Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2019

Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.


Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
Electronic Mail: < astrocalendar@planetarium.cc > *** Internet Web Cover Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc >
This Internet Web Page: < http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2019.html >
SpaceWatchtower Blog
2019 January

Internet Web Site Master Index for the History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

SpaceWatchtower Blog


ASTRONOMICAL / CALENDAR EVENTS --

A.D. 2019

January ** February ** March

April ** May ** June

July ** August ** September

October ** November ** December


2019

Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days

Chronological Cycles and Eras

Astro Calendar
Current Month

Astro Calendar
Archives


Constellations
For Year

Star Charts
For Year

Moon Phases:
Archive * 2019 * Today

Next 27.32166 Days (Orbital Period)
(Scroll to bottom of page)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week

Solar System *** Archive

Occultations:

Archive * 2019

10,000-Year
Calendar

Astronomy Links

Science Links

Astronomical Glossary
Click here for links to the Moon, planets, star clusters, stars, and other astronomical terms referred to in this Astronomical Calendar.

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days - Archive

* Sat., Feb. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Imbolc, and also Candlemas, better known as Groundhog Day. (First traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Winter season: Feb. 1 Eve - Feb. 2).
(Groundhog Day at Gobler's Knob, Punxsutawney PA 15767, home of Punxsutawney Phil: - Sunrise: 7:26 a.m. EST / 12:26 UTC) .

* Sat., Feb. 3, 10:01 p.m. EST / Feb. 4, 3:01 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (First actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Winter season: ~Feb. 4).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Wed., March 20, 5:58 p.m. EDT / 21:58 UTC - Vernal Equinox - Season of Spring begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere: beginning of New Year (solar calendar) in Afghanistan and Iran. (~March 20)

* Wed., May 1 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; approximate mid-way point in Spring season (May 1).

* Sat., May 5, 2:58 p.m. EDT / 18:58 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Beltaine, better known as May Day - Second traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day of year; mid-way point in Spring season (~May 5-6).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Fri., June 21, 11:54 a.m. EDT / 15:54 UTC - Summer Solstice - Season of Summer begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere (~June 21).
Also see 1985-1991: Summer "Solstice Day," Annual Free Day at Buhl Planetarium.

* Thur., Aug. 1 - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day, also known as “Lammas” (in the United Kingdom) and “Lughnassad” (in Ireland). Considered approximate date of First Harvest (third traditional cross-quarter day of the year), approximately between the Midsummer Solstice and the Autumnal Equinox (July 31 Eve - Aug. 1).

* Tue., Aug. 7, 3:19 p.m. EDT / 19:19 UTC - Astronomical Mid-Point of Summer - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (halfway between the June Solstice and September Equinox: ~Aug. 6 to 7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Mon., Sept. 23 - Falls Prevention Awareness Day (First day of Fall: ~Sept. 22-23).

* Mon., Sept. 23, 3:50 a.m. EDT / 7:50 UTC - Autumnal Equinox - Season of Autumn begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere. (~Sept. 22)
Also see: Harvest Moon.

* Thur., Oct. 31 / Fri., Nov. 1 / Sat., Nov. 2 - Traditional Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day Samhain or "All-Hallowsmas", better known as Halloween (Oct. 31 - "All Hallows Eve"), All-Saints Day (Nov. 1), All-Souls Day (Nov. 2) (fourth and last traditional cross-quarter day of year).

What is a "Cross-Quarter Day" ?
What is the Astronomical significance of
Halloween, All-Saints Day, and All-Souls Day?
Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4

* Wed., Nov. 7, 12:14 a.m. EST / 17:14 UTC - Actual Astronomical Cross-Quarter Day (fourth and last actual cross-quarter day of the year: ~Nov. 6-7).
Traditional Cross-Quarter Day.

* Sat., Dec. 21 - Homeless Persons' Memorial Day. (First day of Winter; longest night of the year: ~Dec. 21)

* Sat., Dec. 21, 11:19 p.m. EST / Dec. 22, 4:19 UTC - Winter Solstice - Season of Winter begins in Earth's Northern Hemisphere. (~Dec. 21-22)
Also see: "The Stars of Winter" and "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Dramas (web sites include entire planetarium show scripts), performed each Winter in the Theater of the Stars of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Chronological Cycles and Eras Corresponding to Anno Domini (A.D.) 2019 or 2019 Common Era (C.E.) - Archive

Unless otherwise indicated, all dates are given in terms of the Gregorian Calendar.
For recent years, January 14 of the Gregorian Calendar corresponds to January 1 of the Julian Calendar.

Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.
Epact: 24.
Golden Number (Lunar Cycle): VI.
Roman Indiction: 12.
Solar Cycle (28-year cycle of the Julian calendar): 12.
Julian Period (Year of): 6732.

Byzantine Year 7528 Begins Sept. 14.
Jewish Year (A.M.) 5780 Begins at local Sunset, Sept. 29.
Chinese (Lunar Calendar) Year of the Pig 4717 Begins Feb. 5.
Roman A.U.C. (Dates from the founding of the City of Rome) Year 2772 Begins Jan. 14.
Nabonassar Year 2768 Begins April 19.
Japanese (Heisei) Year 2679 - Period or Era 30 Begins January 1.
Grecian Year (Selucidae) 2331 Begins Sept. 14 (or Oct. 14).
Indian Year (Saka) 1941 Begins March 22.
Diocletian Era (Era of the Martyrs) Year 1736 Begins Sept. 12.
Islamic (Hegira) (FCNA date) Year 1441 Begins at first viewing of lunar crescent (New Moon) on evening (after local Sunset) of Aug. 30.

NEWS: Astronomy, Space, Science

History of Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh


A.D. 2019

Astronomical Calendar: 2019 January
Monthly Observances This Month

Eclipses: Solar - Jan. 5 to 6 *** Lunar - Jan. 20 to 21

Quadrantid Meteor Shower: Jan. 3 to 4

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Solar System *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2019 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2019 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "F" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year of 2019.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astronomical Calendar
Archives

Other
Astronomical Calendars: Link 1 * Link 2

10,000-Year Calendar

Rise & Set Times

Current Sky Events & Astro Phenomena

News: Astronomy, Space, Science --

Weekly: SpaceWatchtower Blog

Daily: SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed

History of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Astronomy Links

Science Links


a.m. = Ante-Meridiem (Morning: Midnight to a moment before Noon)

p.m. = Post-Meridiem (Afternoon & Evening: a moment after Noon to a moment before Midnight of the next day)

EST = Eastern Standard Time *** EDT = Eastern Daylight Saving Time *** UTC = Coordinated Universal Time


* Nov. 1 to April 30 - Use of life jackets by every person on a small boat (less than 16 feet in length), during cold-weather months, is mandatory. (Nov. 1 to April 30)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31 - Make Up Your Mind Day. (Dec. 31)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31 - Eve of New Year's Day (Traditional). (Dec. 31)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31, 7:00:00 p.m. EST / 2019 Jan. 1, 00:00:00 UTC - Marks the beginning of the New Year by the Coordinated Universal Time scale, the time scale used by many scientists. (Dec. 31)

* Mon., 2018 Dec. 31, 9:20 p.m. EST / 2019 Jan. 1, 2:20 UTC - Mars enters Constellation Aries the Ram.

* Tue., Jan. 1 - Feast of the Circumcision of Christ - Eighth day of the 12 days of Christmas: Dec. 25 to Jan. 5. During the Gregorian Calendar reform, Pope Gregory XIII, chose the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ as the beginning of the New Year in the Roman Catholic Church's Liturgical Year; previously, the Feast of the Annunciation on March 25 (also the Vernal Equinox in the "original" Julian Calendar adopted by the second King of Rome, Numa Pompilius, in the 7th century B.C.) had been considered the beginning of the New Year. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1 - Last day of Kwanzaa - Week-long holiday observance honoring African-American heritage. (Dec. 26 to Jan. 1)

* Mon., Jan. 1 (1863) - Anniversary: Emancipation Proclamation issued by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, which decreed that slaves in the rebellious states are free forever. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1 - First Day Hikes in America’s State Parks. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1, 12:00:00 Midnight (00:00:00) Prevailing Local Time - For Eastern Standard Time (EST) Zone in North America: 12:00:00 Midnight EST / 5:00:00 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) which correlates with 12:00:00 Midnight EST - New Year's Day: New Calendar Year begins. (Jan. 1)

* Tue., Jan. 1, 12:33 a.m. EST / 5:33 UTC - NASA's New Horizons interplanetary space probe (which flew-past Dwarf Planet Pluto on 2015 July 14) flies-by Kuiper Belt object (similar to small asteroid or comet) Ultima Thule.
First photograph of Ultima Thule received by NASA

* Tue., Jan. 1, 5:00 p.m. EST / 22:00 UTC - Venus 1.3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Wed., Jan. 2, 1:00 a.m. EST / 6:00 UTC - Saturn in conjunction with the Sun (Saturn not visible, even with a telescope).

* Thur., Jan. 3 - U.S. Congress begins first session of 116th Congress, U.S. Capitol Building, Washington DC. (Jan. 3)

* Thur., Jan. 3, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Earth at perihelion (closest Earth approach to the Sun in New Year): 91,403,553 statute miles / 147,099,761 kilometers. (Jan. 2 to 4)

* Thur., Jan. 3, 3:00 a.m. EST / 8:00 UTC - Jupiter 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., Jan. 3, 6:14 a.m. EST / 11:14 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Moon approaches closest to Jupiter.

* Thur., Jan. 3, 10:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 4, 3:00 UTC - (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Quadrantid Meteor Shower. (Jan. 3 to 4)

* Fri., Jan. 4 - Latest time of sunrise, for the year, for locales (such as Pittsburgh) at or near +40 North Latitude. (Jan. 4)

* Fri., Jan. 4, 1:00 p.m. EST / 18:00 UTC - Mercury 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Sat., Jan. 5 - National Bird Day. (Jan. 5)

* Sat., Jan. 5 - National Returns Day - When the most UPS returns packages are sent back to retailers. (Jan. 5)

* Sat., Jan. 5, Evening - "12th Night" of Christmas; end of the 12 days of Christmas, which began on Christmas Day. (Jan. 5)

***

* Sat., Jan. 5, 8:28 p.m. EST / Jan. 6, 1:28 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation # 1188.

* Sat., Jan. 5, 8:41:27 p.m. EST / Jan. 6, 1:41:27 UTC - Time of greatest eclipse for Partial Solar Eclipse / Partial Eclipse of the Sun, visible in northeastern section of Asia (including Japan and portions of Russia and China) and the North Pacific Ocean, and a small part of the eclipse may be visible in extreme western Alaska -
Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3
SOLAR ECLIPSE / ECLIPSE OF THE SUN: TIPS FOR SAFE VIEWING

***

* Sun., Jan. 6 - Feast of the Epiphany; the day after the "12th Night" of Christmas. Tradition celebrates Epiphany as day the Magi arrived in Bethlehem to present gifts to the Christ child. (Jan. 6)

* Mon., Jan. 7 - Orthodox Christmas - As determined by Julian Calendar. (Jan. 7)

* Mon., Jan. 7, 6:18 a.m. EST / 11:18 UTC - As it appears in the sky, Venus enters Constellation Sagittarius the Archer.

* Mon., Jan. 8 (1851), 2:00 a.m. Paris Time - Earth's Rotation Day - Anniversary: French physicist Jean Leon Foucault develops a simple device to finally demonstrate and prove that the Earth rotates on its axis: Foucault Pendulum. He demonstrated the Foucault Pendulum, before scientists at the Paris Observatory, on 1851 February 3.
Near the end of his life, Jean Leon Foucault also developed the Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope. (Jan. 8)

* Tue., Jan. 8 (1918) - Mount Wilson Observatory Astronomer Harlow Shapley discovered true magnitude of Milky Way Galaxy and true location of Earth and our Solar System in the Milky Way Galaxy.
On 1941 November 19, Harvard College Observatory Director Harlow Shapley delivered the keynote address at the dedication for a rather unique 10-inch Siderostat-Type Refractor Telescope at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. (Jan. 8)

* Tue., Jan. 8, 11:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 9, 4:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 252,349 statute miles / 406,117 kilometers.

* Wed., Jan. 9 (1793) - First balloon flight in America. (Jan. 9)

* Thur., Jan. 10 (1920) - Founding of the League of Nations. (Jan. 10)

* Thur., Jan. 10, 5:00 p.m. EST / 22:00 UTC - Neptune 3 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., Jan. 11 - Learn Your Name in Morse Code Day. (Jan. 11)

* Fri., Jan. 11 - National Milk Day. (Jan. 11)

* Fri., Jan. 11 - National Human Trafficking Awareness Day. (Jan. 11)

* Sat., Jan. 12 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Sat., Jan. 12, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Mars 5 degrees north of the Moon (appears closest visually 6:51 p.m. EST / 23:51 UTC).

* Sun., Jan. 13 - New Year's Eve, according to the Julian Calendar. (Jan. 13)

* Mon., Jan. 14 - Beginning of the New Year, according to the Julian Calendar. (Jan. 14)

* Mon., Jan. 14 - National Clean Off Your Desk Day. (2nd Monday of January)

* Mon., Jan. 14, 1:45 a.m. EST / 6:45 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Mon., Jan. 14, 7:00 a.m. EST / 12:00 UTC - Uranus 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Tue., Jan. 15 (1929) - Anniversary of the Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Observed - USA: Third Monday in January): Birth of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. (Jan. 15)

* Tue., Jan. 15 (2001) - Anniversary of launch of Wikipedia, free-of-charge, on-line encyclopedia. (Jan. 15)

* Thur., Jan. 17 - Kid Inventors’ Day (K.I.D.), on January 17 in honor of the birth of famous inventor Benjamin Franklin, who invented the first swim flippers at the age of 12. (Jan. 17)

* Mon., Jan. 21 - Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (Observed - USA: Third Monday in January): Birth of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: 1929 Jan. 15. (Third Monday in January)

* Mon., Jan. 21 - Squirrel Appreciation Day. (Jan. 21)

***

* Mon., Jan. 21, 12:12:16.0 a.m. EST / 5:12:16.0 UTC - Time of greatest eclipse for Total Lunar Eclipse / Total Eclipse of the Moon, visible throughout the Western Hemisphere as well as portions of the eclipse visible in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East - Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Link 3 *** Link 4
ALWAYS SAFE TO LOOK AT A LUNAR ECLIPSE / ECLIPSE OF THE MOON WITH THE NAKED-EYE (ONE-POWER), BINOCULARS, OR A TELESCOPE.

* Mon., Jan. 21, 12:16 a.m. EST / 5:16 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon (Wolf Moon).
As this Full Moon is near the monthly Lunar Perigee, some consider this a so-called "Super-Moon."

* Mon., Jan. 21, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 222,042 statute miles / 357,342 kilometers.
Large Tides Along Ocean Coast-Lines Predicted, due to Primary Moon Phase of Full Moon (and Total Lunar Eclipse / Total Eclipse of the Moon) only hours before Lunar Perigee.

***

* Mon., Jan. 21, 11:00 a.m. EST / 16:00 UTC - Moon 0.6 degree south of Beehive Open Star Cluster (M44).

* Jan. 22 to 27 - National Drug & Alcohol Facts Week. (4th week of January)

* Tue., Jan. 22, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Venus 2 degrees north of Jupiter (appears visually closest 5:43 a.m. EST / 10:43 UTC).

* Thur., Jan. 24 - National Compliment Day. (Jan. 24)

* Fri., Jan. 25 (1915) - First transcontinental telephone call. (Jan. 25)

* Fri., Jan. 25 - Earned Income Tax Credit Awareness Day. (Last Friday in January)

* Fri., Jan. 25, 1:17 a.m. EST / 6:17 UTC - Uranus enters Constellation Aries the Ram.

* Sat., Jan. 26 - Australia Day, commemorating the first landing in Australia by Captain Arthur Phillip. (Jan. 26)

* Jan. 27 to Feb. 2 - National Catholic Schools Week. (End of January / Beginning of February)

* Jan. 27 to Feb. 5, 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. Prevailing Local Time - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Monthly Globe at Night campaign, to raise public awareness of the impact of light pollution by encouraging everyone everywhere to measure local levels of night sky brightness and contribute observations on-line to a world map.

* Sun., Jan. 27 - Holocaust Remembrance Day (UN). (Jan. 27)

* Sun., Jan. 27 (1967) - Anniversary of Apollo 1 fire; three astronauts perished: Gus Grissom, Ed White, Roger Chaffee. (Jan. 27)

* Sun., Jan. 27 (1926) - First public demonstration, in London, of a black-and-white, mechanical television system. (Jan. 27)

* Sun., Jan. 27, 4:10 p.m. EST / 21:10 UTC - Primary Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Jan. 28 to Feb. 1 - Tax Identity Theft Awareness Week. (Last business week of January / first business week of February).

* Mon., Jan. 28 (1986) - Anniversary of STS Space Shuttle Challenger explosion; seven astronauts perished: Francis Scobee, Michael Smith, Elison Onizuka, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Gregory Jarvis, Christa McAuliffe (Teacher-in-Space). (Jan. 28)
Viewed at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center).

* Mon., Jan. 28 - Data Privacy Day. (Jan. 28)

* Mon., Jan. 28 - National Bubble-Wrap Appreciation Day, first used by IBM to safely ship computers in 1961. (Last Monday of January)

* Tue., Jan. 29 - Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Awareness Day. (Jan. 29)

* Tue., Jan. 29 - Puzzle Day. (Jan. 29)

* Tue., Jan. 29, 10:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 30, 3:00 UTC - Mercury in superior conjunction (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope).

* Wed., Jan. 30, 7:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 31, 0:00 UTC - Jupiter 3 degrees south of the Moon.

* Thur., Jan. 31 (1958) - Anniversary of the first successful launch, by the USA, of an artificial satellite: Explorer 1. (Jan. 31)

* Thur., Jan. 31, 1:00 p.m. EST / 18:00 UTC - Venus 0.1 degree south of the Moon; occultation: eastern portion of Micronesia, Polynesia but not including Hawaii, Galapagos Islands, southern portion of Central America, northwestern portion of South America.

Return to History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2019

Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
Electronic Mail: < astrocalendar@planetarium.cc > *** Internet Web Cover Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc >
This Internet Web Page: < http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2019.html >
SpaceWatchtower Blog
2019 January

Internet Web Site Master Index for the History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

NEWS: Planetarium, Astronomy, Space, and Other Sciences

See an Unexplained Object in the Sky ?
Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss !

Other Internet Web Sites of Interest

History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

History of Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago

Astronomer, Educator, and Telescope Maker John A. Brashear

History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries

Historic Duquesne Incline cable-car railway, Pittsburgh

Disclaimer Statement: This Internet Web Site is not affiliated with the Andrew Carnegie Free Library,
Ninth Pennsylvania Reserves Civil War Reenactment Group, Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory,
The Carnegie Science Center, The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Institute, or The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.

This Internet, World Wide Web Site administered by Glenn A. Walsh.
Unless otherwise indicated, all pages in this web site are --
© Copyright 2019, Glenn A. Walsh, All Rights Reserved.
Contact Web Site Administrator: < astrocalendar@planetarium.cc >.

This Internet World Wide Web page created on 2018 Dec. 30.
Last modified : Thursday, 03-Jan-2019 22:32:49 EST.

You are visitor number , to this web page, since 2018 Dec. 30.