arbor Day. (May 4)

* Sat., May 4 - National Wildfire Community Preparedness Day. (First Saturday in May)

* Sat., May 4 - National Scrapbooking Day. (First Saturday in May)

* Sat., May 4 - National Comic Book Day. (First Saturday in May)

* Sat., May 4, 6:45 p.m. EDT / 22:45 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1192.

* May 5, Sunset to June 4, Sunset (In Pittsburgh - May 5 Sunset: 8:19 p.m. EDT / May 6, 0:19 UTC; June 4 Sunset: 8:46 p.m. EDT / June 5, 0:46 UTC) - Month of observance of Ramadan in the Islamic religion. The month, based on the lunar cycle, lasts 29 to 30 days, dependent on visual sightings of the New Crescent Moon.

* May 5 to 11 - Public Service Recognition Week (PSRW). (First full week of May)

* May 5 to 11 - National PTA Teacher Appreciation Week. (First full school-week of May)

* May 5 to 11 - North American Occupational Safety and Health Week. (First full week of May)

* May 5 to 11 - Arson Awareness Week. (First full week of May)

* May 5 to 11 - Hurricane Preparedness Week. (Mid-May)

* May 5 to 11 - National Travel and Tourism Week. (First full week of May)

* May 5 to 11 - National Small Business Week. (End of April, beginning of May)

* Sun., May 5 - National Astronaut Day. (May 5)

* Sun., May 5 - Cinco de Mayo. (Mexico: May 5)

* Sun., May 5, 9:00 a.m. EDT / 13:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of n-Aquarid (Eta Aquarid) Meteor Shower - remnants from Halley's Comet. (May 4 to 7)

* Sun., May 5, 2:58 p.m. EDT / 18:58 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Spring season (~May 5-6).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* May 6 to 10 - Small Worlds Week - NASA celebrates the Solar System's two smallest planets: Mercury and Mars. (First school-week of May)

* May 6 to 12 - International Astronomy Week. (Begins on the Monday preceding the Saturday designated as Astronomy Day)

* May 6 to 12 - National Nurses Week (from May 6, also known as National Nurses Day, through May 12, the birthday of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing).

* Mon., May 6 - National Nurses Day / National RN Recognition Day (May 6).

* Mon., May 6 - Read Your Farmers’ Almanac In The Bathroom Day. (May 6)

* Mon., May 6 - Give Local America Day to raise money for local non-profit organizations. (First Monday or Tuesday of May)

* Mon., May 6 - National Tourist Appreciation Day. (May 6)

* Mon., May 6, 2:25 p.m. EDT / 18:25 UTC - Mercury enters Constellation Taurus the Bull.

* Tue., May 7 - National Teacher Day. (Tuesday of Teacher Appreciation Week)

* Tue., May 7 - World Password Day. (May 7)

* Tue., May 7 - World Asthma Day. (First Tuesday in May)

* Tue., May 7, 8:00 p.m. EDT / May 8, 0:00 UTC - Mars 3 degrees north of the Moon (as it appears in the sky, the Moon moves closest to Mars 9:30 p.m. EDT / May 8, 1:30 UTC).

* Wed., May 8 (1828) - World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day. (May 8)

* Wed., May 8 (1945) - Victory in Europe Day. (May 8)

* Wed., May 8 - National School Nurse Day. (Wednesday Of National Nurses Week)

* Wed., May 8 - National Student Nurses Day. (Wednesday Of National Nurses Week - originally May 8)

* Fri., May 10, 10:00 p.m. EDT / May 11, 2:00 UTC - Moon in Beehive Open Star Cluster.

* Saturday - May 11, Oct. 5 - Astronomy Day. [Saturday closest to First Quarter Primary Phase of the Moon, in April or May (Spring - Saturday of Astronomy Week) and in September or October (Autumn)]: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3

* May 11 to 19 - Armed Forces Week. (USA: Second Saturday to Sunday of following week in May)

* Sat., May 11 - International Migratory Bird Day. (Second Saturday in May)

* Sat., May 11 - National Train Day. (Celebrated on the Saturday closest to the anniversary of the driving of the Golden Spike for the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States of America: 1869 May 10)

* Sat., May 11 - Stamp-Out Hunger Food Drive. (Second Saturday of May)

* Sat., May 11 - World Fair Trade Day. (Second Saturday of May)

* Sat., May 11, 9:12 p.m. EDT / May 12, 1:12 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* May 12 to 18 - Food Allergy Awareness Week (FAAW).

* May 12 to 18 - National Police Week. [Week including National Peace Officers' Memorial Day (May 15)]

* May 12 to 18 - National Transportation Week / National Defense Transportation Week. [Week in which National Defense Transportation Day falls (Friday)]

* May 12 to 18 - Women's Health Week. (Week that begins on Mothers' Day)

* May 12 to 18 - Bicycle Week / Bike-to-Work Week. (Second week of May)

* May 12 to 18 - National Hospital Week: Link 1 *** Ma Mothers' Day. (Second Sunday in May)

* Sun., May 12 - National Lab Day. (May 12)

* Sun., May 12 - International Nurses Day, the birth date of pioneering nurse Florence Nightingale, and the end of the annual Nurses Week. (May 12)

* Sun., May 12 - Limerick Day. (May 12)

* May 13 to 17 - Neuropathy Awareness Week. (Second full week of week-days in May)

* Mon., May 13 (1611) - “Galileo Confirmation Day,” anniversary of the day Jesuit priests held a banquet in honor of Galileo Galilei, for his discovery of four moons orbiting the planet Jupiter. (May 13)

* Mon., May 13 - Women's Checkup Day. (Monday after Mothers' Day - Monday of Women's Health Week)

* Mon., May 13, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 229,291.56228 statute miles / 369,009 kilometers.

* May 15 to September 30 - Recreational Boating Season. (May 15 to Sept. 30)

* Wed., May 15 - National Peace Officers' Memorial Day. (May 15)

* Wed., May 15 - International Day of Families. (May 15)

* May 16 to 23 - Infrastructure Week. (MId-May)

* Thur., May 16 - Global Accessibility Awareness Day. (Third Thursday in May)

* Thur., May 16, 4:53 a.m. EDT / 8:53 UTC - Mars enters Constellation Gemini the Twins.

* Fri., May 17 - National Defense Transportation Day. (Third Friday in May - Friday of National Defense Transportation Week)

* Fri., May 17 - Bike-to-Work Day. (Third Friday in May)

* Fri., May. 17 - Wear Your Life-Jacket to Work Day. (Friday before the beginning of Safe Boating Week)

* May 18 to 24 - National Safe Boating Week in the beginning of the Recreational Boating Season. (First full week before Memorial Day Weekend)

* Sat., May 18 - Armed Forces Day. (USA: Third Saturday in May)

* Sat., May 18 - International Museum Day. (May 18)

* Sat., May 18 - Visit Your Relatives Day. (May 18)

* Sat., May 18, 4:00 a.m. EDT / 8:00 UTC - Venus 1.2 degrees south of Uranus.

* Sat., May 18, 5:11 p.m. EDT / 21:11 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Flower Moon.
Blue Moon, as this is the third Full Moon in one calendar season.

* May 19 to 25 - Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Week. (Third full week of May)

* Sun., May 19 - National May Ray Day This is a day to be outside, enjoying the sunshine and soaking up some rays from our nearest star. (May 19)

* Sun., May. 19 - Hepatitis Testing Day. (May 19)

* Sun., May 19, 12:00 Noon EDT / 16:00 UTC - Mars 0.2 degree north of Messier 35 Open Star Cluster.

* Sun., May 19, 2:00 p.m. EDT / 18:00 UTC - Asteroid & Dwarf Planet Ceres 1.2 degrees north of the Moon; occultation: portions of Antarctica.

* May 20 to May 27 - National Tire Safety Week.

* Mon., May 20 (1877) - Anniversary: The Duquesne Incline cable car railway in Pittsburgh. (May 20)

* Mon., May 20 - Weights and Measures Day. (May 20)

* Mon., May 20 - Endangered Species Day. (May 20)

* Mon., May 20 - Food Revolution Day. (May 20)

* Mon., May 20 - Victoria Day - In Canada, informally considered the beginning of the Summer season. (Last Monday before May 25)

* Mon., May 20, 5:28 a.m. EDT / 9:28 UTC - Mercury farthest from Earth.

* Mon., May 20, 1:00 p.m. EDT / 17:00 UTC - Jupiter 1.7 degrees south of the Moon.

* Tue., May 21 (1881) - Founding of the American Red Cross. (May 21)

* Tue., May 21 (1927) - Charles Lindbergh completes first solo trans-Atlantic flight and first non-stop flight between the Americas and main-land Europe, when landing in Paris in his Spirit of St. Louis airplane. (May 21)

* Tue., May 21 - World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development. (UN: May 21)

* Tue., May 21, 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. EDT / 11:00 UTC to May 21, 0:00 UTC - Primary Election Day: Pennsylvania (Third Tuesday in May except during Presidential Election Years when it is held on the Fourth Tuesday in April).

* Tue., May 21, 9:07 a.m. EDT / 13:07 UTC - Mercury at superior conjunction.

* Wed., May 22 - National Maritime Day. (May 22)
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science displayed the largest Mercator's Projection Map of the World, originally produced by the U.S. Maritime Commission for display at the 1939 World's Fair in New York City.

* Wed., May 22 - Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC) Day. [Wednesday of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Week]

* Wed., May 22, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Saturn 0.5 degree north of the Moon; occultation: southern tip of Africa, eastern portions of Antarctica, Kerguelen Islands, most of Australia, southern portion of New Zealand.

* Thur., May 23 - World Turtle Day. (May 23)

* Thur., May 23 - World Crohn's and Colitis Day. (May 23)

* Thur., May 23, 12:00 Midnight EDT / 4:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.1 degree north of the Moon; occultation: central portion of South America, southern and eastern portions of Africa.

* Thur., May 23, 2:49 a.m. EDT / 6:49 UTC - As it appears in the sky, the Moon moves close to Saturn.

* Thur., May 23, 9:00 p.m. EDT / May 24, 1:00 UTC - NBC-TV - Red Nose Day / Comedy Day. (Fourth Thursday in May)

* Fri., May 24 - Don't Fry Day - The National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention Encourages Sun Safety Awareness. (Friday before Memorial Day).

* Fri., May 24 - Mercury at perihelion.

* May 25 to June 3, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Sat., May 25 (1961) - Anniversary of when U.S. President John F. Kennedy, in a special speech before a joint session of the U.S. Congress, proposes a new national goal: "First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth." (May 25)

* Sat., May 25 - National Missing Children's Day. (May 25)

* Sun., May 26, 9:00 a.m. EDT / 13:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 251,119.71089 statute miles / 404,138 kilometers.

* Sun., May 26, 12:34 p.m. EDT / 16:34 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* May 27 to June 2 - National Tire Safety Week.

* Sun., May 27, 2:00 p.m. EDT / 18:00 UTC - Jupiter 4 degrees south of the Moon (close approach 3:53 p.m. EDT / 19:53 UTC).

* Mon., May 27 - Memorial Day. (USA: Last Monday in May)
Originally observed as Decoration Day. (USA: May 30)

* Tue., May 28, 7:00 p.m. EDT / 23:00 UTC - Asteroid & Dwarf Planet Ceres at opposition (Ceres visible with a telescope; rises approx. local sunset and sets approx. local sunrise).

* Wed., May 29 - National Senior Health & Fitness Day. (Last Wednesday in May)

* Wed., May 29 - 529 College Savings Programs Day. (May 29)

* Wed., May 29, 8:13 p.m. EDT / May 30, 0:13 UTC - Manhattan-Henge - View of Half Sun on the Manhattan, New York City, east--west street grid: Link 1 *** Link 2. (May 29, July 13)

* Thur., May 30, 8:12 p.m. EDT / May 31, 0:12 UTC - Manhattan-Henge - View of Full Sun on the Manhattan, New York City, east--west street grid: Link 1 *** Link 2. (May 30, July 12)

* Thur., May 30 - Decoration Day. (USA: May 30)
Now observed as Memorial Day. (USA: Last Monday in May)

* Thur., May 30, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Asteroid 4 Vesta 0.6 degree south of the Moon; occultation: portions of Indonesia, eastern portion of Africa, northwestern portion of Micronesia, Aleutian Islands of Alaska, northwestern portion of North America.

* Fri., May 31 - World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). (May 31)

* Fri., May 31, 6:00 a.m. EDT / 10:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 June
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Meteor Shower -- Arietid: peaks June 8.

Summer Solstice: June 20 to 22

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Science Experiments Children & Teens Can Do At Home !

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* May 5, Sunset to June 4, Sunset (In Pittsburgh - May 5 Sunset: 8:19 p.m. EDT / May 6, 0:19 UTC; June 4 Sunset: 8:46 p.m. EDT / June 5, 0:46 UTC) - Month of observance of Ramadan in the Islamic religion. The month lasts 29 to 30 days, dependent on visual sightings of the New Crescent Moon.

* May 15 to September 30 - Recreational Boating Season. (May 15 to Sept. 30)

* May 25 to June 3, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map. (Monthly)

* May 27 to June 2 - Camping & Caravanning Week. (End of May / Beginning of June)

* May 27 to June 2 - National Tire Safety Week.(End of May / Beginning of June)

* June 1 to 7 - National CPR and AED Awareness Week. (June 1 to 7)

* Sat., June 1 - Beginning of Meteorological Season of Summer in Northern Hemisphere / Meteorological Season of Winter in Southern Hemisphere. (June 1)

* Sat., June 1 - Beginning of Hurricane Season in the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. (June 1)

* Sat., June 1 - International Children's Day. (June 1)

* Sat., June 1 - Global Day of Parents. (June 1)

* Sat., June 1 - National Trails Day®. (First Saturday in June)

* Sat., June 1 - Name Tag Day. (First Saturday in June)
Pittsburgh Name Tag Day Event.

* Sat., June 1, 2:00 p.m. EDT / 18:00 UTC - Venus 3 degrees north of the Moon.

* Sun., June 2 - National Gun Violence Awareness Day. (June 2)

* Sun., June 2 - National Cancer Survivors Day®. (First Sunday in June)

* Mon., June 3 - World Bicycle Day (UN). (June 3)

* Mon., June 3, 6:02 a.m. EDT / 10:02 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1193.

* Tue., June 4 (1784) - French woman is first woman ride in a free-floating balloon. (June 4)

* Tue., June 4, 12:00 Noon EDT / 16:00 UTC - Mercury 4 degrees north of the Moon.

* Tue., June 4, 4:04 p.m. EDT / 20:04 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Mercury enters Constellation Cancer the Crab.

* Tue., June 4, 8:29 p.m. EDT / June 5, 0:29 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Wed., June 5 - Reset the Net Day for privacy on the Internet. (June 5)

* Wed., June 5 - United Nations World Environment Day. (June 5)
( For 2010 United Nations World Environment Day Host City for North America: Pittsburgh.)

* Wed., June 5, 11:00 a.m. EDT / 15:00 UTC - Mars 1.6 degrees north of the Moon.

* Wed., June 5, 9:00 p.m. EDT / June 6, 1:00 UTC - Mercury 1.2 degrees north of M35 Open Star Cluster.

* Thur., June 6 (1944) - 75th Anniversary: D-Day Allied invasion of Normandy during World War II. (June 6)

* Thur., June 6 (1968) - Anniversary: Assassination of U.S. Senator (D-NY) and Presidential Candidate Robert F. Kennedy. (June 6)

* Fri., June 7 - National Donut Day - Created by The Salvation Army in Chicago in 1938 to honor those of their members who served doughnuts to soldiers during World War I. (First Friday of June)

* Fri., June 7, 4:00 a.m. EDT / 8:00 UTC - Moon in Beehive Open Star Cluster.

* Fri., June 7, 7:00 p.m. EDT / 23:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 228,977 statute miles / 368,504 kilometers.

* June 8, Sunset to June 10, Sunset (In Pittsburgh - May 19 Sunset: 8:33 p.m. EDT / May 20, 0:33 UTC; May 21 Sunset: 8:35 p.m. EDT / May 22, 0:35 UTC) - Observance of Shavuot in the Hebrew religion. The observance begins and ends at Sunset.

* Sat., June 8 - World Oceans Day. (June 8)

* Sat., June 8 (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Arietid Meteor Shower. (June 7 to 9)

* Sat., June 8 - National Get Outdoors Day. (Second Saturday in June)

* Sat., June 8, 9:37 p.m. EDT / June 9, 1:37 UTC - Venus enters Constellation Gemini the Twins.

* June 9 to 15 - OSHA Safe and Sound Week. (Second week of June)

* June 9 to 15 - National Flag Week. (Week including Flag Day, June 14)

* June 9 to 15 - Work-Force Development Week. (Second week of June)

* Sun., June 9 - National Children's Day. (Second Sunday in June)

* June 10 to 16 - Men's Health Week. (Week leading to and including Father's Day)

* Mon., June 10, 1:59 a.m. EDT / 5:59 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Mon., June 10, 12:00 Noon EDT / 16:00 UTC - Jupiter at opposition (Jupiter visible approx. local sunset to local sunrise, weather-permitting) (Jupiter closest to Earth June 11, 11:38 p.m. EDT / June 12, 3:38 UTC).

* Tue., June 11 (1638; originally recorded as June 1 O.S. of the Julian Calendar) - First earthquake recorded in North America: New England / St. Lawrence Valley region. (June 11)

* Tue., June 11 (1997) - First photograph taken by a cellular telephone camera / Birth of Camera-Phone. (June 11)

* Tue., June 11, 11:33 p.m. EDT / June 12, 3:33 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Wed., June 12 - International NASH Day to raise awareness about non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis & Fatty Liver Disease. (June 12)

* June 14 to 21 - Cephalopod Week highlighting sea creatures including squids and octopi. (Science Friday / National Public Radio: 3rd week of June, dating Friday to Friday)

* Fri., June 14 (1777) - Flag Day - USA. Anniversary of date U.S. Congress adopted 13 stars and 13 stripes as the American flag; now flag includes 50 stars for each of the 50 states in the Union. (June 14)

* Fri., June 14 - At mid-northern latitudes (~40 degrees North Latitude, which is the latitude of Pittsburgh), earliest sunrise of the year (Pittsburgh - earliest sunrise: 5:49 a.m. EDT / 9:49 UTC). (June 14)

* Fri., June 14 - Wear Blue (Friday) Day to show their concern for the health and wellbeing of boys and men. (Friday of Men's Health Week / Friday before Fathers' Day)

* Fri., June 14 - World Blood Donor Day. (June 14)

* Sat., June 15 (1215) - Anniversary of the Magna Carta, also known as The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, originally issued. (June 15)

* Sat., June 15, 11:00 a.m. EDT / 15:00 UTC - Asteroid & Dwarf Planet 1 Ceres 0.9 degree south of the Moon; occultation: central and eastern portions of Russia, northeastern portion of Kazakhstan, northern and eastern portions of China, Japan.

* June 16 to 22 - Fire-Fighter Safety Stand-Down Week / Fire and Emergency Services Safety and Health Week. (Third week of June)

* Sun., June 16 - International Sun-Day, a celebration of Astronomy and our planet's very important star, the Sun. (Sunday near the Summer Solstice)

* Sun., June 16 - Fathers' Day. (Third Sunday in June)

* Sun., June 16 - Bloomsday - Commemoration and celebration of the life of Irish writer James Joyce, during which the events of his novel Ulysses (which is set on 1904 June 16) are relived. (June 16)

* Sun., June 16, 3:00 p.m. EDT / 19:00 UTC - Jupiter 2.0 degrees south of the Moon (as it appears in the sky, the Moon moves closest to Jupiter 10:16 p.m. EDT / June 17, 2:16 UTC).

* June 17 to 23 - National Pollinator Week. (June)

* Mon., June 17, 4:31 a.m. EDT / 8:31 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Strawberry Moon.

* Tue., June 18 - Phi Day. (June 18)

* Tue., June 18 - Autistic Pride Day about shifting views of autism from "disease" to "difference." (June 18)

* Tue., June 18 (1812) - Anniversary of the day the United States of America declared war on the British Empire, beginning the War of 1812. (June 18)

* Tue., June 18, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Mercury 0.2 degree north of the Moon.

* Wed., June 19 (1865) - Juneteenth Independence Day commemorating the day in 1865 when the State of Texas abolished slavery, and more generally the end of slavery in the former Confederate States of America. (June 19)

* Wed., June 19, 12:00 Midnight EDT / 4:00 UTC - Saturn 0.4 degree north of the Moon; occultation: southern portion of South America, Easter Island, Antarctica Peninsula, southern portion of Africa.

* Wed., June 19, 7:00 a.m. EDT / 11:00 UTC - Pluto 0.1 degree north of the Moon; occultation: northeastern portion of Australia, Melanesia, southern portions of Micronesia & Polynesia, western portion of South America, Central America.

* Thur., June 20 - World Refugee Day. (June 20)

* Thur., June 20, 12:00 Noon Mountain Daylight Saving Time (MDT) / 2:00 p.m. EDT / 18:00 UTC - Summer Solstice Annual Event - Single beam of sunlight shines on a silver dollar embedded in the floor of the Art Museum at the University of Wyoming in Laramie, Wyoming. (June 20)

* Thur., June 20 - "Dump the Pump" Day, sponsored by the American Public Transportation Association and local public transit agencies nationwide, including Pittsburgh's Port Authority of Allegheny County. (Third Thursday in June)

* Thur., June 20 - Recess at Work Day. (Third Thursday in June)

* Fri., June 21 - National Selfie Day. (June 21)

* Fri., June 21 (1948) - Columbia Records introduces 33 1/3-RPM (revolutions per minute), micro-groove LP (long-playing), vinyl record. (June 21)

* Fri., June 21 - Make Music Day music festivals around the world on or near the day of the Summer Solstice. (June 21)

* Fri., June 21 - International Day of Yoga. (June 21)

* Fri., June 21 - National Aboriginal Day - Canada. (June 21)

* Fri., June 21, 11:54 a.m. EDT / 15:54 UTC - Summer Solstice; Season of Summer begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere / Season of Winter begins in Earth's Southern Hemisphere. (June 20 to 22)
Also see ---
** Solstice 24 Celebration special one-hour celebration (5:00 to 6:00 p.m. / 17:00 to 18:00 local time) for each of the Earth's 24 time zones.
** 1985 to 1991: Summer "Solstice Day" Annual Free Day at Buhl Planetarium.

* June 22 to 23 - Ham Radio Field Day - When amateur radio operators test emergency radio operations. (Always the fourth full weekend In June)

* Sat., June 22 - Annual Pennsylvania Firefly Festival in the Allegheny National Forest near Tionesta, Pennsylvania, highlighting Synchronous Fireflies. (Fourth Saturday of June)

* June 23 to 29 - Lightning Safety Awareness Week; see also Pittsburgh Post-Gazette article. (June)

* Sun., June 23 {1868) - Date of patent for the first commercially successful typewriter. (June 23)

* June 24 to July 3 / Aug. 2, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map. (Monthly)

* Sun., June 23, 4:00 a.m. EDT / 8:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 251,374 statute miles / 404,548 kilometers.

* Mon., June 24 - Midsummer Day (Date of Summer Solstice in Roman times)
and St. Jean Baptiste Day / Quebec National Holiday. (June 24)

* June 24 (1947) & July 2 (1947) - Both dates are celebrated as World UFO Day for the first two well-publicized sightings / events regarding what has come to be known as Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) ---
** 1947 June 24: Sighting of 9 UFOs near Mount Rainier, Washington by businessman and private aircraft pilot Kenneth Arnold.
** 1947 July 2: Alleged crash, on the evening of 1947 July 4, of a UFO about 30-to-40 miles northwest of Roswell, New Mexico.
(June 24 & July 2)

* Mon., June 24 - Return to Earth of 3 crew members of the International Space Station (ISS) Expedition 59: NASA astronaut Anne McClain, Canadian Space Agency astronaut David Saint-Jacques and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko. They will use the Soyuz MS-11 spacecraft to land in Kazakhstan.

* Tue., June 25, Late Evening (1638) - The first astronomical event recorded by native Europeans in continental North America was a total lunar eclipse on 1638 June 25 to 26. (June 25)
Also see information on the total lunar eclipse used by Christopher Columbus to scare natives into providing food and other provisions for his sailors: Link 1 *** Link 2.

* Tue., June 25, 5:46 a.m. EDT / 9:46 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Wed., June 26 (1974) - Introduction and first scanning of the Universal Product Code (UPC) bar-code, on a pack of Wrigley Company chewing gum. (June 26)

* Wed., June 26, 8:19 p.m. EDT / June 27, 0:19 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Mercury enters Constellation Leo the Lion.

* Thur., June 27 - At mid-northern latitudes (~40 degrees North Latitude, which is the latitude of Pittsburgh), latest sunset of the year (Pittsburgh - latest sunset: 8:54 p.m. EDT / June 28, 0:54 UTC). (June 27)

* Thur., June 27 - National HIV Testing Day (NHTD). (June 27)

* Thur., June 27 - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Awareness Day. (June 27)

* Thur., June 27 (1967) - First Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) goes into use at Barclays Bank's Enfield Town Branch in North London, England. (June 27)

* Thur., June 27, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., June 28 - Tau Day - Day celebrating the value of 2Pi (~6.28), designated Tau, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its radius. (June 28)
More on Tau Day.

* Fri., June 28, 7:00 a.m. EDT / 11:00 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Mars enters Constellation Cancer the Crab.

* Sun., June 30 [June 17 O.S. (Old Calendar System / Julian Calendar) used in Russia at the time] (1908) - Anniversary of the Tunguska Blast caused by an air blast of large meteoroid or comet fragment. (June 30)

* Sun., June 30 - Asteroid Day - Annual global awareness movement that brings people from around the world together to learn about asteroids and what we can do to protect our planet, our families, communities, and future generations. Asteroid Day is held on the anniversary of the 1908 June 30 Siberian Tunguska event, the largest asteroid impact on Earth in recent history. (June 30)

* Sun., June 30 - Social Media Day. (June 30)

* Sun., June 30 - Last day of calendar year Second Quarter. (June 30)

* Sun., June 30 - Last day of Fiscal Year - Pennsylvania. (June 30)

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 July
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Eclipses This Month ---
Total Solar Eclipse: July 2 *** Partial Lunar Eclipse: July 16

Meteor Shower -- S. Delta-Aquarid: peaks July 27 to 29.

July 20: "Moon Day" - 50th Anniversary: 1st Landing of Humans on Another Celestial Body - Earth's Moon !

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Science Experiments Children & Teens Can Do At Home !

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* May 15 to September 30 - Recreational Boating Season. (May 15 to Sept. 30)

* June 24 to July 3, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map. (Monthly)

* July 1 to 3 (1863) - Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania of the American Civil War: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 1 to 3)

* Mon., July 1 (1867) - Anniversary: Dominion Day / Canada Day. (Canada: July 1).

* Mon., July 1 - First day of Fiscal Year - Pennsylvania. (July 1)

* Mon., July 1 - First day of calendar year. Third Quarter (July 1)

* Mon., July 1, 7:19 p.m. EDT / 23:19 UTC - As appears in the sky, Mars enters Constellation Leo the Lion.

* Tue., July 2 - Mid-point of year. (July 2)

* June 24 (1947) & July 2 (1947) - Both dates are celebrated as World UFO Day for the first two well-publicized sightings / events regarding what has come to be known as Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) ---
** 1947 June 24: Sighting of 9 UFOs near Mount Rainier, Washington by businessman and private aircraft pilot Kenneth Arnold.
** 1947 July 2: Alleged crash, on the evening of 1947 July 4, of a UFO about 30-to-40 miles northwest of Roswell, New Mexico.
(June 24 & July 2)

* Tue., July 2, 3:16 p.m. EDT / 19:16 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation #1194.

* Tue., July 2, 3:22:53.0 p.m. EDT / 19:22:53.0 UTC - Time of Greatest Eclipse for Total Eclipse of the Sun, visible in Chile and Argentina, as well as the Southern Pacific Ocean: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3.
SOLAR ECLIPSE / ECLIPSE OF THE SUN: TIPS FOR SAFE VIEWING

* July 3 to Aug. 11 (approx.) - "The Dog Days of Summer": Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 3 to Aug. 11)

* Wed., July 3 (1918) - Anniversary: Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 (MBTA). (July 3)

* Wed., July 3, 11:18 a.m. EDT / 15:18 UTC - As appears in the sky, Venus enters Constellation Cancer the Crab.

* Thur., July 4 (1776) - USA Independence Day, traditionally celebrated with fireworks. Link 1 *** Link 2. (U.S.A.: July 4)

* Thur., July 4 (1054) - Anniversary of observation of a "Guest Star" (i.e. supernova), which created what today is known as the Crab Nebula. Supernova SN 1054 was observed in China, Japan, Baghdad, and by the Anasazi Pueblo Peoples in New Mexico. This was the first recorded observation of a major astronomical event in North America. (July 4)

* Thur., July 4 (2012) - Anniversary: Public announcement at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) of the discovery of the Higgs Boson, an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics. (July 4)

* Thur., July 4, 2:00 a.m. EDT / 6:00 UTC - Mars 0.1 degree south of the Moon; occultation: eastern tip of Africa, most of Arabia, most of Asia, Micronesia.

* Thur., July 4, 5:00 a.m. EDT / 9:00 UTC - Mercury 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., July 4, 11:00 a.m. EDT / 15:00 UTC - Moon in the Beehive Open Cluster of Stars (M44).

* Thur., July 4, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Earth at aphelion, furthest point in orbit from the Sun: 94,513,220 statute miles / 152,104,285 kilometers. (Beginning of July)

* Fri., July 5 (1687) - Publication of Sir Isaac Newton's Principia, regarding gravitation. (July 5)

* Fri., July 5 - Global SUN-day. (July 5)

* Fri., July 5 - International Day of LGBTQ+ People in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (#LGBTSTEMDay). (July 5)

* Fri., July 5, 1:00 a.m. EDT / 5:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 226,008 statute miles / 363,726 kilometers.

* Sat., July 6 (1867) - First wedding taking place in a balloon - Mr. J. W. Smithson, of Philadelphia, and Miss Maggie E. Fornshell, of Wooster, Ohio, were married in a balloon over Pittsburgh. (July 6)

* Sun., July 7 - Beginning of the Japanese Star Festivals of Tanabata, which celebrates the meeting of the deities Orihime and Hikoboshi (represented by th e stars Vega and Altair respectively), which, according to legend, are kept separate by the Milky Way except once a year, on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month of the lunisolar calendar. (July 7)

* Sun., July 7 - Global Forgiveness Day. (July 7)

* Sun., July 7 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Sun., July 7, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Mercury 4 degrees south of Mars.

* Tue., July 9, 6:55 a.m. EDT / 10:55 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Tue., July 9, 1:00 p.m. EDT / 17:00 UTC - Saturn at opposition (Saturn visible approx. local sunset to local sunrise).

* Wed., July 10 (1856) - Anniversary of birth of physicist and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla, who helped George Westinghouse in Pittsburgh perfect the Alternating Current form of Electricity: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 10)
Also see: Tesla Coil.

* Thur., July 11 (1767) - Anniversary of birth of 6th U.S. President John Quincy Adams, America's Astronomy President. (July 11)

* Thur., July 11 - World Population Day. (United Nations: July 11)

* Thur., July 11 - All-American Pet Photo Day. (July 11)

* Thur., July 11 - National Summer Learning Day. (2nd Thursday of July)

* Fri., July 12, 5:14 a.m. EDT / 9:14 UTC - Pluto closest to Earth.

* Fri., July 12, 8:20 p.m. EDT / July 13, 0:20 UTC - Manhattan-Henge - View of Full Sun on the Manhattan, New York City, east--west street grid: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 12)

* Sat., July 13, 4:00 p.m. EDT / 20:00 UTC - Jupiter 2 degrees south of the Moon (as appears in the sky, Moon passes closest to Jupiter at 10:15 p.m. EDT / July 14, 2:15 UTC).

* Sat., July 13, 8:21 p.m. EDT / July 14, 0:21 UTC - Manhattan-Henge - View of Half Sun on the Manhattan, New York City, east--west street grid: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 13)

* Sun., July 14 (1965) - First close-up photographs taken of another planet: NASA fly-by spacecraft Mariner 4, which flew-by Mars. (July 14)

* Sun., July 14 (1789) - Bastille Day / French National Day, which celebrates the Storming of the Bastille in Paris at the beginning of the French Revolution. (July 14)

* Sun., July 14 - Dwarf Planet Pluto at opposition (visible approx. local sunset to local sunrise, with difficulty using a telescope with a 12-inch / 30-centimeter or greater aperture).

* Mon., July 15 - St. Swithun's Day - According to tradition, the weather occurring on St. Swithun's Day will continue for forty days. This legend does have a scientific basis. At this time of year, for most years, the jet stream settles into a reasonably steady pattern until the end of August. (July 15)

* Tue., July 16 (1958) - Both the U.S House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate approve the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (Pub.L. 85–568). (July 16)

* Tue., July 16, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC - Saturn 0.2 degree north of the Moon; occultation: Melanesia, South Polynesia, Easter Island, central portion of South America (as appears in the sky, Moon passes closest to Saturn at July 15, 10:14 p.m. EDT / July 16, 2:14 UTC)..

* Tue., July 16 (1945), 5:29:21 a.m. Mountain War Time (MWT) / 11:29:21 UTC (+ 2 seconds or - 2 seconds) - Anniversary: First test, at the Trinity Site in New Mexico, of the first atomic bomb. (July 16)

* Tue., July 16 (1969), 9:32 a.m. EDT / 13:32 UTC - 50th Anniversary: Launch of Apollo 11, the first mission to land two humans on the surface of Earth's Moon. (July 16)

* Tue., July 16, 9:32 a.m. EDT / 13:32 UTC - Global Rocket Launch at moment of, and in honor of, 50th Anniversary of the launch of Apollo 11, which resulted in the first humans to set-foot on another planetary body, the Earth's Moon. Coordinated by the U.S. Space & Rocket Center / NASA Space Camp, Huntsville, Alabama.

* Tue., July 16, 1:00 p.m. EDT / 17:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.04 degree south of the Moon; occulation: eastern portion of Africa, Madagascar, southern portion of Indonesia, northern and western portions of Australia, western portion of Micronesia.

* Tue., July 16, 5:30:43.5 p.m. EDT / 21:30:43.5 UTC - Time of Greatest Eclipse for Partial Lunar Eclipse visible from Australia, Africa, South America, most of Europe and Asia: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3.
A Lunar Eclipse / Eclipse of the Moon is the only type of eclipse that is completely safe to watch directly with the naked-eyes, binoculars, and telescopes.

* Tue., July 16, 5:38 p.m. EDT / 21:38 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Buck Moon.

* Tue., July 16, 12:38 p.m. Hawaii - Aleutian Standard Time (HAST) / 6:38 p.m. EDT / 22:38 UTC - Time in Honolulu, the state capital of Hawaii, of twice-annual Lāhainā Noon, the time when the Sun appears at the Zenith in the sky [directly overhead--with no solar shadow visible (weather-permitting)] at Local Solar Noon; Lāhainā Noon can only occur in the Tropics, in locations between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn on the world globe. (~May 27, ~July 16):
Link 1 *** Link 2.

* Wed., July 17 - World Emoji Day for computer / electronic communication. (July 17)

* Thur., July 18 - Military Consumer Protection Day. (3rd Wednesday in July)

* Fri., July 19 - Dog Days of Summer: About 2200 years ago in Greece, date of the heliacal rising of Sirius; ancient mid-way point of "Dog Days of Summer": Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 19)

* July 20 to 28 - National Moth Week - CITIZEN SCIENCE project where citizen scientists can help map moth distribution and provide needed information on other life history aspects around the globe. (Last full week of July)

* Sat., July 20 (1969) - "Moon Day" - 50th Anniversary ---
** July 20, 4:17:40 p.m. EDT / 20:17:40 UTC - Moment the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM - code-named "Eagle") landed on the Moon with astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
** July 20, 10:56:20 p.m. EDT / July 21, 2:56:20 UTC - Moment the first human (Neil Armstrong) set foot on the Earth's Moon, during the NASA mission of Apollo 11: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 20)
Special Note: Neil Armstrong was originally scheduled to first step on the Moon during the early morning hours of Monday ("Moonday"), July 21. Although this historic moment actually occurred earlier than scheduled, during the July 20 television prime-time in America, it actually did occur on "Moonday," July 21 at 2:56:20 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), the time-scale used by many scientists.
Also see ---
** Launch of Apollo 11
** Personal remembrance of Apollo 11 mission
** American Lunar Society Founder on 50th Anniversary: 1st Humans Walk on Moon, KOKH’S QUESTION: After 50 Years, Why No Lunar Settlements ?

* Sat., July 20, 8:00 p.m. EDT / July 21, 0:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 251,954 statute miles / 405,481 kilometers.

* Sat., July 20 (1976) - Anniversary of the landing of the NASA space probe, Viking 1, on the surface of Mars, the first U.S. spacecraft to safely land on the Red Planet: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 20)
Also see: Special NASA radio reports to the public, regarding the Viking Mission to Mars.

* Sun., July 21 - National Ice Cream Day. (3rd Sunday in July)

* Sun., July 21, 8:00 a.m. EDT / 12:00 UTC - Mercury in inferior conjunction with the Sun (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope) (Mercury closest to Earth July 18, 6:58 a.m. EDT / 10:58 UTC).

* Mon., July 22 - Pi Approximation Day, a holiday commemorating the mathematical constant π (pi). (July 22: 22/7)

* Tue., July 23 - Hot Enough For Ya Day. (July 23)

* July 24 to Aug. 2, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map. (Monthly)

* Wed., July 24 (1975) - End of "Space Race" between the United States and Russia (then known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), which concluded with the Apollo (18) - Soyuz Test Project. (July 24)

* Wed., July 24, 9:18 p.m. EDT / July 25, 1:18 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Thur., July 25 - "The Day Out of Time," the last day and extra day of the 13-Moon (each Moon or month consisting of 28 days), 364-day Mayan and "Galactic" year calendar: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 25)

* Thur., July 25 - National Intern Day. (4th Thursday of July)

* Thur., July 25, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., July 26 - First day of the 13-Moon (each Moon or month consisting of 28 days), 364-day "Galactic" year calendar, used for more than 5500 years by several cultures including the Maya, Inca, Druid, Egyptian, Essene, and the peoples of Polynesia. (July 26)

* Fri., July 26 (1990) - Anniversary: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) signed into law by U.S. President George H.W. Bush: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3. (July 26)

* Fri., July 26 - Computer System Administrator Appreciation Day. (Last Friday in July)

* Sat., July 27 (1953) - Armistice ends fighting in United Nations police action in Korea. (July 27)

* Sat., July 27, 9:54 p.m. EDT / July 28, 1:54 UTC - As appears in the sky, Venus enters Constellation Leo the Lion.

* Sun., July 28 - World Hepatitis Day. (July 28)

* Sun., July 28 (1914) - Commencement of World War I: Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 28)

* Sun., July 28 - Parents' Day. (4th Sunday of July)

* Sun., July 28, 11:00 a.m. EDT / 15:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of S. Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower. (July 27 to 29)

* Mon., July 29 - Annual Rain Day in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, about 50 statute miles / 80.4672 kilometers south of Pittsburgh. (July 29)

* Mon., July 29 (1958) - Anniversary: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) established by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, absorbing the former National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA: established 1915 March 3) with its Special Committee on Space Technology (established 1958 January 12): Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 29)

* Mon., July 29, 3:43 p.m. EDT / 19:43 UTC - As appears in the sky, Mars enters Constellation Leo the Lion.

* Tue., July 30 - World Day against Trafficking in Persons. (July 30)

* Wed., July 31 - Dog Days of Summer: Rising of Sirius (the "Dog Star") ahead of the Sun (however, Sirius not visible until, at least, Aug. 7, due to glare of the Sun). (July 31)

* Wed., July 31, 11:12 p.m. EDT / Aug. 1, 3:12 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1195.
This second New Moon phase in one calendar month is also referred to as a so-called Black Moon.

* Aug. 1 to 7 - World Breast-Feeding Week (WBW). (Aug. 1 to 7)

* Wed., Aug. 1 - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day, also known as “Lammas” (in the United Kingdom) and “Lughnassad” (in Ireland). Considered approximate date of First Harvest (third traditional cross-quarter day of the year), approximately between the Midsummer Solstice and the Autumnal Equinox (July 31 Eve to Aug. 1).
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Wed., Aug. 7, 3:19 p.m. EDT / 19:19 UTC - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (halfway between the June Solstice and September Equinox: ~Aug. 6 to 7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 August
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Meteor Showers: Perseids - peaks Aug. 11 to 13; AMONG BEST OF YEAR !
Aurigids - peaks Sept. 1.

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Science Experiments Children & Teens Can Do At Home !

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time

SPECIAL NOTE: For calendar entries which describe a relationship between two or more celestial objects, unless otherwise noted all relationships between celestial objects are visual relationships as seen from Earth only.


* May 15 to September 30 - Recreational Boating Season. (May 15 to Sept. 30)

* July 3 to Aug. 11 (approx.) - "The Dog Days of Summer": Link 1 *** Link 2. (July 3 to Aug. 11).

* July 24 to Aug. 2, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map. (Monthly)

* Wed., July 31 - Dog Days of Summer: Rising of Sirius (the "Dog Star") ahead of the Sun (however, Sirius not visible until, at least, Aug. 7, due to glare of the Sun). (July 31)

* Wed., July 31, 11:12 p.m. EDT / Aug. 1, 3:12 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1195.
This second New Moon phase in one calendar month is also referred to as a so-called Black Moon.

* Aug. 1 to 7 - Noctilucent Clouds - wispy-type clouds that shine at night, as they form as ice crystals around dust particles in Earth's atmosphere at the edge of space. This is the last week to get a good view of Noctilucent Clouds, as the length of daylight is now getting shorter each day, since the Summer Solstice. (Aug. 1 to 7)

* Aug. 1 to 7 - World Breast-Feeding Week (WBW). (Aug. 1 to 7)

* Aug. 1 to 7 - National Minority Donor Awareness Week. (Aug. 1 to 7)

* Thur., Aug. 1 (1818) - Anniversary of the birth of America's first professional woman astronomer, Maria Mitchell, who won a gold medal prize presented by the King of Denmark, for her discovery of a comet named in her honor: Miss Mitchell's Comet. (Aug. 1)

* Thur., Aug. 1 - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day, also known as “Lammas” (in the United Kingdom) and “Lughnassad” (in Ireland). Considered approximate date of First Harvest (third traditional cross-quarter day of the year), approximately between the Midsummer Solstice and the Autumnal Equinox. (July 31 Eve to Aug. 1)
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Thur., Aug. 1 - Lemonade Day in Western Pennsylvania, to teach children entrepreneurship and business.

* Aug. 2 to 11, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Fri., Aug. 2 (1955) - Space Race between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (now known as the Russian Federation) began in earnest, when the Soviet Union responded to the US announcement four days earlier of intent to launch artificial satellites for the International Geophysical Year, by declaring they would also launch a satellite "in the near future." (Aug. 2)

* Fri., Aug. 2, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 223,319.494658 statute miles / 359,398 kilometers.

* Sat., Aug. 3 - National Watermelon Day. (Aug. 3)

* Aug. 4 to Aug. 10 - National Farmers Market Week. (First full week of August)

* Aug. 4 to Aug. 10 - National Stop on Red Week. (First full week of August)

* Sun., Aug. 4 - Friendship Day. (First Sunday in August)

* Sun., Aug. 4 - International Forgiveness Day. (1st Sunday in August)

* Mon., Aug. 5 - Civic Holiday in certain Canadian provinces. (First Monday in August)

* Tue., Aug. 6 (1945), 8:15:43 a.m. Hiroshima Time (Japan Standard Time) / Aug. 5, 7:15:43 p.m. Eastern War Time / Aug. 5, 23:15:43 UTC - Anniversary of the first war-time use of an Atomic Bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. (Aug. 6)

* Tue., Aug. 6, Evening - National Night Out. (First Tuesday in August)

* Wed., Aug. 7 - National Lighthouse Day. (Aug. 7)

* Wed., Aug. 7 - Purple Heart Day. (Aug. 7)

* Wed., Aug. 7, 1:31 p.m. EDT / 17:31 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Wed., Aug. 7, 3:19 p.m. EDT / 19:19 UTC - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (halfway between the June Solstice and September Equinox: ~Aug. 6 to 7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Thur., Aug. 8 - International Cat Day. (Aug. 8)

* Thur., Aug. 8 (1786) - US Congress adopts silver dollar & decimal system of money. (Aug. 8)

* Thur., Aug. 8, 5:09 a.m. EDT / 9:09 UTC - Venus at perihelion.

* Aug. 9, 10, 11 weekend and September 6, 7, 8, weekend, 30 minutes before sunset - A Swift Night-Out - CITIZEN SCIENCE PROJECT to observe bird roosts of Chimney Swifts and Vaux's Swifts.
More on Citizen Science & Chimey Swifts. (Second Weekend August and September: Friday, Saturday, Sunday)

* Fri., Aug. 9 - Book Lovers Day. (Aug. 9)

* Fri., Aug. 9 (1945) - Anniversary of the second and last war-time use of an Atomic Bomb over Nagasaki, Japan. (Aug. 9)

* Fri., Aug. 9 (1974) - Anniversary of the first resignation of an American President. As a consequence of the Watergate Scandal, and prior to the U.S. House of Representatives approving three Articles of Impeachment of the President, the resignation of U.S. President Richard M. Nixon took effect at 12:00 Noon, after announcing his resignation on a nationally broadcast address the previous evening; recently appointed Vice President Gerald R. Ford, Jr. (who had been approved by the U.S. Senate for the appointment as Vice President after the resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew) assumed the U.S. Presidency.
President Nixon's signature appears on the historic plaque left on the Moon at the site of the landing of the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM) of the Apollo 11 mission, where the first two humans set-foot on the Moon. President Nixon also spoke with NASA Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, while they were on the Moon, in a conversation President Nixon called "the most historic phone call ever made from the White House." (Aug. 9)

* Fri., Aug. 9, 7:00 p.m. EDT / 23:00 UTC - Best time to see Mercury in 2019. Mercury at greatest western elongation (19 degrees). Hence, mid-August is best time to view Mercury, low in the eastern sky (only about 10 degrees above the horizon - below the Constellation Gemini the Twins), about 30 minutes before local sunrise.

* Fri., Aug. 9, 7:00 p.m. EDT / 23:00 UTC - Jupiter 2 degrees south of the Moon.

* Fri., Aug. 9, 10:02 p.m. EDT / Aug. 10, 2:02 UTC - As seen in the sky, the Moon moves close to Jupiter.

* Sat., Aug. 10 (1846) - Founding of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC, originally from the bequest of British chemist James Smithson. The founding was spearheaded by Massachusetts Congressman and former U.S. President John Quincy Adams. (Aug. 10)
Samuel Pierpont Langley, second Director of Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory, became the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, then considered the greatest scientific appointment in the nation.

* Aug. 10 to 16, after Sunset - International Starlight Week. (Week coinciding with annual Perseid Meteor Shower)

* Sat., Aug. 10, after Sunset - International Starry Night. (Aug. 10 - just before peak of annual Perseid Meteor Shower)

* Sat., Aug. 10 - World Lion Day. (Aug. 10)

* Aug. 11 to 17 - National Health Center Week. (Second full week of August)

* Sun., Aug. 11 - For +40 degrees North Latitude (Latitude of Pittsburgh), annual Heliacal Rising of the Star Sirius (Dog Star), the brightest star in the night sky, the first time Sirius can be seen in the morning sky for the year. In ancient times, the Heliacal Rising of Sirius coincided with the flooding of the Nile River, which was and still is Egypt's life-line; the Heliacal Rising of Procyon (Little Dog Star), which annually occurred a little ahead of the Heliacal Rising of Sirius, gave the ancients extra warning for the soon-Heliacal Rising of Sirius. At that time, it was thought that the heat from the brightest star (Sirius), rising near the same time as the rising of the Sun, contributed to the great heat of the Summer Season. (Aug. 11)

* Sun., Aug. 11, 10:01 p.m. EDT / Aug. 12, 2:01 UTC - As seen in the sky, the Moon moves close to Saturn.

* Mon., Aug. 12 - World Elephant Day. (Aug. 12)

* Mon., Aug. 12 - International Youth Day. (Aug. 12)

* Mon., Aug. 12 - Middle Child's Day. (Aug. 12)

* Mon., Aug. 12, 6:00 a.m. EDT / 10:00 UTC - Saturn 0.04 degree north of the Moon; occultation: eastern portion of Indonesia, majority of Australia, northern portion of New Zealand, Melanesia, Polynesia not including Hawaii.

* Mon., Aug. 12, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.1 degree south of the Moon; occultation: northeastern portion of South America, Ascension Island (British Territory), eastern and central portions of Africa, southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula.

* Tue., Aug. 13 - International Lefthanders Day. (Aug. 13)

* Tue., Aug. 13 - Public Housing Health Centers Day. (Tuesday of National Health Center Week)

* Tue., Aug. 13, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC (Best viewing: Aug. 11, 12, & 13, Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Perseid Meteor Shower, considered one of the best of the year! (Aug. 11 to 13).
Also see: NASA: Perseid Meteor Shower Has Most Fireballs.

* Wed., Aug. 14 - Health Care for the Homeless Day. (Wednesday of National Health Center Week)

* Wed., Aug. 14, 2:07 a.m. EDT / 6:07 UTC - Venus in superior conjunction with the Sun (Venus not visible, even with a telescope).

* Thur., Aug. 15 - Farmworker Health Day. (Thursday of National Health Center Week)

* Thur., Aug. 15 (1877) - Anniversary of Establishment of Telephone Greeting "Hello" - In preparation for introduction of the telephone in the city of Pittsburgh, in an unpublished letter from Thomas A. Edison to T.B.A. David, President of Pittsburgh's Central District and Printing Telegraph Company, Mr. Edison suggested "I don't think we shall need a call bell as Hello! can be heard 10 to 20 feet away." (Aug. 15)

* Thur., Aug. 15 (1945) - Anniversary of the announcement of the surrender of Japan and end of World War II (Aug. 15).
Victory Over Japan Day (United Kingdom) - Day of initial announcement of Japan surrender ending World War II. (Aug. 15)
Celebrated on September 2 in USA, for formal surrender on Battleship USS Missouri.

* Thur., Aug. 15 - Relaxation Day. (Aug. 15)

* Thur., Aug. 15, 5:39 a.m. EDT / 9:39 UTC - Dog Days of Summer: First visible (Sirius rises ahead of Sun at 7 degrees altitude) Heliacal rising of Sirius; modern mid-way point in "The Dog Days of Summer". (~ Aug. 7 to 15)

* Thur., Aug. 15, 8:29 a.m. EDT / 12:29 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Sturgeon Moon.

* Aug. 16 to 19 - Pledge to Fledge ! campaign for birders to share their love and information about the birding hobby with others. (Third weekend in August)

* Fri., Aug. 16 - Rollercoaster Day. (Aug. 16)

* Sat., Aug. 17 - Black Cat Appreciation Day. (Aug. 17)

* Sat., Aug. 17 - National Thriftshop Day. (Aug. 17)

* Sat., Aug.17 - World Honey Bee Day. (3rd Saturday in August)

* Sat., Aug.17 - Clear the (Animal) Shelters Day. (3rd Saturday in August)

* Sat., Aug.17, 7:00 a.m. EDT / 11:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,428.240524 statute miles / 406,244 kilometer.

* Sun., Aug.18 - Serendipity Day. (Aug. 18)

* Sun., Aug.18, 1:18 a.m. EDT / 5:18 UTC - As seen in the sky, Mars enters Constellation Virgo the Virgin.

* Mon., Aug. 19 (1871) - National Aviation Day, anniversary of the 1871 birth of Orville Wright, who with brother Wilbur, is credited with the first powered flight of a man. (Aug. 19)

* Mon., Aug. 19 (1839) - World Photography Day - Anniversary of the release of the first practical photographic process patent. (Aug. 19)

* Mon., Aug. 19 - World Humanitarian Day. (Aug. 19)

* Tue., Aug. 20 (1920) - National Radio Day. (Aug. 20)
This was the day, in 1920, when The Detroit News-owned amateur radio station 8MK began regular broadcasting; today, this station is all-news WWJ-AM 950.

* Tue., Aug. 20 - Mercury at perihelion.

* Wed., Aug.21, 5:06 a.m. EDT / 9:06 UTC - As seen in the sky, Venus enters Constellation Virgo the Virgin.

* Wed., Aug.21, 11:00 a.m. EDT / 15:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Aug. 22 to 31, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map. (Monthly)

* Thur., Aug.22, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Asteroid 3 Juno in conjunction with the Sun (Juno not visible, even with a telescope).

* Fri., Aug. 23 (1991) - Internaut Day - Anniversary, in 1991, of the Internet's World Wide Web (www). (Aug. 23)

* Fri., Aug. 23 - Health Unit Coordinator Day. (Aug. 23)

* Fri., Aug. 23 - International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition. (Aug. 23)

* Fri., Aug. 23, 10:56 a.m. EDT / 14:56 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Sat., Aug. 24 (A.D. 79) - Historic eruption of Mount Vesuvius, in what is now Italy, which resulted in the destruction and burying of Pompeii and Herculaneum, among other settlements. (Aug. 24)

* Aug. 25 to 31 - National Book Week Australia. (Last week of August)

* Aug. 25 to 31 - Black Breast-Feeding Week. (Aug. 25 to 31)

* Sun., Aug. 25 - World Doctorates Day. (Aug. 25)

* Sun., Aug. 25 (1916) - Anniversary (1916: Centennial): Establishment of the United States Department of the Interior's National Park Service. (Aug. 25)

* Sun., Aug. 25 - National Kiss and Make-Up Day. (Aug. 25)

* Sun., Aug. 25, 9:28 p.m. EDT / Aug. 26, 1:28 UTC - Mars at aphelion.

* Mon., Aug. 26 (1920) - Women's Equality Day - Anniversary: Certification of 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, granting women the right to vote. (Aug. 26)

* Mon., Aug. 26 - National Dog Day. (Aug. 26)

* Tue., Aug. 27 (1883) - Historic eruption of the Krakatoa Volcano in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). (Aug. 27)
Loudest sound heard by man, in recorded history.

* Wed., Aug. 28 (1912) - Anniversary: New Allegheny Observatory building dedicated. (Aug. 28)

* Wed., Aug. 28, 8:00 a.m. EDT / 12:00 UTC - Moon 0.3 degree north of the Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44).

* Fri., Aug. 30 (1955) - De-facto beginning date of the "Space Race" between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (now known as the Russian Federation) - when the Soviet Academy of Sciences created a commission whose purpose was to beat the Americans into Earth orbit.. (Aug. 30)

* Fri., Aug. 30 - Grief Awareness Day. (Aug. 30)

* Fri., Aug. 30, 6:37 a.m. EDT / 10:37 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1196.
This second New Moon phase in one calendar month is also referred to as a so-called Black Moon.

* Fri., Aug. 30, 12:00 Noon EDT / 16:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 221,938.808296 statute miles / 357,176 kilometers.
Large Tides predicted along ocean coast-lines, due to close proximity to New Moon Primary Phase.

* Sat., Aug. 31 - International Overdose Awareness Day (IOAD). (Aug. 31)

* Sat., Aug. 31 (1991), 5:00 p.m. EDT / 21:00 UTC - Anniversary of the closing of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center) as a public museum in Pittsburgh, which was dedicated as America's fifth major planetarium on 1939 October 24. (Aug. 31)

* Sun., Sept. 1 (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Aurigid Meteor Shower. (Sept. 1)

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 September
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Sept. 22-23 - Autumnal Equinox: Autumn Begins

Meteor Shower -- Aurigids: peaks Sept. 1.

WHY LEAVES
CHANGE COLOR

Autumn Foliage Reports --
Foliage Network Reports
Weather Ch. Viewing Maps
National Forests
New England
PA * WV * OH * MD

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time

SPECIAL NOTE: For calendar entries which describe a relationship between two or more celestial objects, unless otherwise noted all relationships between celestial objects are visual relationships as seen from Earth only.


* May 15 to September 30 - Recreational Boating Season. (May 15 to Sept. 30)

* Sept. 1 to 30, Each Evening - Vaux’s Swifts Watch at Chapman School, Portland, Oregon - Public can view a spectacular display of Vaux’s Swift birds as they gather to roost in the school’s chimney. Volunteers from Portland Audubon will be present each night with information about the swifts, binoculars and a spotting scope for viewing. (Sept. 1 to 30)

* Sept. 1 to 2 (1859) - 160th Anniversary: Carrington Event - Major Solar Storm of 1859 - English Amateur Astronomer Richard C. Carrington observed a Solar Flare, which is associated with a major Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) which caused the Carrington Event, just before 12:00 Noon on 1859 September 1. This was one of the first known geomagnetic storms to have major affects on Earth, 1859 September 1 to 2, including great auroral displays and caused severe disruptions with electrical telegraph systems (some telegraph systems actually caught fire). Such a solar storm today could bring down electrical grids (which did happen in Quebec in March of 1989), severely disrupt radio communications, and destroy the electronics in satellites. In fact, a Carrington-Class Solar Super Storm did occur on the Sun on 2012 July 23, although the CME missed the Earth. (Sept. 1 to 2)

* Sun., Sept. 1 - Beginning of Meteorological Season of Autumn in the Northern Hemisphere (Sept. 1).

* Sun., Sept. 1 - Beginning of Spring Season in Australia. (Sept. 1)

* Sun., Sept. 1 - . Mid-point in Atlantic Ocean Hurricane Season. (Sept. 1)

* Sun., Sept. 1 (1914) - Anniversary: Passing of Martha in the Cincinnati Zoo, the last Passenger Pigeon, marking the extinction of the species, due to hunting and habitat destruction. Also see Project Passenger Pigeon. (Sept. 1)

* Sun., Sept. 1 (1939) - Anniversary: Beginning of World War II. (Sept. 1)

* Sun., Sept. 1 (2017) - Anniversary: Asteroid 3122 Florence (named in honor of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing) passes within 4.4 million miles / 7 million kilometers of Earth (18 times the distance between the Earth and the Moon). The largest asteroid to pass Earth since NASA started tracking asteroids, this asteroid measures 2.7 miles in diameter. (Sept. 1)

* Sun., Sept. 1 (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Aurigid Meteor Shower. (Sept. 1)

* Sept. 2 to 14 (1752) - Anniversary: Adoption, by the British Empire including the American Colonies, of the Gregorian Calendar Reform: the Julian Calendar day of Wednesday, 1752 September 2 O.S. (Old System) was followed by the first day of the Gregorian Calendar, Thursday, 1752 September 14 N.S. (New System). The original Gregorian Calendar Reform occurred when Thursday,1582 October 4 O.S. was followed by Friday, 1582 October 15 N.S.. Gregorian Calendar enacted by the Roman Catholic Church to bring the calendar back into synchronization with the seasons. (Sept. 2 to 14)

* Mon., Sept. 2 (1945) - Anniversary: Victory Over Japan Day / V-J Day (USA) - Day Japan formally surrendered, on Battleship USS Missouri, ending World War II. (Sept. 2)
Celebrated on August 15 in the United Kingdom, for initial announcement of Japan's surrender. (Sept. 2)

* Mon., Sept. 2 - Labor Day. (Federal Holiday: U.S.A. - First Monday in September)

* Mon., Sept. 2 (1969) - 50th Anniversary: Public debut of first Automated Teller Machine (ATM) at Chemical Bank in Rockville Center, New York. (Sept. 2)

* Mon., Sept. 2, 7:00 a.m. EDT / 11:00 UTC - Mars in conjunction with the Sun (Mars not visible, even with a telescope).

* Sept. 3 to 7 - National Payroll Week. (First business week of September, beginning on Labor Day)

* Tue., Sept. 3 (1783) - Anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which formally ended St. Augustine, Floridathe American Revolutionary War. (Sept. 3)

* Tue., Sept. 3, 7:00 a.m. EDT / Sept. 4, 2:00 UTC - Mercury in superior conjunction with the Sun (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope).

* Wed., Sept. 4 (1882) - First practical, outdoor electric lighting: Thomas Elva Edison's Direct Current (DC) system in New York City. (Sept. 4)

* Thur., Sept. 5, 11:10 p.m. EDT / Sept. 6, 3:10 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Fri., Sept. 6, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC - Jupiter 2 degrees south of the Moon.

* Aug. 9, 10, 11 weekend and September 6, 7, 8, weekend, 30 minutes before sunset - A Swift Night-Out - CITIZEN SCIENCE PROJECT to observe bird roosts of Chimney Swifts and Vaux's Swifts.
More on Citizen Science & Chimey Swifts. (Second Weekend August and September: Friday, Saturday, Sunday)

* Fri., Sept. 6 - National Read A Book Day. (Sept. 6)

* Fri., Sept. 6 (1966), 7:30 p.m. EDT / 23:30 UTC - Anniversary of world premiere [U.S. premiere on Sept. 8 (1966)] of influential, science-fiction television series, Star Trek, on the CTV television network in Canada. (Sept. 6)

* Sept. 7 to 15 - National Drive Electric Week. (Second week of September, including the whole weekends on both ends of the week)

* Sat., Sept. 7 - International Vulture Awareness Day - Highlights an ecologically vital group of birds that face a range of threats, including possible extinction for certain species. (First Saturday in September)

* Sun., Sept. 8 - International Literacy Day. (Sept. 8)

* Sun., Sept. 8 (1565) - Founding of the oldest, continuously-occupied settlement in the continental United States: St. Augustine, Florida. (Sept. 8)

* Sun., Sept. 8 (1966), 8:30 p.m. EDT / Sept. 9 (1966), 0:30 UTC - Anniversary of U.S. premiere [world premiere on Sept. 6 (1966)] of influential, science-fiction television series, Star Trek, on the NBC television network. (Sept. 8)

* Sun., Sept. 8 - Grandparents Day. (First Sunday after Labor Day)

* Sun., Sept. 8, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Saturn 0.04 degree north of the Moon; occultation: eastern section of Africa, Madagascar, southern portion of Indonesia, northern and western portions of Australia, western portions of Micronesia & Melanesia.

* Sun., Sept. 8, 11:00 p.m. EDT / Sept. 9, 3:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.1 degree south of the Moon; occultation: Polynesia (not including Hawaii), Easter Island, Galapagos Islands, northern section of South America.

* Mon., Sept. 9, 11:03 a.m. EDT / 15:03 UTC - Neptune closest to Earth in 2019.

* Tue., Sept. 10 - Traditional peak in Atlantic Ocean Hurricane Season. (Sept. 10)

* Tue., Sept. 10 - Swap Ideas Day. (Sept. 10)

* Tue., Sept. 10 - World Suicide Prevention Day. (Sept. 10)

* Tue., Sept. 10 - National TV Dinner Day. (Sept. 10)

* Tue., Sept. 10, 4:00 a.m. EDT / 8:00 UTC - Neptune at opposition (Neptune rises approx. local sunset and sets approx. local sunrise).

* Wed., Sept. 11 (2001) - Patriot Day - In commemoration of the 9/11 attacks in New York, Washington, and Shanksville, Pennsylvania (79 miles southeast of Pittsburgh) in 2001. (Sept. 11)
Also 9 / 11 National Day of Service. (Sept. 11)

* Thur., Sept. 12 (1962) - U.S. President John F. Kennedy addressed 35,000 people in a football stadium at Rice University in Houston, saying in part:
"We choose to go to the Moon! ...We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard; because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one we intend to win ..." (Sept. 12)

* Thur., Sept. 12 (1958) - Anniversary: Invention of computer Integrated Circuit. (September 12)

* Fri., Sept. 13 - "Friday the 13th" superstition; debunking this superstition, purpose of character King Friday the 13th on popular PBS children's television series, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (originated at WQED-TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh). (Friday the 13th)

* Fri., Sept. 13, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,510.960987829 statute miles / 406,377 kilometers.

* Sat., Sept. 14 (1814) - Anniversary of the song, The Star Spangled Banner, which became America's National Anthem in 1931. (Sept.14)

* Sat., Sept. 14 - World First Aid Day. (Second Saturday in September)

* Sat., Sept. 14, Evening - Mid-Autumn Festival / Moon Festival - A popular harvest festival celebrated by Chinese and Vietnamese people, dating back over 3,000 years to Moon worship in China's Shang Dynasty. It is celebrated on the date close to the Autumnal Equinox of the Solar Calendar, as well as close to the Full Moon Phase. (Close to September Full Moon and Autumnal Equinox)

* Sat., Sept. 14, 12:33 a.m. EDT / 4:33 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Corn Moon & Harvest Moon. (The Harvest Moon occurs each year within 15 days of the Autumnal Equinox, on the night of the Full Moon between early September to early October of the Gregorian Calendar)

* Sept. 15 to 21 - International Book Week. (Third week of September)

* Sept. 15 to 21 - Child Passenger Safety Week (third week of September).

* Sept. 15 to 21 - National Heroin and Opioid Awareness Week. (Third week of September)

* Sept. 15 to 21 - National Wellness Week. (Third week of September)

* Sun., Sept. 15 - National Tell a Police Officer "Thank You!" Day. (Sept. 15)

* Sun., Sept. 15 - Solar Sidewalk Sun-Day - Annual Sidewalk Astronomers public solar observing event, scheduled each year on the Sunday closest to John Dobson's birthday: Sept. 14. (Sunday closest to Sept. 14)

* Sept. 16 to 22 (1990) - Anniversary of the enactment of the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 - Pollution Prevention Week. (Third full week of September, beginning on Monday)

* Sept. 17, 18, 19 - National Postal Customer Council Week. (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday of third week of September)

* Sept. 17 to 23 - Constitution Week promotes study and education about the U.S. Constitution which was originally adopted by the American Congress of the Confederation on September 17, 1787. (Sept. 17 to 23)

* Tue., Sept. 17 - Constitution Day / Citizenship Day - Commemorates the day of signing of the U.S. Constitution at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. (Sept. 17)

* Tue., Sept. 17, 4:00 p.m. EDT / 20:00 UTC - Uranus 4 degrees north of the Moon.

* Wed., Sept. 18 (1947) - Formation of the United States Air Force, as part of the National Security Act of 1947, which also included formation of the Department of Defense (DOD), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), National Security Council, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (Sept. 18)

* Thur., Sept. 19 - 'No Text on Board' Pledge Day (TXTNG & DRIVNG...IT CAN WAIT). (Sept. 19)

* Sept. 20 to 29, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE - Annual Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Fri., Sept. 20 - National POW / MIA Recognition Day. (Third Friday in September)

* Fri., Sept. 20 - Park(ing) Day is an annual worldwide event where artists, designers and citizens transform metered parking spots into temporary public parks. (Third Friday in September)

* Sat., Sept. 21 - Software Freedom Day. (Third Saturday in September)

* Sat., Sept. 21 - World Alzheimer's Day. (Sept. 21)

* Sat., Sept. 21 - International Day of Peace. (Sept. 21)

* Sat., Sept. 21 - World Gratitude Day. (Sept. 21)

* Sat., Sept. 21 - National Seat Check Saturday regarding automobile seats for children. (Saturday of Child Passenger Safety Week)

* Sat., Sept. 21, 10:41 p.m. EDT / Sept. 22, 2:41 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Sept. 22 to 28 - Banned Books Week (BBW) - An annual event celebrating the freedom to read and the importance of the First Amendment. (Last week of September)

* Sept. 22 to 28 - National Adult Education & Family Literacy Week. (Last week of September)

* Sept. 22 to 28 - Sea Otter Awareness Week. (Last full week in September)

* Sept. 22 to 28 - Diaper Need Awareness Week. (Last week of September)

* Sept. 22 to 28 - Rail Safety Week. (Last full week of September)

* Sun., Sept. 22 - World Car-Free Day. (Sept. 22)

* Sun., Sept. 22, 5:00 a.m. EDT / 9:00 UTC - Moon 2.0 degrees south of Open Star Cluster M35 in the Constellation Gemini the Twins.

* Mon., Sept. 23 (1846) - Discovery of Planet Neptune, first planet discovered by mathematical prediction. (Sept. 23)

* Mon., Sept. 23 - Falls Prevention Awareness Day. (First day of Fall: ~Sept. 22-23)

* Mon., Sept. 23, 3:50 a.m. EDT / 7:50 UTC - Autumnal Equinox; beginning of Season of Autumn in the Northern Hemisphere.
Also see: Harvest Moon.

* Mon., Sept. 23, 6:28 p.m. EDT / 22:28 UTC - Mars enters Constellation Virgo the Virgin.

* March 19 to April 30, September 24 through November 5 - Tsunami Preparedness Weeks. (mid-March through April, mid-September through early November)

* Tue., Sept. 24 - National Punctuation Day. (Sept. 24)

* Tue., Sept. 24 - National Voter Registration Day. (Fourth Tuesday in September)

* Tue., Sept. 24, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Moon 0.4 degree north of the Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44) in Constellation Cancer the Crab.

* Wed., Sept. 25 (1676) - Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), forerunner of today's Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), first established. (Sept. 25)

* Wed., Sept. 25 - Equilux - The actual day with equal hours and minutes of the Sun above the horizon, and equal hours and minutes of the Sun below the horizon. Occurs twice each year, approximately 3-to-4 days before the Vernal Equinox and 3-to-4 days after the Autumnal Equinox. (March 16, September 25)

* Wed., Sept. 25 - National Day of Remembrance for Murder Victims. (Sept. 25)

* Wed., Sept. 25 - National Daughters Day (September 25)

* Wed., Sept. 25 - World School Milk Day. (September 25)

* Thur., Sept. 26 - Zodiacal Light dimly visible in northern lattitudes in eastern sky, before morning twilight, for next two weeks. (September, October)

* Thur., Sept. 26 - World Maritime Day. (Last Thursday in September)
The original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center, Pittsburgh's science and technology museum from 1939 to 1991) displayed the largest Mercator's Projection Map of the World, originally produced by the U.S. Maritime Commission for display at the 1939 World's Fair in New York City.

* Thur., Sept. 26 (1774) - Birth of pioneer nurseryman and conservationist W Johnny Appleseed, who in his early years lived on Grant's Hill (near the present-day site of the 64-story U.S. Steel Building) in Downtown Pittsburgh. (Sept. 26)

* Thur., Sept. 26 - National Poetry Day (United Kingdom). (Thursday in late September, early October)

* Fri., Sept. 27, 10:00 p.m. EDT / Sept. 28, 2:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 222,327.855324901 statute miles / 357,802 kilometers.
Large Tides predicted along ocean coast-lines, due to New Moon phase just 16 hours later.

* Sat., Sept. 28 - Museum Day Live! - Free admission to participating museums, with Museum Day ticket from the Smithsonian Magazine web site. (Fourth Saturday in September)

* Sat., Sept. 28 - The Right to Know Day. (Sept. 28)

* Sat., Sept. 28 - World Rabies Day, marked on the anniversary of the death of Louis Pasteur. (Sept. 28)

* Sat., Sept. 28 - National Public Lands Day. (Last Saturday in September)

* Sat., Sept. 28 - World Daughters Day (September 28)

* Sat., Sept. 28, 2:26 p.m. EDT / 18:26 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1197.

* Sat., Sept. 28, 6:00 p.m. EDT / 22:00 UTC - Mercury 1.4 degrees north of Star Spica, brightest star in Constellation Virgo the Virgin.

* Sun., Sept. 29 (1915) - First transcontinental radio-telephone demonstration, with U.S. Navy radio stations at Arlington, Virginia, Mare Island in San Francisco, and Honolulu. (Sept. 29)

* Sun., Sept. 29 - World Heart Day. (Last Sunday in September)

* Sun., Sept. 29 - Gold Star Mother's Day. (Last Sunday in September)

* Sept. 29, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh: 7:06 p.m. EDT / 23:06 UTC) to Oct. 1, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh: 7:02 p.m. EDT / 23:02 UTC) - Rosh Hashanah - Jewish New Year: Link 1 *** Link 2.
Days in the Hebrew calendar begin at sunset. Although the Jewish calendar is based on the Lunar Cycle, so that the first day of each month originally began with the first sighting of a New Moon, since the Fourth Century it has been arranged so that Rosh Hashanah never falls on a Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday (although, by the Gregorian Calendar, it may look like the holiday begins on a Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday, by the Hebrew Calendar the next day actually begins at sunset).

* May 15 to September 30 - Recreational Boating Season. (May 15 to Sept. 30)

* April 30, Sept. 30 - National PrepareAthon ! Day - Day to emphasize preparation for disasters and emergencies. (April 30, Sept. 30)

* Mon., Sept. 30 - Last day of U.S.A. Federal Fiscal Year. (Sept. 30)

* Mon., Sept. 30 - Last day of calendar year Third Quarter. (Sept. 30)

* Mon., Sept. 30 (1452) - Anniversary of the first publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first major book published using movable type in the Western World. (Sept. 30)

* Mon., Sept. 30 - International Podcast Day™. (September 30)

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 October
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Meteor Showers:
Draconid peaks Oct. 7 to 8.
Orionid peaks Oct. 21.

WHY LEAVES
CHANGE COLOR

Autumn Foliage Reports --
Foliage Network Reports
Weather Ch. Viewing Maps
National Forests: Link 1 * Link 2
New England
PA * WV * OH * MD

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time

SPECIAL NOTE: For calendar entries which describe a relationship between two or more celestial objects, unless otherwise noted all relationships between celestial objects are visual relationships as seen from Earth only.


* March 19 to April 30, September 24 through November 5 - Tsunami Preparedness Weeks. (mid-March through April, mid-September through early November)

* Sept. 29, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh: 7:06 p.m. EDT / 23:06 UTC) to Oct. 1, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh: 7:02 p.m. EDT / 23:02 UTC) - Rosh Hashanah - Jewish New Year: Link 1 *** Link 2.
Days in the Hebrew calendar begin at sunset. Although the Jewish calendar is based on the Lunar Cycle, so that the first day of each month originally began with the first sighting of a New Moon, since the Fourth Century it has been arranged so that Rosh Hashanah never falls on a Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday (although, by the Gregorian Calendar, it may look like the holiday begins on a Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday, by the Hebrew Calendar the next day actually begins at sunset).

* October through December - The Rut, White-Tailed Deer Mating Season - Vehicle drivers should be on the look-out for deer running across streets and highways. (Oct. through Dec.)

* Oct. 1 to 5 - National Customer Service Week.

* Tue., Oct. 1 (1847), 10:30 p.m. (Massachusetts time) - America's first professional woman astronomer, Maria Mitchell, discovered Miss Mitchell's Comet. (Oct. 1)

* Tue., Oct. 1 (1958) - Anniversary: Official establishment of NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as America's civilian space agency, from the predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) which had been formed in 1915. (Oct. 1)
NASA: Link 1 *** Link 2.

* Tue., Oct. 1 - Median date for first Fall frost for locations in the Allegheny Mountains of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Maryland, as well as northern counties in Pennsylvania. (Oct. 1)

* Tue., Oct. 1 - First day of U.S.A. Federal Fiscal Year. (Oct. 1)

* Tue., Oct. 1 - First day of calendar year Fourth Quarter. (Oct. 1)

* Tue., Oct. 1 - News Engagement Day. (First Tuesday in October)

* Wed., Oct. 2 - International Space Station (ISS) Change of Command ceremony: Russian Cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin hands over command of the space station to European Space Agency astronaut Luca Parmitano.

* Wed., Oct. 2 (1925) - First test of a working Television receiver. (Oct. 2)

* Wed., Oct. 2, 9:00 p.m. EDT / Oct. 3, 1:00 UTC - Venus 3 degrees north of Star Spica.

* Thur., Oct. 3 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Thur., Oct. 3 - NASA astronaut Nick Hague, Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin and Hazzaa Ali Almansoori of the United Arab Emirates return to Earth from the International Space Station (ISS). Undocking is scheduled: 3:35 a.m. EDT / 7:35 UTC; crew scheduled to land near Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan: 6:58 a.m. EDT / 10:58 UTC.

* Thur., Oct. 3 - International Walk-to-School Day. (First Wednesday in October)

* Thur., Oct. 3, 4:00 p.m. EDT / 20:00 UTC - Jupiter 1.9 degrees south of the Moon; Moon visually closest to Jupiter: 8:21 p.m. EDT / Oct. 4, 0:21 UTC.

* Oct. 4 to 10 - World Space Week. (Oct. 4 to 10)

* Oct. 4 to 15 (1582) - Anniversary of original Gregorian Calendar Reform: the Julian Calendar day Thursday,1582 October 4 O.S. (Old System) was followed by the first day of the Gregorian Calendar, Friday, 1582 October 15 N.S. (New System). The British Empire, including the American Colonies, adopted the Gregorian Calendar when Wednesday, 1752 September 2 O.S. was followed by Thursday, 1752 September 14. N.S. Gregorian Calendar enacted by Roman Catholic Church to bring the calendar back into synchronization with the seasons. (Oct. 4 to 15)

* Fri., Oct. 4 (1957) - Anniversary of the beginning of the Space Age with the first successful launch and orbit of an artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (the country today known by their traditional name, Russia). (Oct. 4)

* Fri., Oct. 4, 12:22 a.m. EDT / 4:22 UTC - Mars enters Constellation Libra the Weighing Scales.

* Fri., Oct. 4, Evening - Annual public Open House of Pittsburgh's historic Allegheny Observatory, when both major telescopes are available for public viewing. Free-of-charge reservations and tickets are available for this event, beginning on August 1 at 9:00 a.m. EDT / 13:00 UTC, by telephoning 412-321-2400. (Friday Evening in September or October)

* Fri., Oct. 4 - Manufacturing Day℠. (Friday in first week of October)

* Oct. 5 to 13 - Biology Week. (First full week in October, including both full weekends on both sides of the week)

* Saturday - May 11, Oct. 5 - Astronomy Day. [Saturday closest to First Quarter Primary Phase of the Moon, in April or May (Spring - Saturday of Astronomy Week) and in September or October (Autumn)]: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

* Sat., Oct. 5 - World Teachers' Day. (Oct. 5)

* Sat., Oct 5 - American Graduate Day. (First Saturday in October)

* Sat., Oct. 5 - Cassette Store Day. (First Saturday in October)

* Sat., Oct. 5, 12:47 p.m. EDT / 16:47 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Sat., Oct. 5, 4:00 p.m. EDT / 21:00 UTC - Saturn 0.3 degree north of the Moon; occultation: Easter Island, southern portion of South America, South Georgia Island, southern portion of Africa.

* Sat., Oct. 5, Evening - International Observe the Moon Night (InOMN).
More info.

* Oct. 6 to 12 - National Employ the Physically Handicapped Week. (First week of October)

* Oct. 6 to 12 - Mental Illness Awareness Week (MIAW) / Mental Health Awareness Week. (First Full Week of October)

* Oct. 6 to 12 - National Metric Week. [Week containing Oct. 10 (10-10)]

* Sun., Oct. 6, 5:00 a.m. EDT / 9:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.1 degree north of the Moon; occultation: Australia, Melanesia, southeastern portion of Micronesia, western portion of Polynesia.

* Oct. 7 to 13 - Teen Read Week. (Second or Third week of October)

* Oct. 7 to 13 - Fire Prevention Week. (Week, from Sunday to Saturday, which includes October 9)

* Mon., Oct. 7 - U.S. Supreme Court begins new term. (First Monday in October)

* Tue., Oct. 8, 1:06 p.m. EDT / 17:06 UTC - Venus enters Constellation Scorpius the Scorpion.

* Tue., Oct. 8, 5:00 p.m. EDT / 21:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of October Draconid Meteor Shower. (Oct. 7 to 8)

* Tue., Oct. 8, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh: 6:51 p.m. EDT / 22:51 UTC) - Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the Hebrew faith. It occurs each year on the 10th day of the Jewish month of Tishrei, which is 9 days after the first day of Rosh Hashanah. The Jewish calendar is based on the Lunar Cycle, so that the first day of each month originally began with the first sighting of a New Moon.

* Wed., Oct. 9 - Leif Erikson Day honors the Norse explorer who brought the first Europeans known to have set foot in North America. (Oct. 9)

* Wed., Oct. 9 - Fire Prevention Day. (Oct. 9)

* Thur., Oct. 10 - National Metric Day. (10-10)

* Thur., Oct. 10 - World Mental Health Day. (Oct. 10)

* Thur., Oct. 10 - National Depression Screening Day® (NDSD) . (Thursday of Mental Illness Awareness Week)

* Thur., Oct. 10, 6:55 a.m. EDT / 10:55 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Thur., Oct. 10, 2:18 p.m. EDT / 18:18 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,213.94555794 statute miles / 405,899 kilometers.

* Fri., Oct. 11 - World Egg Day. (Second Friday in October)
Also see: Embryology "Chick Hatching" Exhibit at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Fri., Oct. 11 - International Day of the Girl. (Oct. 11)

* Oct. 12 to 20 - Week of Non-Violence. (Second full week of October, including Saturday and Sunday of both weekends on both sides of the week)

* Sat., Oct. 12 - Anniversary of Chistopher Columbus Day. (Oct. 12)

* Sat., Oct. 12 - Indie Author Day. (Second Saturday in October)

* Oct. 13 to 19 - Earth Science Week. (Second full week of October)

* Sun., Oct. 13 (1775) - Anniversary of the establishment of the U.S. Navy, originally the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. (Oct. 13)

* Sun., Oct. 13 - Clergy Appreciation National Day of Honoring. (Second Sunday in October)

* Sun., Oct. 13, 5:08 p.m. EDT / 21:08 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Hunter's Moon.
Farthest from Earth and smallest Full Moon in 2019.

* Sun., Oct. 13, 7:53 p.m. EDT / 23:53 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Mon., Oct. 14 - Chistopher Columbus Day Observed: Federal Holiday in U.S.A. (Second Monday in October).
* Mon., Oct. 14 - Indigenous Peoples' Day - Observed by some communities as an alternative to Christopher Columbus Day. (Second Monday in October)

* Mon., Oct. 14 - Thanksgiving Day: Federal Holiday in Canada. (Second Monday in October)

* Mon., Oct. 14 (1947) - Chuck Yeager officially broke the sound barrier. (Oct. 14)
In 2012, At Age 89, Chuck Yeager AGAIN Breaks Sound Barrier.

* Mon., Oct. 14 - World Standards Day. (Oct. 14)

* Mon., Oct. 14 - National Fossil Day. (Oct. 14)

* Mon., Oct. 14, 8:00 p.m. EDT / Oct. 15, 0:00 UTC - Uranus 4 degrees north of the Moon.

* Tue., Oct. 15 - Equilux when considering Civil Twilight (Dawn before sunrise and Dusk after sunset) - When considering Civil Twilight, the day when daylight and darkness, both, have the same length of hours and minutes. Occurs twice each year, approximately 23 days before the Vernal Equinox and 23 days after the Autumnal Equinox. (Feb. 25-26, Oct. 15)

* Tue., Oct. 15 (1582) - Roman Catholic Church instituted the Gregorian Calendar Reform. As part of the Reform, 10 days in October (October 5 through 14) were deleted for the year A.D. 1582, due to the 13 centuries of accumulated error causing a calendar drift of holidays (particularly Easter). In 1582, the date of October 4 (Julian Calendar) was followed the next day by October 15 (Gregorian Calendar). Great Britain and the American Colonies did not adopt the Gregorian Calendar Reform until September of 1752. (Oct. 15)

* Tue., Oct. 15 - Global Handwashing Day. (Oct. 15)

* Wed., Oct. 16 - National Dictionary Day. (Oct. 16)

* Wed., Oct. 16 - Global Ethics Day announced by the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. (Third Wednesday in October)

* Wed., Oct. 16 - World Food Day / Food Engineer Day. (Oct. 16)

* Wed., Oct. 16 - National Boss Day. (Oct. 16, unless date falls on weekend, then closest working day to Oct. 16)

* Wed., Oct. 16 (1957, 10:05 a.m. MST / 12:05 p.m. EST / 17:05 UTC) - U.S. Air Force successfully launches two man-made pellets beyond Earth's gravity into Solar Orbit, from an Aerobee rocket at the Hollornan Air Force Base in Alarnogordo, New Mexico.

* Thur., Oct. 17 (1919) - Centennial Anniversary: Amateur radio station 8XK in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania, indirect predecessor to KDKA-AM Pittsburgh (world's first commercial radio station in 1920), started broadcasting in Pittsburgh region, after World War I restrictions on amateur radio were lifted by the Federal Government. (Oct. 17)

* Thur., Oct. 17 - Get Smart About Credit Day. (Third Thursday in October)

* Fri., Oct. 18 (1767) - Anniversary of the completion of the Mason-Dixon Line Survey, America's most famous boundary line [separating Pennsylvania from Maryland & Virginia (now West Virginia)], produced with the assistance of Astronomy. The Survey ended, prematurely, about 70 miles south of Pittsburgh, when the Native American guides of Astronomers Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon refused to enter their Indian enemy's territory. Philadelphia clock-maker and Astronomer David Rittenhouse, with Surveyor Andrew Ellicott, completed surveying the last 23 miles (to the southwest corner of Pennsylvania) in 1784. (Oct. 18}

* Fri., Oct. 18 - Feast Day of Saint Luke / brief period around October 18 known as Saint Luke's Little Summer, when there is often a short time of calm, dry weather, with mild temperatures. (Oct. 18)
Also see: Stage performance of "Saint Luke," during the historic Star of Bethlehem planetarium drama, at the time of the Christmas holidays at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Sat., Oct. 19 - Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drills. (Oct. 19)

* Sat., Oct. 19 - Sweetest Day. (Third Saturday in October)

* Sat., Oct. 19, 11:00 a.m. EDT / 15:00 UTC - Moon 1.7 degrees south of M35 Open Star Cluster in northern Constellation Gemini the Twins.

* Oct. 20 to 26 - National Chemistry Week (NCW). (Last full week of October)

* Oct. 20 to 26 - National Friends of Libraries Week. (Last full week of October)

* Oct. 20 to 26 - National School Bus Safety Week. (Third Week in October)

* Oct. 20 to 26 - National Teen Driver Safety Week. (Third full week of October)

* Oct. 20 to 26 - Open Access Week. (Last full week of October)

* Oct. 20 to 26 - National Legal Pro-Bono Celebration Week. (Last week of October)

* Oct. 20 to 26 - Male Breast Cancer Awareness Week. (Third full week of October)

* Sun., Oct. 20 - Average end of the Growing Season for the Pittsburgh Quad-State Region (Western Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio, Northern West Virginia, and Western Maryland, except at the higher elevations in the Allegheny Mountains). (Oct. 20)

* Oct. 21 to 25 - Solar Week. (Mid-to-Late March; Mid-to-Late October: weekdays of last full week of October)

* Oct. 21 to 27 - National Estate Planning Awareness Week. (Sept. or Oct.)

* Mon., Oct. 21, 8:39 a.m. EDT / 12:39 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Mon., Oct. 21, 8:00 p.m. EDT / Oct. 22, 0:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Orionid Meteor Shower - remnants from Halley's Comet. (Oct. 21)
"Two-Timers," visitors to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium who saw Halley's Comet in both 1910 and in 1985 to 1986 (in 1985 to 1986 with a Buhl Planetarium telescope, including the historic 10-Inch Siderostat-Type Refractor Telescope).

* Tue., Oct. 22, 1:00 a.m. EDT / 5:00 UTC - Moon 0.7 degree north of the Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44).

* Wed., Oct. 23 - Day of San Juan - Swallows leave Mission San Juan Capistano, California. (Oct. 23)

* Wed., Oct. 23 (2001) - IPOD Day. (Oct. 23)

* Wed., Oct. 23, 6:02 a.m. to 6:02 p.m EDT / 10:02 to 22:02 UTC - Mole Day, unofficial holiday celebrated among chemists, chemistry students, and chemistry enthusiasts, between 6:02 a.m. and 6:02 p.m., making the date 6:02 10/23 in the American style of writing dates. The time and date are derived from Avogadro's number, which is approximately 6.02 × 1023, defining the number of particles (atoms or molecules) in one mole (mol) of substance, one of the seven base SI units. (Oct. 23)

* Oct. 24 to 31 - National Bat Week. (Week that includes Halloween Day: Oct. 24 to 31)

* Thur., Oct. 24 - World Polio Day (Oct. 24)

* Thur., Oct. 24 (1945) - Anniversary of the founding of the United Nations. (Oct. 24)

* Thur., Oct. 24 (1851) - Astronomer William Lassell discovered Uranus moons Ariel and Umbriel. (Oct. 24)

* Thur., Oct. 24 (1939), 8:30 p.m. EST / Oct. 25, 1:30 UTC (Daylight Saving Time not observed in 1939) - Anniversary of the dedication of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Oct. 24)
The original Buhl Planetarium included two historic astronomical instruments:
1) Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, the oldest operable major planetarium projector in the world ! (presently on display as a non-working exhibit).
2) Rather unique 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, which marked its 75th anniversary on 2016 November 19.

* Fri., Oct. 25 (1939), 10:00 a.m. EST / 15:00 UTC (Daylight Saving Time not observed in 1939) - Anniversary of the public opening of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Oct. 25)
The original Buhl Planetarium included two historic astronomical instruments:
1) Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, the oldest operable major planetarium projector in the world ! (presently on display as a non-working exhibit).
2) Rather unique 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, which marked its 75th anniversary on 2016 November 19.

* Sat., Oct. 26 - National Forgiveness Day. (Fourth Saturday of October)

* Sat., Oct. 26, Before Morning Twilight - Zodiacal Light dimly visible in northern latitudes in eastern sky, before morning twilight, for next two weeks. (September, October)

* Sat., Oct. 26, 6:31 a.m. EDT / 10:31 UTC - Moon at perigee: 224,508.24684 statute miles / 361,311 kilometers.

* Sat., Oct. 26, 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - National Prescription Drug Take-Back Days sponsored by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. (Last Saturday in September or October, 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time)

* Sat., Oct. 26, 1:00 p.m. EDT / 17:00 UTC - Mars 5 degrees south of the Moon.

* Sun., Oct. 27 (1858) - Navy Day, the date of the birthday of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, who served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1897 to 1898), wrote the book, The Naval War of 1812 (1882), and as President built-up the U.S. Navy as a world-class fighting fleet. (Oct. 27 is recognized as Navy Day in the U.S. Flag Code, for the display of the U.S. flag.). (Oct. 27)

* Sun., Oct. 27 - World Day for Audiovisual Heritage. (Oct. 27)

* Sun., Oct. 27 - Occupational Therapy Day. (Oct. 27)

* Sun., Oct. 27 - National Potato Day. (Oct. 27)

* Sun., Oct. 27 - Mother-in-Law Day. (Fourth Sunday in October)

* Sun., Oct. 27, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time (Daylight Saving Time) - DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME CONTINUES - Change in Federal law, thus that return to Standard Time occurs 2:00 a.m. Daylight Saving Time (which becomes 1:00 a.m. Standard Time) on the first Sunday in November (previously, last Sunday in October, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time).
Also see:
Some States to Abandon Daylight Saving Time ?
Science of Daylight Saving Time.

* Sun., Oct. 27, 11:38 p.m. EDT / Oct. 28, 3:38 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1198.

* Oct. 28 & 29 (1929) - Black Monday (Oct. 28) & Black Tuesday (Oct. 29) Wall Street Stock Market Crash of 1929. (Oct. 28 & 29)

* Mon., Oct. 28, 4:00 a.m. EDT / 8:00 UTC - Uranus at opposition (Uranus visible approx. local sunset to local sunrise).

* Tue., Oct. 29 (1969) - Anniversary of the connection of the first two nodes of the ARPANET, which led to the formation of the Internet. (Oct. 29)

* Tue., Oct. 29 - National Cat Day. (Oct. 29)

* Tue., Oct. 29, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Venus 4 degrees south of the Moon.

* Wed., Oct. 30 (1938), 8:00 p.m. EST / Oct. 31, 1:00 UTC (Daylight Saving Time not observed in 1938) - Anniversary of the CBS Radio Network broadcast of Orson Welles' radio adaptation of the H.G. Wells science-fiction novel, The War of the Worlds, which caused a panic among some American listeners who thought the Earth was actually being invaded by beings from the Planet Mars. (Oct. 30)

* Wed., Oct. 30, 4:00 a.m. EDT / 8:00 UTC - Mercury 3 degrees south of Venus.

* Oct. 31 / Nov. 1 / Nov. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Samhain or "All-Hallowsmas", better known as Halloween (Oct. 31 - "All Hallows Eve"), All-Saints Day (Nov. 1), All-Souls Day (Nov. 2) (fourth and last traditional cross-quarter day of year). Also, Oct. 31 - Anniversary (1517): Protestant Reformation Day.

What is a "Cross-Quarter Day" ?
What is the Astronomical significance of
Halloween, All-Saints Day, and All-Souls Day?
Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Thur., Oct. 31 - Dark Matter Day. (Oct. 31)

* Thur., Oct. 31, 10:00 a.m. EDT / 14:00 UTC - Jupiter 1.3 degrees south of the Moon; Jupiter and the Moon visually closest: 7:15 p.m. / 23:15 UTC.

* Sun., Nov. 3, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time (Daylight Saving Time) - DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - Change in Federal law thus that return to Standard Time occurs 2:00 a.m. Daylight Saving Time (which becomes 1:00 a.m. Standard Time). (First Sunday in November, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time)
Some States to Abandon Daylight Saving Time ?
Science of Daylight Saving Time.

* Tue., Nov. 5 - General Election Day (First Tuesday after the first Monday in November):
Local and state elections.

* Thur., Nov. 7, 12:14 a.m. EST / 17:14 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (fourth and last actual cross-quarter day of the year: ~Nov. 6-7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 November
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Transit of Mercury Across Solar Disk - November 11

Daylight Saving Time Ends / Standard Time Resumes
First Sunday in November at 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time

* South Taurid Meteor Shower: Nov. 5
* North Taurid Meteor Shower: Nov. 12
* Leonid Meteor Shower: Nov. 17 to 18

WHY LEAVES
CHANGE COLOR

Autumn Foliage Reports --
Foliage Network Reports
Weather Ch. Viewing Maps
National Forests: Link 1 * Link 2
New England
PA * WV * OH * MD

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time

SPECIAL NOTE: For calendar entries which describe a relationship between two or more celestial objects, unless otherwise noted all relationships between celestial objects are visual relationships as seen from Earth only.


* March 19 to April 30, September 24 through November 5 - Tsunami Preparedness Weeks. (mid-March through April, mid-September through early November)

* October through December - The Rut, White-Tailed Deer Mating Season - Vehicle drivers should be on the look-out for deer running across streets and highways.

* Oct. 31 / Nov. 1 / Nov. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Samhain or "All-Hallowsmas", better known as Halloween (Oct. 31 - "All Hallows Eve"), All-Saints Day (Nov. 1), All-Souls Day (Nov. 2) (fourth and last traditional cross-quarter day of year).

What is a "Cross-Quarter Day" ?
What is the Astronomical significance of
Halloween, All-Saints Day, and All-Souls Day?
Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4
Actual Cross-Quarter Day.

* Thur., Oct. 31 - Dark Matter Day. (Oct. 31)

* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory.

* Fri., Nov. 1 - World Vegan Day. (Nov. 1)

* Fri., Nov. 1, 1:00 p.m. EST (Note: Daylight Saving Time was not observed in November until 2007, long after Buhl Planetarium closed as public museum in 1991) / 18:00 UTC - First Friday in November was annual opening of very popular Miniature Railroad and Village (beginning of "Railroad Season") exhibit at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (First Friday in November)

* Fri., Nov. 1, 7:52 p.m. EDT / 23:52 UTC - Moon moves visually close to Saturn.

* Sat., Nov. 2, 3:00 a.m. EDT / 7:00 UTC - Saturn 0.6 degree north of the Moon; occultation: Kerguelen Islands (Antarctic), East Antarctica, South Tasmania, New Zealand, South Polynesia.

* Sat., Nov. 2, 2:00 p.m. EDT / 18:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.4 degree north of the Moon; occultation: southern portion of South America, South Georgia (United Kingdom territory in the South Atlantic Ocean), southern portion of Africa, Madagascar.

* Sat., Nov. 2 (1920), 6:00 p.m. EST / 23:00 UTC (Daylight Saving Time not observed in 1920) - Anniversary - First broadcast of the world's first commercial radio broadcast station: KDKA-AM, Pittsburgh (Nov. 2).
Also see KDKA Historic Firsts (scroll-down page for Historic Firsts).

* Sun., Nov. 3 - Anniversary [Late-Evening November 2 / early-morning November 3 (~3:00 a.m. PST / 11:00 UTC)]: First Light of 100-inch Hooker Reflector Telescope (world's largest telescope: 1917 to 1949) at Mount Wilson Observatory, Los Angeles County, California. (Nov. 3)

* Sun., Nov. 3, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time (Daylight Saving Time) - DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - Change in Federal law thus that return to Standard Time occurs 2:00 a.m. Daylight Saving Time (which becomes 1:00 a.m. Standard Time). (First Sunday in November, 2:00 a.m. Prevailing Local Time)
Some States to Abandon Daylight Saving Time ?
Science of Daylight Saving Time.

* Nov. 4 to 8 - Winter Hazard Awareness Week. (Mid-November)

* Mon., Nov. 4 - National Stress Awareness Day. (Nov. 4)

* Mon., Nov. 4, 5:23 a.m. EST / 10:23 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Tue., Nov. 5 (1605) - Guy Fawkes Day is celebrated in England for the failed plot to blow-up Britain's Houses of Parliament and kill King James I (originally James VI of Scotland) in 1605. Industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie considered this event so important, that several of the public libraries he constructed were dedicated on November 5 ! (Nov. 5).

* Tue., Nov. 5 - United Nations World Tsunami Awareness Day. (Nov. 5).

* Tue., Nov. 5 - General Election Day (First Tuesday after the first Monday in November) - Pennsylvania Election Hours: 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. EST :
Local and state elections.

* Tue., Nov. 5, 7:00 p.m. EST / Nov. 6, 0:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of South Taurid Meteor Shower. (Nov. 5)

* Wed., Nov. 6 (1572) - Anniversary: Discovery of what is known as Tycho's Supernova in the Constellation Cassiopeia the Seated Queen, although Supernova SN 1572 was discovered by several people. (Nov. 6)

* Wed., Nov. 6 (1854) - Birth date of famous American composer John Philip Sousa, who composed the Transit of Venus March, in anticipation of the rare Transit of Venus on 1882 December 6. (Nov. 6)

* Thur., Nov. 7 (1867) - Birth date of Polish chemist Madame Maria Sklodowska Curie who, with her husband Pierre, pioneered research in radio-activity and discovered radio-active elements radium and polonium. (Nov. 7)

* Thur., Nov. 7 - Christmas Mailing Deadline for U.S. Post Office Retail Ground Mail Service to overseas U.S. Military destinations. (Nov. 7)

* Thur., Nov. 7, 12:14 a.m. EST / 17:14 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (fourth and last actual cross-quarter day of the year: ~Nov. 6-7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Thur., Nov. 7, 3:31 a.m. EST / 8:31 UTC - Moon at apogee: 251,691.4 statute miles / 405,058 kilometers.

* Fri.., Nov. 8 (1656 - O.S. 1656 Oct. 29) - Birth date of English Astronomer Edmond Halley, best known for computing the orbit of Halley's Comet. (Nov. 8)

* Fri., Nov. 8 - International Day of Radiology: X-Rays discovered in 1895. Although several scientists, including Nikola Tesla, observed and studied this unusual radiation in the last part of the nineteenth century, credit for discovery is usually given to German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen because he was the first to systematically study the phenomenon. Madame Maria Sklodowska Curie, along with husband Pierre, discovered radio-active elements Radium and Polonium in 1898. (Nov. 8)

* Fri., Nov. 8, 10:00 a.m. EST / 15:00 UTC - Mars 3 degrees north of Star Spica.

* Sat., Nov. 9 (1989) - Fall of the Berlin Wall, the beginning of the permanent fall of Communist governments in Eastern Europe. (Nov. 9)

* Sat., Nov. 9 (1934) - Carl Sagan Day. (Saturday closest to Nov. 9, birthday of Carl Sagan)

* Sat., Nov. 9 - Beginning of Project FeederWatch, annual Citizen Science Project: Winter-long survey of birds that visit feeders at backyards, nature centers, community areas, and other locales in North America. Allows the general public to help scientists track broadscale movements of Winter bird populations and long-term trends in bird distribution and abundance. (Second Saturday in November)

* Sun., Nov. 10 - World Science Day for Peace and Development. (Nov. 10)

* Sun., Nov. 10 (1775) - United States Marine Corps (USMC) established. (Nov. 10)

* Sun., Nov. 10, 2:11 p.m. EST / 19:11 UTC - Mercury closest to Earth.

* Sun., Nov. 10, 11:00 p.m. EST / Nov. 11, 4:00 UTC - Uranus 4 degrees north of the Moon.

* Nov. 11 to 15 - National Rural Health Week. (Mid-November)

* Nov. 11 to 15 - National Career Development Week. (Mid-November)

* Nov. 11 to 15 - Alcohol Awareness Week. (Mid-November)

* Mon., Nov. 11 - Veterans' Day / Armistice Day. (Nov. 11 - U.S.A.; also, when Nov. 11 falls on Saturday or Sunday, the Observed Government Holiday falls on the weekday before or after Nov. 11)

* Mon., Nov. 11 - Remembrance Day. (Nov. 11 - Canada)

* Mon., Nov. 11, 10:00 a.m. EST / 15:00 UTC - Mercury in inferior conjunction with the Sun (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope, except during the somewhat rare Transit of Mercury across the image of the Sun which takes place during this particular inferior conjunction--NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN UNLESS YOU HAVE THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND PROPER TRAINING TO DO SO SAFELY!)

* Mon., Nov. 11, 7:35:27 a.m. to 1:04:14 p.m. EST / 12:35:27 to 18;04;14 UTC - Transit of Mercury across the disk of the Sun with live, on-line coverage ---
NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN UNLESS YOU HAVE THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND PROPER TRAINING TO DO SO SAFELY!
More information: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4 *** Image of Transit of Mercury: 2016 May 9
Live, On-Line Coverage: Link 1 *** Link 2

* Tue., Nov. 12, 4:00 a.m. EST / 9:00 UTC - Asteroid 4 Vesta at opposition (Vesta rises approx. local sunset and sets approx. local sunrise).

* Tue., Nov. 12, 8:34 a.m. EST / 13:34 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon - Beaver Moon.

* Tue., Nov. 12, 6:00 p.m. EST / 23:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of North Taurid Meteor Shower. (Nov. 12)

* Wed., Nov. 13 - National Career Development Day (Wednesday of National Career Development Week)

* Wed., Nov. 13 - Education Support Professionals Day of American Education Week. (Wednesday of American Education Week)

* Wed., Nov. 13 - World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Day. (Third Wednesday in November)

* Wed., Nov. 13 - World Kindness Day. (Nov. 13)

* Wed., Nov. 13 - Parents Day of American Education Week. (Tuesday of American Education Week)

* Thur., Nov. 14 - National Rural Health Day. (Thursday of National Rural Health Week)

* Thur., Nov. 14 - World Diabetes Day. (Nov.14)

* Thur., Nov. 14 - National Pickle Day. (Nov.14)

* Nov. 15 to 17 - National Donor Sabbath - Three-day observance, to increase awareness of life-saving donations, seeks to include the days of worship for major religions practiced in the United States. (Friday through Sunday, two weekends before American Thanksgiving Day)

* Fri., Nov. 15 - Beginning of Orthodox Advent - Orthodox churches use the Julian Calendar and celebrate Advent for 40 days. (Nov. 15)

* Fri., Nov. 15 - National Philanthropy Day®. (Nov. 15)

* Fri., Nov. 15 - America Recycles Day. (Nov. 15)

* Fri., Nov. 15 - Clean-Out Your Refrigerator Day. (Nov. 15)

* Fri., Nov. 15 - Substitute Educators Day of American Education Week. (Friday of American Education Week)

* Fri., Nov. 15 - World Vasectomy Day. (Friday in Mid-November)

* Fri., Nov. 15, 3:41 a.m. EST / 8:41 UTC - Jupiter enters Constellation Sagittarius the Archer.

* Fri., Nov. 15, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Moon 1.5 degrees south of M35 Open Star Cluster.

* Sat., Nov. 16 - International Day for Tolerance. (Nov. 16)

* Sat., Nov. 16 - International Games Day @ Your Library. (Third Saturday in November)

* Sat., Nov. 16 - Mercury at perihelion.

* Nov. 17 to 23 - Winter Safety Awareness Week: Ohio. (Mid-November)

* Nov. 17 to 23 - Financial Planning Week. (Last week of November)

* Sun., Nov. 17 - LUNG FORCE Giving Day. (Nov. 17)

* Sun., Nov. 17 - National Take a Hike Day. (Nov. 17)

* Nov. 18 to 22 - Education Week. (Mid-November)

* Mon., Nov. 18 (1963) - Anniversary: First introduction of commercial, touch-tone (i.e. push-button) telephone service in America, in the Pittsburgh suburbs of Carnegie and Greensburg, Pennsylvania, by the Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania. (Nov. 18)

* Mon., Nov. 18 - African Statistics Day (ASD). (Nov. 18)

* Mon., Nov. 18, 12:00 Noon Local Standard Time (1883) - Anniversary of the establishment of standard time zones by American and Canadian railroads, when Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory sent a time-signal over the telegraph, to coordinate all railroad station clocks. (Nov. 18)
Also see history of new Allegheny Observatory building.

* Mon., Nov. 18, 1:00 a.m. EST / 6:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Leonid Meteor Shower. (Nov. 17 to 18)

* Mon., Nov. 18, 6:00 a.m. EST / 11:00 UTC - Moon 0.9 degree north of the Beehive Open Star Cluster.

* Tue., Nov. 19 (1941) - Anniversary: Dedication of The People's Observatory on the third floor of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, with the rather unique 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope. (Nov. 19)

* Tue., Nov. 19 (1958) - Anniversary: Federal formation of the National Radio Quiet Zone, providing for radio research at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia. (Nov. 19)

* Tue., Nov. 19 (1919) - Anniversary: Pittsburgh experimental radio station 8ZAE, which became KQV-AM 1410, now Pittsburgh's all-news radio station (radio station temporarily suspended broadcasting on 2018 January 1; in September, license converted from commercial to non-commercial, educational) - History:
Link 1 *** Link 2. (Nov. 19)

* Tue., Nov. 19 (1863) - Anniversary: Gettysburg Address presented by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln for the Consecration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War. (Nov. 19)
See also Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall.

* Tue., Nov. 19, 4:11 p.m. EST / 21:11 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Wed., Nov. 20 - GIS Day, a day to showcase the benefits of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). (Third Wednesday of November)

* Wed., Nov. 20 - Universal Children's Day. (Nov. 20)

* Wed., Nov. 20 - Transgender Day of Remembrance. (Nov. 20)

* Thur., Nov. 21 - "Great American Smokeout," to assist people to quit smoking. (Third Thursday in November)

* Thur., Nov. 21 - Children's Grief Awareness Day. (Third Thursday in November)

* Fri., Nov. 22 (1963), 12:30 p.m. CST (1:30 p.m. EST) / 18:30 UTC - Anniversary of the Assassination of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States of America, in Dallas' Dealey Plaza, the man who sent us to the Moon. (Nov. 22)

* Fri., Nov. 22, Evening - Pittsburgh Golden Triangle Light-Up Night, beginning of holiday shopping season; includes evening of downtown buildings lit-up and fireworks. (Friday Evening before American Thanksgiving Day)

* Sat., Nov. 23 - National Adoption Day. (Traditionally, Saturday before American Thanksgiving Day)
(However, moved to Nov. 15 for 2008 not to conflict with 45th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy on November 22.)

* Sat., Nov. 23, 3:00 a.m. EST / 8:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 227,866.8 statute miles / 366,716 kilometers.

* Sun., Nov. 24 - Bible Sunday. (Sunday before American Thanksgiving Day)

* Sun., Nov. 24, 4:00 a.m. EST / 9:00 UTC - Mars 4 degrees south of the Moon.

* Sun., Nov. 24, 6:04 a.m. EST /11:04 UTC - Moon moves visually close to both Mercury and Mars.

* Sun., Nov. 24, 9:00 a.m. EST / 14:00 UTC - Venus 1.4 degrees south of Jupiter (visually closest Nov. 23, 5:25 p.m. EST / 22:25 UTC).

* Sun., Nov. 24, 10:00 p.m. EST / Nov. 25, 3:00 UTC - Mercury 1.9 degrees south of the Moon (visually closest Nov. 25, 6:14 a.m. EST / 11:14 UTC).

* Mon., Nov. 25 (1915) - Anniversary: Dr. Albert Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. (Nov. 25)

* Mon., Nov. 25 (1835) - Industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie born in Dunfermline, Scotland; immigrated to Pittsburgh in 1848. (Nov. 25)

* Mon., Nov. 25 - International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. (Nov. 25)

* Mon., Nov. 25 - Christmas Mailing Deadline for U.S. Post Office Space Available Mail (SAM) Service to overseas U.S. Military destinations. (Nov. 25)

* Tue., Nov. 26 - Shopping Reminder Day (Yes, a specially-designated day!). (Nov. 24 to 26, usually Nov. 26)

* Tue., Nov. 26 (1758) - Anniversary: Founding of Pittsburgh by British General John Forbes, who originally named the town "Pittsborough," named in honor of British Secretary of State William Pitt the Elder. (Nov. 26)

* Tue., Nov. 26, 3:06 p.m. EST / 15:06 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1199.

* Wed., Nov. 27 (1861) - First light for 13-inch Fitz (later Fitz-Clark) Refractor Telescope (then, third largest telescope in the world !), at original Allegheny Observatory in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (which was annexed to Pittsburgh in 1907 and is now Pittsburgh's North Side), which was located just up the hill from the site where Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science was built in 1939. (Nov. 27)
Also see history of new Allegheny Observatory building.

* Nov. 28 to Dec. 2 - Thanksgiving Day (American) Holiday Weekend. (American Thanksgiving Day through following Monday)
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours during this holiday weekend --
Thursday, Friday, Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (Friday - Observatory to 10:30 p.m.) EST
Sunday: 12:00 Noon to 9:30 p.m. EST
Monday: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST
American Thanksgiving Day (in earlier years, December 1) was the beginning of the classic, "Star of Bethlehem" planetarium sky drama at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. This traditional, holiday sky show, which provides possible, astronomical explanations for the star that guided the Three Wisemen to the Christ child, has been shown at Buhl Planetarium every Christmas season since 1939, and it is being shown American Thanksgiving Week through the beginning of the New Year at the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center under the title, "The Christmas Star." This graphic was used to promote the show in Buhl's monthly, public newsletter, during Buhl Planetarium's 50th anniversary in 1989. More on this historic sky show, including a complete copy of the 1979 show script.

* Thur., Nov. 28 - Thanksgiving Day (American): Link 1 *** Link 2. (Fourth Thursday in November - U.S.A.)

* Thur., Nov. 28 (1660) - Founding of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, possibly the oldest such society still in existence. (Nov. 28)

* Thur., Nov. 28 - Venus at aphelion.

* Thur., Nov. 28, 6:00 a.m. EST / 11:00 UTC - Jupiter 0.7 degree south of the Moon; occultation: majority of Europe, northern portion of Africa, Middle East, western portion of Asia.

* Thur., Nov. 28, 2:00 p.m. EST / 19:00 UTC - Venus 1.9 degrees south of the Moon.

* Fri., Nov. 29 - "Black Friday" - Was one of the busiest days of the year (sometimes the busiest !) at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Day after American Thanksgiving Day, U.S.A.)

* April 20, Nov. 29 - Record Store Day. (Second or third Saturday in April & Black Friday in November)

* Fri., Nov. 29, 4:00 p.m. EST / 21:00 UTC - Saturn 0.9 degree north of the Moon; occultation: southern portion of New Zealand, Antarctica, South Georgia (U.K.).

* Fri., Nov. 29, 11:00 p.m. EST / Nov. 30, 4:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.5 degree north of the Moon; occultation: Australia, New Zealand, and some neighbouring islands, Kerguelen Islands (Antarctic), portions of Antarctica, southeastern portion of Polynesia.

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Small Business Saturday. (Saturday after Black Friday)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Computer Security Day. (Nov. 30)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - St Andrew's Day. (Nov. 30)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Last day of Hurricane Season. (Nov. 30)

* Sat., Nov. 30, 2:47 p.m. EST / 19:47 UTC - Mars enters Constellation Libra the Weighing Scales.

* Sun., Dec. 1 - First Sunday in Advent (Traditional). (First of four Sundays in Advent prior to Christmas Day)

* Mon., Dec. 2 - Pennsylvania: First day of Deer (Antlered and Antlerless) Hunting Season by Rifle. (Monday after American Thanksgiving Day)
[Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours on this day (9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST), as some school districts were closed this day.]

* Mon., Dec. 2 - Cyber Monday. (Monday after Black Friday)

* Tue., Dec. 3 - Giving Tuesday - Day for people to donate time and/or money to needy charities, following the American Thanksgiving Weekend beginning of the holiday shopping season (Tuesday after Black Friday).

* Wed., Dec. 4, 8:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 5, 1:00 UTC - Annual lighting of the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree, located in Mid-Town Manhattan, New York City. Since 1997, the annual event has been broadcast live, nationally, on NBC-TV, which is headquartered in the original RCA Building of Rockefeller Center, adjacent to Rockefeller Plaza where the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree is mounted. (Wednesday after American Thanksgiving Day)

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 December
Monthly Observances This Month

2019: International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

WINTER BEGINS: Dec. 21 to 22

Meteor Showers: Geminid - Dec. 13 to 14 *** Ursid - Dec. 22

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart

View International Space Station (ISS)
Rocket Launches This Month: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time

SPECIAL NOTES:
(1) All astronomical or sky observations are always weather-permitting.
(2) For calendar entries which describe a relationship between two or more celestial objects, unless otherwise noted all relationships between celestial objects are visual relationships as seen from Earth only.


* October through December - The Rut, White-Tailed Deer Mating Season - Vehicle drivers should be on the look-out for deer running across streets and highways.

* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory. (Nov. 1 to April 30)

* Nov. 28 to Dec. 2 - Thanksgiving (American) Holiday Weekend. (American Thanksgiving Day through following Monday)
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours during this holiday weekend --
Thursday, Friday, Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (Friday - Observatory to 10:30 p.m.) EST
Sunday: 12:00 Noon to 9:30 p.m. EST
Monday: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST
American Thanksgiving Day (in earlier years, December 1) was the beginning of the classic, "Star of Bethlehem" planetarium sky drama at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. This traditional, holiday sky show, which provides possible, astronomical explanations for the star that guided the Three Wisemen to the Christ child, has been shown at Buhl Planetarium every Christmas season since 1939, and it is being shown American Thanksgiving Week through the beginning of the New Year at the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center under the title, "The Christmas Star." This graphic was used to promote the show in Buhl's monthly, public newsletter, during Buhl Planetarium's 50th anniversary in 1989. More on this historic sky show, including a complete copy of the 1979 show script.

* Thur., Nov. 28 - Thanksgiving Day (American): Link 1 *** Link 2. (Fourth Thursday in November - U.S.A.)

* Fri., Nov. 29 - "Black Friday" - Was one of the busiest days of the year (sometimes the busiest !) at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Day after American Thanksgiving Day, U.S.A.)

* April 20, Nov. 29 - Record Store Day. (Second or third Saturday in April & Black Friday in November)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Small Business Saturday. (Saturday after Black Friday)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Computer Security Day. (Nov. 30)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - St Andrew's Day. (Nov. 30)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Last day of Hurricane Season. (Nov. 30)

* Sat., Nov. 30 - Pennsylvania: First day of Deer (Antlered and Antlerless) Hunting Season by Rifle. (Saturday after American Thanksgiving Day)

* Dec. 1 to 7 - Computer Science Education Week, including Hour of Code events. (First or second week of December)

* Dec. 1 to 7 - National Handwashing Awareness Week. (First full week of December)

* Dec. 1 to 7 - National Influenza Vaccination Week. (First week of December)

* Dec. 1 to 7 - Crohn's & Colitis Awareness Week. (Dec. 1 to 7)

* Sun., Dec. 1 - Museum Store Sunday. (Sunday after American Thanksgiving Day)

* Sun., Dec. 1 - First day of Meteorological Winter. (Dec. 1)

* Sun., Dec. 1 - Beginning of Summer Season in Australia. (Dec. 1)

* Sun., Dec. 1 (1964) - Anniversary of the Tripoli Rocket Club, now known as the Tripoli Rocketry Association , was founded in Rillton, Pennsylvania near Irwin, Pennsylvania, in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area. Francis G. Graham, today Professor Emeritus of Physics at Kent State University, was one of the key founders. (Dec. 1)

* Sun., Dec. 1 - World AIDS Day. (Dec. 1)

* Sun., Dec. 1 - First Sunday in Advent (Traditional). (First of four Sundays in Advent prior to Christmas Day)

* Mon., Dec. 2 (1919) - Centennial Anniversary: Death of Industrialist and education and astronomical philanthropist Henry Clay Frick (Birth: 1849 December 19). He provided much of the funding for construction of the second, three-dome Allegheny Observatory, dedicated in 1912. He asked astronomer John A. Brashear to organize the Henry Clay Frick Educational Commission, to fund supplemental educational opportunities for public school teachers, as well as provide for free-of-charge, public tours of the Allegheny Observatory several evenings a week during the warm-weather months. (Dec. 2)

* Mon., Dec. 2 - Pennsylvania: First weekday of Deer (Antlered and Antlerless) Hunting Season by Rifle. (Monday after American Thanksgiving Day)
[Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours on this day (9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST), as some school districts were closed this day, which originally was the first day of Deer (Antlered and Antlerless) Hunting Season by Rifle.]

* Mon., Dec. 2 - Cyber Monday. (Monday after Black Friday)

* Mon., Dec. 2, 9:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 3, 2:00 UTC - Asteroid 2 Pallas in conjunction with the Sun (Pallas not visible, even with a telescope).

* Mon., Dec. 2, 1:20 p.m. EST / 18:20 UTC - Jupiter enters Constellation Capricornus the Horned Goat.

* Tue., Dec. 3 - Giving Tuesday - Day for people to donate time and/or money to needy charities, following the American Thanksgiving Weekend beginning of the holiday shopping season (Tuesday after Black Friday).

* Tue., Dec. 3 - International Day of Persons with Disabilities. (Dec. 3)

* Wed., Dec. 4, 1:58 a.m. EST / 6:58 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Wed., Dec. 4, 8:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 5, 1:00 UTC - Annual lighting of the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree, located in Mid-Town Manhattan, New York City. Since 1997, the annual event has been broadcast live, nationally, on NBC-TV, which is headquartered in the original RCA Building of Rockefeller Center, adjacent to Rockefeller Plaza where the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree is mounted. (Wednesday after American Thanksgiving Day)

* Wed., Dec. 4, 11:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 5, 4:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 251,311 statute miles / 404,446 kilometers.

* Thur., Dec. 5 - International Volunteer Day (IVD). (Dec. 5)

* Thur., Dec. 5, Evening - Krampus Night - Krampus is a horned, anthropomorphic figure described as "half-goat, half-demon", who, during the Christmas season (particularly the evening before the Feast of Saint Nicholas), punishes children who have misbehaved, in contrast with Saint Nicholas, who rewards the well-behaved with gifts. (Dec. 5, Evening)

* Fri., Dec. 6 - Feast of Saint Nicholas (Traditional: Gregorian Calendar). (Dec. 6)

* Fri., Dec. 6 - Microwave Oven Day. (Dec. 6)

* Fri., Dec. 6 (2013), 10:00 a.m. EST / 15:00 UTC - Anniversary of the dedication of the Southwestern Pennsylvania World War II Memorial located near other memorials, remembering veterans of the Korea and Vietnam conflicts, in the Roberto Clemente North Shore Riverfront Park, a few blocks southwest of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Dec. 6)

* Sat., Dec. 7 - International Civil Aviation Day. (Dec. 7)

* Sat., Dec. 7 (1941), 7:48 a.m. Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time / 12:48 p.m. EST / 17:48 UTC - Anniversary of Japanehase surprise attack on American Naval Fleet, leading to American entry into World War II: Pearl Harbor Day. (Dec. 7)
Just two and one-half weeks earlier, during the activities surrounding the dedication of a unique 10-inch Siderostat-Type Refractor Telescope at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, a new Buhl Planetarium gallery exhibit also opened with the-then intriguing title, "Can America Be Bombed?"

* Sun., Dec. 8, 6:00 a.m. EST / 11:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Mon., Dec. 9 - Green Monday, described by E-Bay as the best on-line sales day in December. (Second Monday in December)

* Mon., Dec. 9, 4:42 a.m. EST / 9:42 UTC - Mercury enters Constellation Sagittarius the Archer.

* Mon., Dec. 9 (1965), 4:44 p.m. EST / 21:44 UTC - Anniversary of "UFO" Incident in Pittsburgh suburb of Kecksburg, Pennsylvania. (Dec. 9)

* Tue., Dec. 10 - U.S. Mail-by Date, International Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: Priority Mail International. (Dec. 9 to 10)

* Tue., Dec. 10 - Human Rights Day. (Dec. 10)

* Tue., Dec. 10 - Annual Nobel Prize Awards Ceremony (occurs on the date of death of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who established annual awards), except awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize. (Dec. 10)

* Tue., Dec. 10, 5:38 p.m. EST / 22:38 UTC - Venus and Saturn appear close.

* Tue., Dec. 10, 11:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 11, 4:00 UTC - Venus 1.8 degrees south of Saturn.

* Thur., Dec. 12, 12:12 a.m. EST / 5:12 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon (Cold Moon or Long-Nights Moon).

* Thur., Dec. 12, 11:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 13, 4:00 UTC - Moon 1.5 degrees south of Open Star Cluster M35.

* Fri., Dec. 13 - Feast of Saint Lucy. Celebrated on the longest night of the year of the Juilian Calendar, prior to Gregorian calendar reform. (Dec. 13)

* Fri., Dec. 13 - Wreaths Across America where volunteers place wreaths at graves at many cemeteries. (Dec. 13)

* Fri., Dec. 13 - "Friday the 13th" superstition; debunking this superstition, purpose of character King Friday the 13th on popular PBS children's television series, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (originated at WQED-TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh). (Friday the 13th)

* Dec. 14 to Jan. 5 - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Audubon Society Christmas Bird Count. (Dec. 14 to Jan. 5)

* Sat., Dec. 14 (1807) - First recorded meteorite in the New World fell in Weston, Connecticut. (Dec. 14)

* Sat., Dec. 14 - Beginning of two-week period, centering on the Winter Solstice: Halcyon Days of December, when it is believed the seas would be calm and winds light. (Dec. 14)

* Sat., Dec. 14 - U.S. Mail-by Date, International Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: Priority Mail Express International. (Dec. 14 to 15)

* Sat., Dec. 14 - U.S. Mail-by Date, Domestic Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: Packages & Non-First Class Mail. (Dec. 15)

* Sat., Dec. 14 - Free Shipping Day by Internet merchants for delivery of Christmas gifts by Christmas Eve. (Third week in December)

* Sat., Dec. 14, 2:00 p.m. EST / 19:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Geminid Meteor Shower. (Dec. 13 to 14)

* Sun., Dec. 15 (1965) - First rendezvous of two spacecraft (NASA Gemini 6 & 7), both containing astronauts, although there was no docking of the spacecraft. (Dec. 15)

* Sun., Dec. 15 (1791) - Anniversary of the ratification of the Bill of Rights amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America. (Dec. 15)

* Sun., Dec. 15, 11:00 a.m. EST / 16:00 UTC - Moon 1.0 degree north of Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44).

* Mon., Dec. 16 (1917) - Anniversary of the birth of famous science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke.

* Mon., Dec. 16 - Busiest Mailing Day of the Year. (Second Monday before Christmas Day)

* Tue., Dec. 17 - Beginning of ancient, week-long Roman festival of Saturnalia, which marked the end of the Autumn harvest and beginning of Winter planting; known for gift giving and feasting. (Dec. 17)

* Tue., Dec. 17 (1790) - Aztec Calendar Stone found. (Dec. 17)

* Tue., Dec. 17 (1903) - Wright Brothers Day, commemorating the first powered flight of a man in 1903, credited to the Wright Brothers. (Dec. 17)

* Wed., Dec. 18, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 230,072 statute miles / 370,265 kilometers.

* Wed., Dec. 18, 11:57 p.m. EST / Dec.19, 4:57 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Thur., Dec. 19 (1958) - First radio broadcast transmitted from Outer Space - President Dwight D. Einsenhower, in a pre-recorded message, transmitted wishes for peace on Earth, via a short-wave radio frequency from the US Army's Project SCORE (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) communications satellite, which was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida on 1958 December 18. (Dec. 19)

* Thur., Dec. 19 (1849) - 170th Anniversary: Birth of Industrialist and education and astronomical philanthropist Henry Clay Frick (Death: 1919 December 2). He provided much of the funding for construction of the second, three-dome Allegheny Observatory, dedicated in 1912. He asked astronomer John A. Brashear to organize the Henry Clay Frick Educational Commission, to fund supplemental educational opportunities for public school teachers, as well as provide for free-of-charge, public tours of the Allegheny Observatory several evenings a week during the warm-weather months. (Dec. 19)

* Thur., Dec. 19 - Feast of Saint Nicholas (Orthodox: Julian Calendar). (Dec. 19)

* Thur., Dec. 19 - U.S. Mail-by Date, International Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: Global Express Guaranteed. (Dec. 19 to 20)

* Fri., Dec. 20 - U.S. Mail-by Date, Domestic Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: First Class Mail - Packages. (Dec. 19 to 20)

* Fri., Dec. 20 - U.S. Mail-by Date, Domestic Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: Priority Mail. (Dec. 20 to 21)

* Sat., Dec. 21 (1898) - The radioactive element Radium was discovered by Polish scientist Maria Sklodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre Curie. (Dec. 21)

* Sat., Dec. 21 - Super Saturday - Last major shopping day of the Christmas shopping season; Black Friday is considered the first major shopping day. (Saturday before Christmas Day)

* Sat., Dec. 21 - Homeless Persons' Memorial Day - The first day of winter. The longest night of the year (Dec. 21).

* Sat., Dec. 21, 11:19 p.m. EST / Dec. 22, 4:19 UTC - Winter Solstice: beginning of Winter season in Earth's Northern Hemisphere (~Dec. 21 to 22).
Also see: "The Stars of Winter" and "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Dramas (web sites include entire planetarium show scripts), performed each Winter in the Theater of the Stars of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Dec. 22, local Sunset (Sunset for Pittsburgh: 4:57 p.m. EST / 21:57 UTC) to Dec. 30, local Sunset (Sunset for Pittsburgh: 5:02 p.m. EST / 22:02 UTC) - Hanukkah or Chanukah (Jewish festival of re-dedication, also known as the Festival of Lights.); date of Hanukkah based on the Hebrew calendar, which is a lunisolar calendar: Link 1 *** Link 2.
(Late Nov. to late Dec.)

* Sun., Dec. 22, 9:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 23, 2:00 UTC - Mars 4 degrees south of the Moon.

* Sun., Dec. 22, 10:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 23, 3:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of the Ursid Meteor Shower. (Dec. 22)

* Mon., Dec. 23 (1672) - Second largest moon of Saturn, Rhea, discovered by noted Astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini. (Dec. 23)

* Mon., Dec. 23 (1947) - Anniversary of the unveiling of the Transistor by Bell Labs (then owned by the American Telephone and Telegraph Corporation). (Dec. 23)
Also see: Merger of Laser & Transistor Could Improve Computer Speed, Battery Life

* Mon., Dec. 23 - Festivus secular, non-commercial holiday popularized by the NBC-TV program Seinfeld. (Dec. 23)

* Mon., Dec. 23 - U.S. Mail-by Date, Domestic Service, for Delivery by Christmas Day: Priority Mail Express. (Dec. 22 to 23)

* Mon., Dec. 23 - Busiest package delivery day of the year. (Monday before Christmas Eve)

* Dec. 24 to Jan. 2 - Christmas Day / New Year's Day Holiday Week (approx. Christmas Day to New Year's Day, including adjacent weekends).
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours during this holiday week --
Monday through Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (Friday - Observatory to 10:30 p.m.) EST
Sunday:12:00 Noon to 9:30 p.m. EST
EXCEPT -
Christmas Day: Closed
Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST (If Sunday, opened at 12:00 Noon)
New Year's Day: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. EST (If Sunday, opened at 12:00 Noon)
American Thanksgiving Day (in earlier years, December 1) was the beginning of the classic, "Star of Bethlehem" planetarium sky drama at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. This traditional, holiday sky show, which provides possible, astronomical explanations for the star that guided the Three Wisemen to the Christ child, has been shown at Buhl Planetarium every Christmas season since 1939, and it is being shown American Thanksgiving Week through the beginning of the New Year at the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center under the title, "The Christmas Star." This graphic was used to promote the show in Buhl's monthly, public newsletter, during Buhl Planetarium's 50th anniversary in 1989. More on this historic sky show, including a complete copy of the 1979 show script.

* Tue., Dec. 24 - Eve of Christmas Day (Traditional). (Dec. 24)

* Tue., Dec. 24 (1965) - First musical instruments played in Outer Space: playing of Christmas song "Jingle Bells" on an 8-note Hohner "Little Lady" harmonica and a handful of small bells, on the NASA Gemini 6 spacecraft. (Dec. 24)

* Tue., Dec. 24 (1968), 4:59 a.m. EST / 9:59 UTC - Anniversary of the first manned space flight to enter orbit of another planetary body (Earth's Moon) - NASA Apollo 8: Link 1 *** Link 2. (Dec. 24)

* Dec. 25 to Jan. 5 - The 12 days of Christmas. (Dec. 25)

* Wed., Dec. 25 - Christmas Day (Traditional) or Feast of the Nativity. (Dec. 25)
The classic "Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama performed every Christmas holiday season, 1939 through 1990, in the Theater of the Stars at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Wed., Dec. 25 (A.D. 336) - First recorded celebration of Christmas Day (Christ's mass). (Dec. 25)

* Wed., Dec. 25 - Winter Solstice according to ancient calendars. (Dec. 25)

* Wed., Dec. 25 - Mithraic New Year and the birthday of Mithras - Mithraism, also known as the Mithraic mysteries, was a Roman mystery religion centered on the god Mithras. The religion was inspired by Iranian worship of the Zoroastrian god Mithra. The three Magi, who visited the Christ child, were said to be Zoroastrian priests. Zoroastrianism was founded by Zoroaster (or Zarathushtra) in ancient Iran. Zoroastrianism or Mazdayasna is one of the world's oldest continuously practiced religions. It is centered in a dualistic cosmology of good and evil. (Dec. 25)

* Dec. 26 to Jan. 1 - Kwanzaa - Week-long holiday observance honoring African-American heritage. (Dec. 26)

* Thur., Dec. 26 - Boxing Day. (Dec. 26)

* Thur., Dec. 26 - Feast of St. Stephen. (Dec. 26)

* Thur., Dec. 26 - Spend Your Gift Card Day (although gift cards never expire, unless the company goes out-of-business). (Dec. 26)

* Thur., Dec. 26, 12:13 a.m. EST / 5:13 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation #1200.

* Thur., Dec. 26, 12:17:41 a.m. EST / 5:17:41 UTC - Time of greatest eclipse during Annular Solar Eclipse, visible in Saudi Arabia, southern portion of India, and portions of Indonesia; Partial Solar Eclipse visible in Europe, parts of Asia, and the northern and western sections of Australia: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3
SPECIAL NOTE: DURING ANNULAR AND PARTIAL ECLIPSES OF THE SUN / SOLAR ECLIPSES, AT NO TIME IS IT SAFE TO LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN WITHOUT THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND PROPER TRAINING TO DO SO SAFELY!
SOLAR ECLIPSE / ECLIPSE OF THE SUN: TIPS FOR SAFE VIEWING

* Fri., Dec. 27 (1571) - Anniversary: birth of German Astronomer Johannes Kepler. (Dec. 27)
Photograph of inscription of Kepler's name, just below the outer planetarium dome on Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Fri., Dec. 27, 7:00 a.m. EST / 12:00 UTC - Saturn 1.2 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., Dec. 27, 10:00 a.m. EST / 15:00 UTC - Dwarf Planet Pluto 0.6 degree north of the Moon; occultation: southern portion of South America, South Georgia Island, portions of Antarctica, Kerguelen Islands, southern tip of Africa, southern portion if Madagascar.

* Fri., Dec. 27, 2:00 p.m. EST / 19:00 UTC - Jupiter in conjunction with the Sun (Jupiter not visible, even with at telescope).

* Sat., Dec. 28, 9:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 29, 2:00 UTC - Venus 1.0 degree north of the Moon; occultation: Antarctica, southern tip of South America.

* Mon., Dec. 30 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Tue., Dec. 31 - Make Up Your Mind Day. (Dec. 31)

* Tue., Dec. 31 - Eve of New Year's Day (Traditional). (Dec. 31)

* Tue., Dec. 31, 7:00:00 p.m. EST / 2020 Jan. 1, 00:00:00 UTC - Marks the beginning of the New Year by the Coordinated Universal Time scale, the time scale used by many scientists. (Dec. 31)

* Wed., 2020 Jan. 1, 12:00:00 Midnight (00:00:00) Prevailing Local Time - For Eastern Standard Time (EST) Zone in North America: 12:00:00 Midnight EST / 5:00:00 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) which correlates with 12:00:00 Midnight EST - New Year's Day: New Calendar Year begins. (Jan. 1)

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Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2019

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This Internet Web Page: < http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2019.html >
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2019 January

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Other Internet Web Sites of Interest

History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

History of Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago

Astronomer, Educator, and Telescope Maker John A. Brashear

History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries

Historic Duquesne Incline cable-car railway, Pittsburgh

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